In the event of a radiation emergency, there may be a requirement to establish a Radiation Monitoring Unit (RMU) to undertake radiation monitoring of the public (population monitoring). A RMU is used to determine levels of radioactive contamination in or on people and any subsequent requirement for decontamination. It will also inform decisions regarding the need for any medical interventions for persons contaminated with radioactive material.
This document addresses the full life-cycle of a Radiation Monitoring Unit (RMU) in 2 parts, the first, planning for an RMU, provides detailed information for emergency planners including information to inform the selection of suitable accommodation and equipment. A basic description of the process for people monitoring and data collection is also provided. The second part focuses on more detailed operational aspects.
This document is intended for use in England although many of the principles contained within can be applied to the UK devolved administrations.