Guidance

Advice for decision making: staff guide

Advice for DWP decision makers on Universal Credit, PIP and contribution-based JSA and ESA for people who are eligible for Universal Credit.

Documents

ADM memo 24/20: Right to reside – family members and extended family members of British citizens – UC

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ADM memo 23/20: ESA: Failure to attend

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ADM memo 22/20: PIP daily living activity 9 – effect of Supreme Court judgement

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ADM Memo 21/20: ESA: Mandatory reconsideration and pending appeal awards

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ADM memo 20/20: NHS Test and Trace self-isolation payment

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ADM Memo 19/20: Right to reside: persons of Northern Ireland: family members - UC

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ADM memo 18/20: UC: reciprocal arrangements with Northern Ireland

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ADM memo 17/20: Tolley lead cases guidance (revised)

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ADM memo 16/20: Universal Credit: Miscellaneous amendments

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ADM memo 15/20: Universal Credit: Miscellaneous amendments

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ADM memo 14/20: Universal Credit: Miscellaneous amendments 2020

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ADM memo 13/20: The social security (income and capital) (miscellaneous amendments) regulations 2020

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ADM memo 12/20: The Social Fund and social security (clams and payments) (amendment) regulations 2020

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ADM memo 11/20: HMRC and devolved administration coronavirus schemes and UC

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ADM memo 10/20: The Universal Credit (coronavirus) (self-employed claimants and reclaims) (amendment) Regulations 2020

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ADM memo 09/20: Temporary absence abroad for cash sickness benefits

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ADM memo 08/20: Treatment of coronavirus scheme payments for JSA and ESA

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ADM memo 07/20: The Troubles permanent disablement payment scheme

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ADM memo 6/20: Parental bereavement leave and pay - consequential amendments to social security benefits

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ADM memo 5/20: Prisoners on temporary release

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ADM memo 4/20: JSA and UC: Coronavirus (COVID-19) further measures

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ADM memo 3/20: Rates for income tax, UC benefit rates and Social Security Contributions from April 2020

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ADM memo 2/20: ESA and Universal Credit: Coronavirus

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ADM memo 01/20: Identifying employment/self-employment for the determination of competency for cash sickness benefits

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ADM memo 17/19: PIP daily living activity 3, effect of Upper Tribunal decision

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ADM memo 16/19: funeral support payments

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ADM memo 11/19: PIP - effect of recent Court of Appeal decision regarding the Past Presence Test (PPT) and GSL

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ADM memo 6/19: Rates for Income Tax, Universal Credit benefit rates and social security contributions from April 2019

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ADM memo 24/18: PIP negative determinations, effect of Upper Tribunal decisions

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ADM memo 22/18: Universal Credit, miscellaneous amendments

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ADM memo 16/18: PIP mobility activity 1, effect of Upper Tribunal decision MH v SSWP (PIP) [2016] UKUT 531(AAC)

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ADM memo 15/18: PIP, the meaning of 'safely', amended version

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ADM memo 9/18: Housing costs and Social Fund Maternity Grant

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ADM memo 8/18: Loans for mortgage interest

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ADM memo 6/18: The Universal Credit (work-related requirements) in work pilot scheme and amendment regs 2015

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ADM memo 5/18: The application of the Universal Credit (UC) (claims and payments) (Scotland) amendment regs 2017 to the operation of the claims and payments system for UC in relation to Scotland

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ADM memo 2/18: Universal Credit and ESA, limited capability for work-related activity and substantial risk

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ADM memo 26/17: The operation of the claims and payments system for UC in relation to Scotland

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ADM amended chapters for June 2020

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List of abbreviations

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List of statutes and statutory instruments

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Chapter A1: Principles of decision making and evidence

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Chapter A2: Claims

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Chapter A3: Revision

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Chapter A4: Supersession, suspension and termination

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Chapter A5: Appeals - Personal Independence Payment, Universal Credit, New Style Employment and Support Allowance, New Style Jobseeker's Allowance

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Chapter A6: Staying

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Annex A – Late application for a mandatory reconsideration (MR)

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Annex B – spare for future use

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Annex C – Issues for decision by HM Revenue and Customs

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Annex D – Decisions and determinations that are appealable

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Annex E – Decisions and determinations that are not appealable

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Annex F – spare for future use

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Annex G – Extracts from the European Convention

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Annex H – spare for future use

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Annex I – spare for future use

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Annex J – spare for future use

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Annex K – Neutral citation

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Annex L – Prefixes to reported Commissioner's decisions

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Annex M – Example of application of section 7

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Chapter B1: Payment of UC, PIP, ESA and JSA

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Chapter B2: Restrictions on payment of benefit, benefit offences

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Chapter B3: Evidence of age and death

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Chapter C1: Universal Credit: International issues

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Chapter C2: Personal Independence Payment: International issues

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Chapter C3: Jobseeker's Allowance: International issues

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Chapter C4: Employment and Support Allowance: International issues

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Chapter D1: Overpayments, recoverability, adjustments, civil penalties and recoupment – UC, JSA and ESA

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Chapter D2: Third Party Deductions UC, JSA and ESA

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Chapter D3: Deductions from benefit in respect of FRM and CMD UC, JSA and ESA

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Chapter D4: spare for future use

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Chapter E1: Introduction and entitlement

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Chapter E2: Benefit unit, awards and maximum amount

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Chapter E3: Special cases

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Chapter E4: Universal Credit, living together as a married couple

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Chapter E5: Benefit cap

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Chapter F1: Child element

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Chapter F2: Housing costs element

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Chapter F3: Housing costs element, support for renters

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Chapter F4: Housing costs element, support for owner occupiers

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Chapter F5: Work capability elements

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Chapter F6: Carer element

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Chapter F7: Childcare costs element

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Chapter G1: Work Capability Assessment

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Chapter G2: Limited capability for work

