Each year the Department for Energy Security and Net Zero (DESNZ) publishes updated energy projections (UEPs), analysing and projecting future energy use and greenhouse gas emissions in the UK. These projections allow us to monitor progress towards meeting the UK’s carbon budgets and are used to inform energy policy and associated analytical work across government departments.
The projections are based on assumptions of future economic growth, fossil fuel prices, electricity generation costs, UK population and other key variables regularly updated. They also give an indication of the impact of the uncertainty around some of these input assumptions.
Each set of projections takes account of climate change policies where funding has been agreed and where decisions on policy design are sufficiently advanced to allow robust estimates of policy impacts to be made.
Updated energy and emissions projections
Annual projections of greenhouse gas emissions and energy demand.