Collection

Tuberculosis (TB) and other mycobacterial diseases: diagnosis, screening, management and data

Tuberculosis (TB) diagnosis, screening, epidemiology and strategy.

Tuberculosis (TB) is an infection caused by a bacterium belonging to the Mycobacterium tuberculosis complex, which includes:

  • M. tuberculosis
  • M. africanum
  • M. bovis
  • some rare bacteria such as M. microti and M pinnipedii

TB is a notifiable disease in the UK. Suspected and confirmed diseases must be notified within 3 working days.

For symptoms and general information on tuberculosis, visit NHS choices

Screening

  1. Tuberculosis screening

    • Detailed guide
  2. Tuberculosis (TB) screening for the UK: leaflet

    • Promotional material
  3. Tuberculosis: pre-entry screening in the UK

    • Guidance

Treatment, management and vaccination

Standard anti-TB treatment consists of a combination of 4 different antibiotics, usually taken daily for a minimum 6-month period. See National Institute for Health and Care Excellence (NICE) guidelines on treatment of TB.

The BCG vaccine is recommended for high risk groups such as healthcare workers and babies at increased risk of exposure to TB infection.

See the chapter about tuberculosis (TB) immunisation in Immunisation against infectious disease: the Green Book.

  1. Managing tuberculosis (TB) in prisons

    • Guidance
  2. TB, BCG and your baby leaflet

    • Promotional material
  3. Tuberculosis: the disease, its treatment and prevention

    • Promotional material
  4. Tuberculosis (TB) by country: rates per 100,000 people

    • Research and analysis

NKS-TB treatment and management advice

The national knowledge service - tuberculosis (NKS-TB) provides guidance for health professionals who treat and manage TB in patients.

To view patient resources developed by NKS-TB visit NHS Choices

  1. Tuberculosis (TB) in the workplace

    • Guidance
  2. Tuberculosis (TB) and homelessness

    • Guidance
  3. Tuberculosis (TB) and substance misuse

    • Guidance
  4. Tuberculosis (TB) and asylum seekers

    • Guidance
  5. Tuberculosis (TB) and children

    • Guidance
  6. Universal HIV testing for TB patients

    • Guidance
  7. Tuberculosis and pregnant women

    • Guidance
  8. Tuberculosis (TB): information for discipline and wing staff

    • Guidance
  9. Tuberculosis (TB): molecular diagnosis

    • Guidance

Epidemiology

Public Health England runs enhanced tuberculosis surveillance (ETS) for real-time case reporting. ETS also has laboratory data on drug sensitivity, species and strain typing.

  1. Reports of cases of tuberculosis to enhanced tuberculosis surveillance systems: UK, 2000 to 2014

    • Official Statistics
  2. Tuberculosis in England: annual report

    • Research and analysis
  3. Tuberculosis (TB) in England: surveillance data

    • Research and analysis
  4. Tuberculosis (TB): annual notification and mortality data (1913 onwards)

    • Research and analysis
  5. Reports of cases of tuberculosis to the National Enhanced Tuberculosis Surveillance System: 2004 to 2013

    • Official Statistics
  6. Tuberculosis (TB) in the UK: annual report

    • Research and analysis
  7. UK tuberculosis (TB) surveillance data

    • Official Statistics
  8. Tuberculosis (TB): annual update

    • Research and analysis
  9. Tuberculosis (TB): regional reports

    • Research and analysis

National tuberculosis strain typing service

The national strain typing service involves prospectively typing TB isolates using 24 loci mycobacterial interspersed repeat units - variable number tandem repeats (MIRU-VNTR). The results of this are used in local or national investigation of suspected TB transmission incidents.

  1. National TB strain typing service: what we do

    • Detailed guide
  2. National TB strain typing service: factsheet

    • Guidance
  3. M. tuberculosis strain typing: data production and distribution

    • Guidance
  4. National TB strain typing service: summary report

    • Guidance
  5. TB strain typing and cluster investigation: handbook

    • Guidance
  6. Enhanced TB surveillance strain typing module: user guide

    • Guidance
  7. Tuberculosis (TB) strain typing service: evaluation

    • Guidance

Strategy

Subscribe to the TB Strategy Implementation Update for progress on the TB strategy.

  1. Tuberculosis (TB): collaborative strategy for England

    • Policy paper

Mycobacterium bovis

Read how the government is working to reduce and then eradicate bovine tuberculosis (TB) by providing research, advice, guidance and controls.

  1. Mycobacterium bovis (M. bovis) tuberculosis: annual data

    • Research and analysis
  2. Mycobacterium bovis (M. bovis) tuberculosis: data by age group

    • Research and analysis
  3. Mycobacterium bovis (M. bovis) in humans: cases by age group and place of birth

    • Research and analysis
  4. Mycobacterium bovis (M. bovis): enhanced surveillance questionnaire

    • Form
  5. Bovine tuberculosis (TB): public health management

    • Guidance
  6. Mycobacterium bovis (M. bovis): reducing the risk of human infection

    • Guidance
  7. Bovine tuberculosis (TB) in domestic pets

    • Guidance