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Chapter G3: Limited capability for work and work-related activity

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Chapter H1: Capital

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Chapter H2: Capital disregards

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Chapter H3: Earned income, employed earnings

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Chapter H4: Earned income, self-employed earnings

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Chapter H5: Unearned income

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Chapter H6: Students and student income

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Chapter J1: The claimant commitment

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Chapter J2: Work-related groups

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Chapter J3: Work-related requirements

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Chapter K1: Sanctions, general principles

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Chapter K2: Good reason

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Chapter K3: Higher level sanctions

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Chapter K4: Medium level sanctions

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Chapter K5: Low level sanctions

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Chapter K6: Lowest level sanctions

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Chapter K7: Effect of ESA and JSA sanctions on UC

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Chapter K8: When a reduction is to have effect

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Chapter K9: Amount of reduction

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Chapter L1: Hardship

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Chapter L2: Universal Credit, Social Fund, Sure Start Maternity Grants

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Chapter L3: Universal Credit, Social Fund, Funeral Payments

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Chapter L4: Social Fund, Cold Weather Payments

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Chapter M1: This chapter is spare

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Chapter M2: This chapter is spare

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Chapter M3: This chapter is spare

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Chapter M4: This chapter is spare

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Chapter M5: Claims for Universal Credit, digital service area

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Chapter M6: Effects of transition to Universal Credit, digital service area

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Chapter M7: Managed migration pilot and transitional protection

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Chapter P1: Conditions of entitlement

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Chapter P2: Assessment for PIP

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Chapter P3: Hospitals, similar institutions and care homes

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Chapter P4: Exceptions to normal payability rules

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Chapter P5: Transitional provisions

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Chapter P6: Good reason

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Chapter R1: JSPs and JSA contributions conditions

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Chapter R2: JSA conditions of entitlement

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Chapter R3: JSA claimant responsibilities, the claimant commitment

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Chapter R4: JSA claimant responsiblities, work-related requirements

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Chapter R5: Trade disputes

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Chapter S1: JSA amounts payable and part-week payments

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Chapter S2: JSA and employed earners

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Chapter S3: JSA, self-employed earners and share fishermen

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Chapter S4: JSA sanctions, general principles

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Chapter S5: JSA higher-level sanctions

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Chapter S6: JSA medium-level sanctions

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Chapter S7: JSA low-level sanctions

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Chapter S8: JSA transition

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Chapter U1: ESA conditions of entitlement

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Chapter U2: ESA limited capability for work-related activity

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Chapter U3: ESA claimant responsibilities, the claimant commitment

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Chapter U4: ESA claimant responsibilities, work-related requirement groups

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Chapter U5: ESA claimant responsibilities, work-related requirements

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Chapter U6: ESA disqualification

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Chapter U7: ESA award made pending appeal

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Chapter V1: ESA amounts of allowance and part-week payments

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Chapter V2: Duration of ESA award

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Chapter V3: ESA, effect of work

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Chapter V4: ESA and employed earners

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Chapter V5: ESA and self-employed earners

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Chapter V6: ESA assessment phase and components

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Chapter V7: ESA sanctions

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Chapter V8: ESA transition

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Details

This advice for DWP decision makers covers:

The advice in the Decision makers’ guide applies in all other cases.

Join our mailing list to find out when we update this publication by emailing dma.leedsmailinglist@dwp.gov.uk

Why we publish this guide

We publish this guide to help people understand how we make decisions.

Information for claimants

Information for claimants about eligibility and how to claim:

Published 22 March 2013
Last updated 6 October 2020 + show all updates
  1. Added ADM memo 24/20: Right to reside – family members and extended family members of British citizens – UC and updated chapter C1.

  2. Added ADM memo 23/20 and updated chapter U2.

  3. Added ADM memo 22/20: PIP daily living activity 9 – effect of Supreme Court judgement.

  4. Added 'ADM Memo 21/20: ESA: Mandatory reconsideration and pending appeal awards' and revised chapters A3, A5 and U7.

  5. Added ADM memo 20/20: “NHS Test and Trace Self-Isolation Payment” and updated chapter H5: "Universal Credit - Unearned income" with guidance on how to treat the payment.

  6. Added 'ADM Memo 19/20: Right to reside: persons of Northern Ireland: family members - UC' and revised chapter C1.

  7. Added ADM memos 17/20 and 18/20. Updated chapters C1 and C2. Removed ADM memo 20/19 as memo 17/20 replaces it.

  8. Updated chapter A5 about appeals to include New Style Employment and Support Allowance and New Style Jobseeker's Allowance in addition to Personal Independence Payment and Universal Credit.

  9. Added 'ADM memo 16/20: Universal Credit: Miscellaneous amendments'. Updated chapters E1 and H6.

  10. Chapter D2 - various small amendments to D2002, D2025, D2032 and D2043 to remove references to deductions for child support maintenance under paragraph 10 of Schedule 6 to the “Universal Credit etc. (Claims and Payments) Regulations 2013 (SI 2013/380)” which has been deleted; paras D2225 to D2230 are also removed as they refer to deductions under the above deleted legislation. Chapter D3 - this chapter has been re-written to remove redundant material and reorganised. Removed Memo ADM 12/19: Changes to deductions for CSM and arrears of CSM as no longer relevant.

  11. Added 'ADM memo 15/20: Universal Credit: Miscellaneous amendments'. Updated 'ADM memo 4/20: JSA and UC: Coronavirus (COVID-19) further measures' and chapters E5, H4, M5, M6 and M7.

  12. Added 'ADM memo 14/20: Universal Credit – miscellaneous amendments 2020'. Updated chapters A2 and E5 to include references to the ADM memo.

  13. Added 'ADM memo 12/20: The social fund and social security (clams and payments) (amendment) regulations 2020'. Added 'ADM memo 13/20: The social security (income and capital) (miscellaneous amendments) regulations 2020'. Updated chapters H2, H5, L3 and L4 to include references to these latest ADM memos.

  14. Updated versions of 'ADM memo 8/20' and 'ADM memo 11/20' added.

  15. Added 'ADM memo 11/20: HMRC and devolved administration coronavirus schemes and UC'. Updated chapters H2, H3 and H4 to include references to ADM memo 11/20.

  16. Added 'ADM memo 10/20: The Universal Credit (coronavirus) (self-employed claimants and reclaims) (amendment) Regulations 2020'. Revised Chapters A2, H2 and H4 as they now refer to memo 10/20.

  17. Added 'ADM memo 09/20: Temporary absence abroad for cash sickness benefits'. Revised Chapter C2, now refers to memo 09/20.

  18. Added 'ADM amended chapters for June 2020'.

  19. Added 'ADM memo 08/20: Treatment of coronavirus scheme payments for JSA and ESA'. Revised chapters R2 and V1 to show references to memo 08/20. Removed ADM memos 11/17, 14/17, 04/18 and 19/19 as they have now been incorporated into the main guidance.

  20. Various revised chapters: 'A1: Principles of Decision Making and Evidence' - changes enhance the guidance on evidence by adding paragraphs on 'Relationship breakdown' (A1322) and 'Contacting third parties' (A1323) as well as making some consequential amendments. 'A2: Claims' - guidance on 'Making a claim for UC' expanded at A2028 & A2029, various amendments and corrections made to cross references. 'E2: Benefit unit, awards and maximum amount' - definition of a couple amended at E2003 (SI 2019/1458), minor amends made to some cross referencing and ‘Note’ added at E2016 for clarity. 'E5: Benefit cap' - a minor amendment to the example at E5051. 'F1: Child Element' - amounts for child element and disabled child addition amended at F1110 and F1123 following up-rating. 'F2: Housing costs element – general conditions' - minor amends made to some cross referencing. 'F3: Housing Costs Element: Support for renters' - note added to F3112 to make clear transgender children won’t be allocated an additional bedroom, up-rating memo ADM 3/20 incorporated at F3140, F3234 amended to make clear there is no time limit for this exception to apply, ADM 14/17 incorporated at new para at F3252. 'H1: Capital' - paragraph on 'Capital outside of the UK' amended and renumbered as H1603. 'L2: Social Fund - Sure Start Maternity grant' - a minor amendment to wording of L2036 to reflect change in the definition of a couple. 'L3: Social Fund - Funeral Payments' - paragraph L3282 amended to reflect the fact that the amount for 'other funeral expenses' has increased from £700 to £1000 for deaths occurring on or after 8 April 2020. 'S4: JSA Sanctions – General principles' - incorporates ADM memo 19/19, adds a note to S4030 'Maximum reduction period' and adds guidance on 'The public law principles of fairness' at S4081 and S4082. 'S5: JSA Higher-level sanctions' - incorporates ADM memo 19/19 (paragraphs S5006 to S5011 refer).

  21. Added 'ADM memo 07/20: The Troubles permanent disablement payment scheme'. 'Chapter H2: capital disregards' and 'Chapter H5: Unearned Income' revised to include references to ADM memo 7/20.

  22. Added 'ADM memo 6/20: Parental bereavement leave and pay - consequential amendments to social security benefits'. Updated chapters F7, H3, R2, S2 and V4.

  23. Added 'ADM memo 5/20: Prisoners on temporary release' to collection. 'ADM memo 4/20' and 'Chapter E3: Special cases' also revised to include references to ADM memo 5/20.

  24. Revised ADM memo 02/20 and ADM memo 03/20.

  25. Added ADM memo 4/20: JSA and UC: Coronavirus (COVID-19) further measures. Revised chapters E2: Benefit unit, awards and maximum amount, H4: Earned income - self-employed earnings, J3: Work-related requirements, M7: Managed migration pilot and transitional protection and R2: JSA conditions of entitlement.

  26. Added ADM memo 3/20: Rates for income tax, UC benefit rates and Social Security Contributions from April 2020 and revised chapters F3: Housing costs element, support for renters, Chapter S2: JSA and employed earners and Chapter V4: ESA and employed earners, with annotations to memo 3/20.

  27. Added ADM Memo 02/20: ESA and UC: Coronavirus and revised chapters G2: Limited capability for work, H4: Earned income - self employed earnings, U1: ESA conditions of entitlement and ADM U2: ESA Limited capability for work and Limited capability for work-related activity, annotated to memo 2/20.

  28. Added ADM memo 1/20: Identifying Employment/Self-Employment For The Determination Of Competency For Cash Sickness and revised chapter C2 annotated with memo 1/20.

  29. Deleted ADM Memo 20/17: 'PIP – effect of recent UT decision regarding the Past presence test (PPT) and GSL' as it is no longer current.

  30. Updated ADM Chapter G3. Amendment made to paragraph G3030 - Claimant disabled and over State Pension Credit age. Made chapters M3 and M4 spare - left intentionally blank.

  31. Deleted out of date ADM memos: 04/16: Right to Reside - UC – Effect of UT Decision 28/16: Revision of ESA & JSA - Effects of changes to collection of Class 2 National Insurance 05/17: Universal Credit - removal of the spare room subsidy 06/17: Housing Costs Element for UC Claimants aged 18 to 21 12/17: Bereavement Support Payment – Consequential Amendments 16/17: UC and ESA: further evidence of LCW 14/18: Undocumented Commonwealth Citizens Resident in the UK – UC 20/18: Change to the time for claiming a sure start Maternity Grant 23/18: Best Start Grants 08/19: Late application for a mandatory reconsideration 09/19: Right to reside - EU Settlement Scheme (EUSS) – UC 13/19: The Children's Funeral Fund for England 14/19: Right to Reside - UC 18/19: Capital Disregards 21/19: Right to reside – EEA National who ceases self-employment because of the physical constraints of the late stages of pregnancy and the aftermath of childbirth – UC

  32. Updated ADM abbreviations and chapters A3, A5, Annex A, C1, E2, E3, F1 to F6, G1, G2, H1, H2, H6, J3, K3, L2, L3, M6, R1, U1, U2, and V1. Amendments to each document are listed in the amendments summary February 2020.

  33. Revised ADM 21/19 - para 19 - added supplementary wording to clarify the date as being that of the date of the UT decision.

  34. Added 'ADM memo 21/19: Right to reside – EEA National who ceases self-employment because of the physical constraints of the late stages of pregnancy and the aftermath of childbirth – UC' and updated 'Chapter C1: Universal Credit' to include references to ADM memo 21/19.

  35. Added ADM memo 20/19: Tolley lead cases guidance and revised chapter C2: International Issues Personal Independence Payment.

  36. Replaced chapter K3 with revised version containing references to ADM Memo 19/19: Universal Credit and JSA new style, changes to higher level sanctions 2019.

  37. Replaced chapters S4 and S5 with revised versions containing references to ADM Memo 19/19: Universal Credit and JSA new style, changes to higher level sanctions 2019.

  38. Added ADM memo 19/19: Universal Credit and JSA new style, changes to higher level sanctions 2019.

  39. Removed 'ADM memo 19/18: Universal Credit, treatment of arrears of benefit', 'ADM memo 1/19: Universal Credit, claimants entitled to severe disability premium', 'ADM memo 3/19: Universal Credit, abolition of tax credits, ESA(IR) and JSA(IB)', 'ADM memo 10/19: UC - restriction on claims from mixed age couples' and 'ADM memo 15/19: Universal Credit transitional severe disability premium amount', as they have now been incorporated into the main ADM guidance.

  40. Added 'ADM memo 18/19: Capital disregards'.

  41. Added revised chapters A4, A5, F7, G1, H1, J3, K1, K2, M5, M6, S8, V8 and the amendment summary for October 2019, which lists the changes in the chapters.

  42. Added 'ADM memo 17/19: PIP daily living activity 3, effect of Upper Tribunal decision'.

  43. Added 'ADM memo 16/19: funeral support payments'. Added revised chapters H2, H5 and L3.

  44. Removed 'ADM Memo 02/19: Universal Credit, changes for families with more than 2 children' from GOV.UK as this is no longer current and has been incorporated into the ADM guidance.

  45. Removed memo 7/17 'UC, changes to LCW element and work-related requirements' as it is no longer current.

  46. Added new chapter M7: 'Managed migration pilot and transitional protection'. Updated memos 1/19, 3/19 and the list of abbreviations with references to chapter M7. Updated chapter A4: 'Supersession, suspension and termination'. The changes are to paragraphs: A4005 about when a First-tier Tribunal or Upper Tribunal decision can be superseded; A4006 to specify that medical evidence has to be from an approved health professional; A4217 to provide an example of how effective dates are arrived at following change of circumstances; A4221 to clarify what the effective date of supersession should be; A4255 to make clear that medical evidence has to be from an approved health professional; A4299 to A4301 to provide more detail around regulation 26 of the UC, PIP, JSA & ESA D&A Regulations and effective dates together with reference to DS v SSWP [2017] AACR 19.

  47. Added memo 15/19 about awards of transitional severe disability premium (SDP) amounts to Universal Credit claimants who were previously entitled to a benefit which included an SDP. Updated memo 1/19 and chapter M6 with references to memo 15/19.

  48. Added memo 14/19 and updated chapter C1 with new guidance on Universal Credit and Right to Reside.

  49. Added memo 13/19 and updated chapter L3 with guidance about the Children's Funeral Fund in England.

  50. Added memo 12/19 about changes to deductions for child maintenance and arrears of child maintenance. Updated chapter D3 'Deductions from benefit in respect of FRM and CMD UC, JSA and ESA'.

  51. Revised Chapter P5 'Transitional provisions' - an updated note to paragraph P5108 as a result of an amendment regulation coming into force.

  52. Replaced Chapter A3 'Revision'. The amendment updates para A3027 point 3 to make clear that where the DM considers they have before them a hopeless application for supersession, no decision should be made.

  53. Revised ADM chapters: C1, C2, E2, E3, J3, K1, K5, K6, P3, P4, S2 and V5. Changes to these chapters are listed in 'ADM amended chapters for June 2019'. Also removed ADM memos 5/19 and 21/18 as these have been incorporated into the guide.

  54. Updated the following memo's - ADM 1/19: UC: claimants entitled to severe disability premium, ADM 3/19: UC Abolition of Tax Credits, ESA (IR) and JSA (IB), ADM 10/19: restriction on claims from mixed age couples, ADM 11/19: PIP - effect of recent court of appeal decision regarding the past presence test (PPT) and GSL, ADMC2: international issues - PIP, ADMM5: claims for UC - digital service area.

  55. Added ADM memo 8/19: late application for a mandatory reconsideration and ADM Memo 9/19: right to reside: EU settlement scheme (EUSS): UC, and revised chapter A3. Removed ADM Memo 21/17: late application for a mandatory reconsideration - effect of a recent 3 judge panel. This memo is no longer relevant.

  56. Revised ADM chapters: F2 – Memo ADM 9/18 incorporated, paragraphs F2136 & F2137 removed, together with references and examples throughout to owner occupier payments and loans Memo ADM 4/18 incorporated at F2042 to include payments in respect of temporary accommodation. F3 – Some legal references updated, guidance made clearer that non-dependants can only 'normally live' in one place (F3034), ADM Memo 5/17 incorporated – changes to the number of bedrooms to which a renter is entitled (F3111 and F3131) and Memo ADM 4/18 – changes to the definition of temporary accommodation (F3180). F4 – Incorporated Memo ADM 9/18 – removed all references throughout to the Housing Cost Element (HCE) in respect of owner occupier payments – how to calculate the amount of HCE to include in an award of UC for claimants who are owner occupiers. Also, F4001 makes clear that, with effect from 6 April 2018, support for mortgage interest changed from a benefit to a loan secured on the property. All references and guidance on owner occupier payments in respect of loans, loans for repairs and improvements and alternative finance arrangements no longer applies and is removed with effect from 6 April 2018. Appendix 1 added to give guidance on the transition from a benefit to a loan.

  57. Revised chapters: A1, A2, B1, B3, D2, D4, E2, E3, F1, H2, H4, H6, J3, K1, K2, K4, K5, M3, M5, P1, P4, P5 and R4. Changes to these chapters are listed in 'ADM amended chapters for March 2019'.

  58. Removed memos 10/17, 22/16, 7/16, 13/15 as these have been incorporated into the Advice for decision making staff guide.

  59. Added ADM memo 6/19: Rates for Income Tax, Universal Credit benefit rates and social security contributions from April 2019 and revised chapters F3, S2 and V4 annotated to ADM memo 6/19. Also deleted out of date ADM memos 13/18, 18/18 and 4/19.

  60. Added ADM memo 5/19: Universal Credit, effect of recent Upper Tribunal decision when deciding sanctions cases and revised chapters J3 and K1 annotated to it.

  61. Added ADM memo 1/19: Universal Credit, claimants entitled to Severe Disability Premium, ADM memo 3/19: Universal Credit, abolition of tax credits, ESA(IR) and JSA(IB) and chapter M5 annotated to it and ADM memo 4/19: Civil status certificates and chapter B3 annotated to it and revised memo 18/18, with annotations to new memos.

  62. Revised annotations to memos in ADM chapters A2, B2, C1, C2, D1, F1, F2, F3, F4, H1, H2, H4, H5, L2, M4, M6, P2, P5, U2 and V3 and memos 6/17, 26/17, 4/18 and 13/18. Also deleted out of date memos 16/16, 21/16, 3/17, 4/17, 25/17, 27/17, 28/17 and 7/18.

  63. Revised ADM chapter P1: conditions of entitlement. Changes to paragraph 1031, note 3 and new example 5.

  64. Added ADM memo 1/19: Universal Credit, claimants entitled to Severe Disability Premium and revised chapters M5 and S8 annotated to it, and ADM memo 2/19: Universal Credit, changes for families with more than 2 children and revised chapters F1, G3, M5 and S8 annotated to it.

  65. Revised ADM chapter P5 paras 5055 to 5056: Negative determination is revised or successfully appealed.

  66. Added equation to ADM H3, paragraph H3308.

  67. Added ADM memos 21/18: International issues, Universal Credit, 22/18: Universal Credit, misc amendments, 23/18: Best Start Grants and 24/18: PIP negative determinations, effect of Upper Tribunal decision.

  68. Revised ADM chapter P1: Conditions of entitlement - changes made to examples in paragraph P1031.

  69. Revised ADM chapter P1: Date changes in notes and examples in paragraph P1031.

  70. Revised ADM chapters: F2 - to take account of new legislation around care homes in Wales, and to correct some cross referencing. G1 - added new paragraphs (G1128-30) to copy the guidance that currently exists in ESA Chapter 42 concerning repeated failure to attend a medical assessment. H3 - H3193: new example 3. H4 - minor change H5 - incorporated ADM memo 09/18. H6 - H6008: revised to reflect correct approach to ‘access funds’. H6 - H6041: example to demonstrate MIF can only apply to AWRR claimants. H6 - H6134: amended postgrad paragraph - split of loan over years of course, not just first 2 years H6 - H6136: added note to ‘other’ funding. H6 - H6141: amend ‘Rick’ example - attribution of postgrad income as above. K1 - incorporated guidance following case law in remedial Reilly/Wilson related issues. K5 - updated guidance on work experience and Youth Obligation. L3 - incorporated ADM memo 07/18. L2 - Incorporated ADM memo 09/18.

  71. Revised ADM chapter P2: Assessment for PIP. Descriptor log has been removed and a link added to the PIPAG in schedule 2 for future guidance.

  72. Published ADM memo 19/18: Universal Credit, treatment of arrears of benefit, with annotated chapters H2, M4 and M6. And ADM memo 20/18: Change to the time for claiming a Sure Start Maternity Grant, with annotated chapter L2.

  73. Deleted ADM memo 17/18. Information that was in 17/18 has been incorporated in revised chapter H5.

  74. Added ADM memo 17/18: Scottish Carer's Allowance supplement and revised chapter H5, annotated to it.

  75. Deleted out of date ADM memos 5/15, 8/16, 13/16, 15/16, 20/16, 13/17, 19/17, 22/17 and 24/17.

  76. Added ADM memo 18/18: Universal Credit, further extension of digital claims and revised chapters M3 and M5, annotated to memo 18/18.

  77. Revised ADM chapter J2: Work-related groups. Added PIP and Armed Forces Independence Payment (AFID) to paragraph J2056 and removed references to waiting days from J2093 and deleted paragraphs J2099 and J2100.

  78. Replaced ADM chapter E5: Benefits cap with complete version. The previous copy only had the contents list.

  79. Deleted out of date ADM memos: 23/17, 1/18, 3/18, 10/18, 11/18 and 12/18.

  80. Revised ADM chapter P2 - change to descriptor log.

  81. Published numerous revised ADM chapters between A4 and V4. Changes listed in June 2018 amendment PDF.

  82. Added ADM memos 15/18: PIP - the meaning of 'safely' - amended version and 16/18: PIP mobility activity 1, effect of UT decision MH v SSWP (PIP) [2016] UKUT 531(AAC). Revised chapter P2 - change to descriptor log and deleted out of date ADM memos 29/17 and 30/17.

  83. Added ADM memo 13/18: Universal Credit, further extension of digital claims.

  84. Added ADM memo 14/18: Undocumented Commonwealth citizens resident in the UK – Universal Credit.

  85. Revised ADM chapter H3. The changes are - paragraphs H3010 and H3300 - Incorporated Surplus Earnings part of Memo – 11/18. Paragraphs H3170, H3272 and annex – added Scottish Rate of Income Tax.

  86. Replaced ADM chapter E2: Benefit unit, awards and maximum amount, with revised version now displaying the content.

  87. Revised guidance at paragraph 16 in ADM memo 8/18: Loans for mortgage interest.

  88. Deleted ADM memo 8/18: Loans for mortgage interest, because of incorrect guidance. We will publish a revised version as soon as we can.

  89. Revised calculations in ADM memo 11/18: Universal Credit, surplus earnings and self-employed losses on page 8 - calculation 3, page 13 - example 2 assessment period (AP) 1 and page 20 - AP2 Nos. 4 and 5. And revised chapters A4,B1,D2, D4, E1, E2, F1 to F4, G3, H4, H5, J2, J3, K3, K5, K6, L2, L3, M3 to M6, R4, S5, S7 and U2. Chapters annotated to one or more of ADM memos 7 to 11/18.

  90. Added ADM memo 12/18: Where a child normally lives - effect of recent Upper Tribunal decision.

  91. Added ADM memo 11/18: Universal Credit, surplus earnings and self-employed losses.

  92. Added ADM memos 7/18: Social Fund funeral expenses amendment regs 2018, UC, 8/18: Loans for mortgage interest, 9/18: Housing costs and Social Fund Maternity Grant and 10/18: UC and JSA (new style) - Work and Health Programme (Mandatory Provision for the long-term unemployed.

  93. Published numerous revised ADM chapters between C1 and S3. Changes listed in February 2018 amendment PDF.

  94. Revised ADM chapter K5 with added definition of work and health programme.

  95. Added ADM memos 5/18: The application of the Universal Credit (UC) (claims and payments) (Scotland) amendment regs 2017 to the operation of the claims and payments system for UC in relation to Scotland and 6/18: The Universal Credit (work-related requirements) in work pilot scheme and amendment regs 2015.

  96. Added ADM memo 2/18: Universal Credit and ESA, limited capability for work-related activity and substantial risk, ADM memo 3/18: Universal Credit, further extension of digital claims and ADM memo 4/18: Universal Credit, miscellaneous amendments.

  97. Replaced ADM chapter P2 with revised descriptor log.

  98. Added ADM memo 1/18: Universal Credit, when claims may not be made and revised chapters M3 and M5 annotated to memo 1/18. Also revised descriptors in chapter P2.

  99. Deleted out of date ADM memos 24/14, 27/14, 12/16 and 27/16.

  100. Published numerous revised ADM chapters between A4 and V8. Changes listed in October 2017 amendment PDF. Deleted out of date memos: 2/17, 8/17, 9/17, 17/17, 18/17, 1/16, 10/16, 11/16, 14/16, 17/16, 18/16, 16/15, 17/15, 18/15, 20/15, 21/15, 21/15, 22/15, 4/14, 7/14, 19/14 and 26/14.

  101. Replaced ADM chapter P2 with revised descriptor log.

  102. Added ADM memos: 27/17: Kinship care and continuing care payments - new style JSA and ESA, 28/17: October 2017 miscellaneous amendments, 29/17: PIP - the meaning of 'safely' - part 1 and 30/17: PIP - the meaning of 'safely' - part 2 - decision making

  103. Added ADM memo 26/17: The operation of the claims and payments system for UC in relation to Scotland and revised chapters B1 and F2, annotated to memo 26/17.

  104. Added revised ADM chapter P2. Descriptor log has been re-written.

  105. Added ADM memo 25/17: Qualifying young persons participating in relevant training schemes and revised Chapter E1: Introduction and entitlement, Chapter E2: Benefit unit, awards and maximum amount, Chapter H6: Students and student income and Chapter R2: JSA conditions of entitlement - annotated to ADM memo 25/17.

  106. Added ADM memo 24/17: Infected blood and thalidomide regulations and revised chapters H2 and H5 annotated to memo 24/17.

  107. Added revised ADM memo: 21/17: Late application for a mandatory reconsideration, effect of a recent 3 judge panel - with revised chapter A3 annotated to it. And new memos 22/17: ESA and UC - response to the first-tier tribunal - with revised chapter A5 annotated to it and memo 23/17: UC, further extension of digital claims.

  108. Added ADM memo 21/17: Late application for a mandatory reconsideration, effect of a recent 3 judge panel and revised volume 1 chapter A3 - annotated to memo 21/17.

  109. Deleted out of date ADM memos 1/17 and 15/17 and chapters M1 and M2.

  110. Added ADM memo 20/17 and revised chapter C2 - annotated to new memo.

  111. Published revised ADM chapter P2. Change listed in June 2017 amendment PDF.

  112. Added ADM memos 18 and 19/17 and revised chapters H2, H5, M3 and M5 - annotated to new memos.

  113. Published numerous revised ADM chapters between A3 and V7. Changes listed in June 2017 amendment PDF.

  114. Published ADM memo 17/17: Universal Credit - leaving paid work or losing pay voluntarily or through misconduct. And revised chapters J2 and K3 annotated to memo 17/17.

  115. Published ADM memos 14/17: UC - Tenant Incentive Scheme, 15/17: UC, further extension of digital claims and 16/17: UC and ESA - further evidence of LCW. And revised chapters F3, G1, G2, M3, M5 and U2 - annotated to memos 14, 15 and 16/17.

  116. Published ADM memos 9 to 13/17 and revised chapters B2, D1, E1, F1, F7, H2, H5, L3, L4, M5 and V1. Chapters annotated to memos.

  117. Published ADM memo 7/17: UC, changes to LCW element and work-related requirements and 8/17: ESA, removal of Work-Related Activity component and permitted work limit. Revised chapters F5, F6, G1, G2, J2, J3, V1, V3 and V6 annotated to memos 7 and 8/17.

  118. Published ADM memo 6/17: Housing costs element for Universal Credit claimants aged 18 to 21 and revised chapters F2 and F3 annotated to memo 6/17.

  119. Published revised ADM memo 8/16 with added appendix.

  120. Added ADM memo 5/17: Universal Credit, removal of the spare room subsidy and revised chapter F3 annotated to the memo. And deleted out of date memos: 8/14, 14 to 17/14, 23/14, 25/14, 28/14, 2/15, 8/15, 10/15, 11/15, 15/15, 19/16 and 23 to 26/16.

  121. Published ADM memo 4/17: Universal Credit, earnings taper and revised chapter E2 annotated to memo 4/17.

  122. Published ADM memo 3/2017: PIP, amendments to daily living activity 3 and mobility activity 1 and revised chapter P2 annotated to memo 3/2017.

  123. Added ADM memo 2/17: Benefit cap earnings exception and replaced numerous chapters between A1 and V8. See February 2017 amendment PDF for full list of what's changed.

  124. Published ADM memo 1/17: Universal Credit - Further extension of digital claims. And revised chapters M3 and M5 annotated to memo 1/17.

  125. Replaced ADM chapter P2 with revision to the descriptor log.

  126. Replaced ADM chapter P2 with revision to the descriptor log.

  127. Published ADM memo 28/16: Revision of ESA and JSA - effects of changes to collection of Class 2 National Insurance. And revised chapters A3, R1 and U1 annotated to memo 28/16.

  128. Replaced ADM chapter P2 with revision to the descriptor log.

  129. Replaced ADM amendment PDF for October 2016. All links fixed.

  130. Added ADM memo 27/16: Benefit cap changes. And revised chapter E5 annotated to memo 27/16.

  131. Added ADM memos 24/16: Universal Credit, Social Fund Cold Weather Payments, changes to scheme for winter 2016/17, 25/16: Universal Credit - Work-related groups and final earnings and 26/16: Universal Credit - Tax-free childcare. And revised chapters A2, E1, H1, H2, J2, K1, K5 and L4 annotated to memos 24/16, 25/16 or 26/16.

  132. Replaced numerous chapters between A1 and P5. See October 2016 amendment PDF for full list of what's changed.

  133. Replaced ADM chapter P2 with revision to the descriptor log.

  134. Replaced ADM chapter P2 with revised version - numerous changes to the descriptor log.

  135. Added ADM memo 23/16: Further extension of digital claims. And revised chapters M3 and M5 annotated to memo 23/16.

  136. Added ADM memo 22/16: Universal Credit and Employment and Support Allowance - initiating and completing personal action.

  137. Replaced chapter C2 with correct version (updated on 9 September).

  138. Added new ADM memo 21/16: The past presence test and refugees and replaced chapter C2 annotated to new memo.

  139. Replaced ADM chapter P2 with revised version - replaced the descriptor log.

  140. Added ADM memo 20/16: Universal Credit - postgraduate master's degree loans.

  141. Added new chapters: ADM M5: Claims for Universal Credit – digital service area and ADM M6: Effects of transition to Universal Credit – digital service area.

  142. Added ADM memo 19/16: Changes to sanctions and hardship provisions, July 2016 (UC, JSA, ESA).

  143. Replaced ADM R2 with revised version. Some contents of S2 had been added to R2 and have been removed.

  144. Deleted out of date memos: 1, 4 and 7/15 and 2, 3, 5, 6 and 9/16.

  145. Added new memos 15 to 18/16. And revised numerous chapters. See June 2016 amendment PDF for full list of what's changed.

  146. Replaced chapter P2: Assessment for PIP - the new version has revisions to the descriptor log activities.

  147. Added ADM memo 14/16 and revised memos 16/14, 4/15 and 15/15 and revised chapter M3 annotated to memo 14/16.

  148. Added memo 13/16 and replaced chapter R2 annotated to memo.

  149. Added memo 12/16 and replaced chapter E1 and F3 annotated to memo.

  150. Replaced ADM Chapter P2 with revised version - updated activity 9 in descriptor log.

  151. Deleted out of date ADM memo 14/15 and replaced ADM Chapter P2 with revised version - updated descriptor log.

  152. Added ADM memo 10/16 and replaced memos 4/15, 15/15, 22/15, 1/16 and chapter M3, all annotated to memo 10/16. Also added ADM memo 11/16 and replaced chapters B2, E5, H5 and L3, annotated to memo 11/16.

  153. Added memo 9/16 and replaced chapter P5 annotated to memo.

  154. Added memos 7/16 (replaced chapters G3 and U2 annotated to memo) and 8/16.

  155. Added amended chapter P2: changes to descriptor 6 - Dressing and undressing.

  156. Added memos 4/16 (replaced chapter C1 annotated to memo), 5/16 ( replaced chapters K1 ,2 and 5 annotated to memo) and 6/16 (replaced chapters F4 and M4 annotated to memo).

  157. Revised numerous chapters. See February 2016 amendment PDF for full list of what's changed.

  158. Replaced chapter P2: deleted examples in paragraph 2065 and amended descriptor log in activity 4.

  159. Deleted out of date memos: 6/15 and 23/15.

  160. Added new memos 1/16: UC, further extension of digital claims, 2/16: UC, work allowance and 3/16: UC, childcare costs. Replaced memos 4/15, 15/15 and 22/15 and chapters E2, F7 and M3 annotated with reference to new memos.

  161. Replaced chapter P2 with revisions to the descriptor log.

  162. Replaced chapter P2 with further revisions to the descriptor log.

  163. Replaced chapter P2 with revisions to descriptor log.

  164. Published ADM memos 22/15 and 23/15.

  165. Replaced chapter P2 with revisions to descriptor logs 4, 6 and 7.

  166. Added ADM memos 20/15: Deciding the competent state to pay cash sickness benefits and 21/15: Action to take once competency has been decided and revised chapter C2 annotated with these memos.

  167. Replaced numerous chapters. See October 2015 amendment PDF for full list of what's changed.

  168. Added ADM memo 18/15 and revised chapter M4 annotated with memo 18/15.

  169. Added new memo 17/15. Replaced chapter L4: Changes to weather stations and postcode districts relating to Social Fund Cold Weather Payments.

  170. Replaced chapter P2: revision to format of all PIP descriptors at end of chapter.

  171. Added new memos 15 and 16/15. Replaced memos 14 to 16, 23, 26/14 and 1 and 4/15. Replaced chapters ME1, ME2, J2, J3 and M3.

  172. Deleted out of date memos: 18/14, 21/14, 22/14, 3/15, 9/15 and 12/15.

  173. Replaced numerous chapters. See June 2015 amendment PDF for full list of what's changed.

  174. Published revised chapters C1 and J2 annotated with new memo 14/15.

  175. Deleted out of date memos: 2/14, 5/14, 10/14, 11/14, 20/14.

  176. Published revised chapters A3, A4, E1, H1, H2, H5, H6, R2, S2, U2, U7 and V5 annotated with new relevant memos 7 to 13/15. Also added new chapter V6.

  177. Published ADM memos 7 to 13/15.

  178. Added memo 6/2015 and replaced chapters S2 and V4 with revised versions annotated with new memo.

  179. Replaced numerous chapters. See February 2015 amendment PDF for full list of what's changed.

  180. Added new memos 4 and 5/15. Replaced memos 1/15, 14, 15 and 23/14 and chapters J3 and M3 annotated to new memos.

  181. Added memo 3/15 and replaced ch H3, S2 and V4 annotated to new memo.

  182. Published ADM memos 1 and 2/2015.

  183. Replaced chapters A2, E2, E4, G1, L2 and U2 with revised versions annotated to memos 27 and 28/14.

  184. Added memos 27/14: Marriage of same sex couples - further changes and 28/14: UC and ESA - activity 1 and use of manual wheelchair.

  185. Published revised chapters A2, D2, E2, F1, F7, H2 to H5, J3, M3 and M4 annotated to new memos 23 to 26/14.

  186. Deleted out of date memos 1, 3 and 9/14.

  187. Added memo 22/14 and revised chapters R2 and U1, annotated to new memo.

  188. Added memos 20 and 21/14 and revised chapters L4 and U2, annotated to new memos.

  189. Added memo 19/14: Universal Credit, amendments to transitional provisions - and made related changes to chapters M24 and V8.

  190. Added memo 18/14: UC and ESA: Activity 5(d).

  191. Replaced numerous chapters. See October 2014 amendment PDF for full list of what's changed.

  192. Added memo 16/14 - Universal Credit - further extension of relevant districts. Replaced chapter M3 - annotated with references to memo 16/14.

  193. Added memo 15/14 - Universal Credit - further changes to the gateway conditions. Replaced chapter M3 - annotated with references to memo 15/14.

  194. Published ADM memo 14/14 and see June 2014 amendment PDF, which lists the revised chapters and their amendments.

  195. Replaced ADM P2 with revised version that includes PIP activities.

  196. Added ADM memos 12/14: Pathfinder group savings and 13/14: Deductions in respect of CSM – Fees UC, JSA and ESA.

  197. Published chapters M3 - Gateway Conditions Pathfinder Group - claims for UC from 16 June 14 and M4 - Gateway Conditions Pathfinder Group - effects of transition to UC 16 June 14.

  198. Added memo 10/14 - Misc amendments April 2014.

  199. Added ADM memo 11/14 - ESA - Appeals against time limit decisions.

  200. Added memo 8/14 - UC and ESA - recording of limited capability for work scores.

  201. Replaced chapters F1, J2 and U4 with revised versions annotated with reference to memo 9/14 - Work-related groups and responsible carers.

  202. Added memo 9/14 - Work-related groups and responsible carers.

  203. Replaced chapter A5 with revised version with new appendix 2 added.

  204. Deleted out of date memos 1/13 to 10/13. Added revised chapters A2, E2, E4, F1 to 7, H3, H6, L2, R1, S2, S3 and V5 with annotations to memos 5 and 6.

  205. Added memo 7/14 - UC and ESA - sensory impairment activities.

  206. Added memos 5/14: Rates for Income Tax, UC benefit rates, social security contributions and increases of employment rights limits from April 2014 and 6/14: Housing costs element – adapting a dwelling.

  207. Added ADM memo 4/14: Marriage of same sex couples.

  208. See February 2014 amendment PDF, which lists the revised chapters and their amendments.

  209. Added ADM memos 2/14 - Guidance on higher-level sanction following re-award of UC and 3/14 - ESA - good cause. Also added revised chapters - A2, J2, J3, K3 and U2, referring to guidance in ADM memos 2 and 3/14.

  210. Amended ChM1 with added Universal Credit – further extension of relevant districts and link to memo 1/14.

  211. Added ADM memo 10/13.

  212. Added ADM memos 8 and 9.

  213. Amended - Ch D1 - with further clarification of the guidance relating to the imposition of Civil Penalties and Ch E2 - to clarify certain aspects surrounding initial assessment periods.

  214. ADM Memo 06/13: Change to introduction of Personal Independence Payment published.

  215. Added memo 4 - Personal Independent Payment intro and memo 5 - Universal Credit: Pathfinder changes.

  216. Added Ch L2 - Sure Start Maternity Grants, Ch L3 - Funeral Payments and Ch L4 - Cold Weather Payments.

  217. First published.