Advice and suggestions for how to carry out this item
The following section gives advice on carrying out this item successfully but does not form part of the requirements for this item.
Choose the right style for the wall
Restore the wall so that it matches the stone types and wall styles in the immediate area. There can be distinctive local variations, often in relatively small areas. The style is determined by the composition, shape and size of the stone used and the way it can be split and shaped. Using the right type of stone will ensure that the required style can be matched.
Restoring the wall
Agreement holders are advised to:
dismantle the existing structure by hand, separating and sorting copings (covering stones), through stones and building stones for reuse
lay stones level and pack under each one so that it will not move
if using filling, always bring up the level of the middle of the wall for each course before going to the next one - it should not be possible to see daylight through the wall
place through stones where the wall is double-faced (they cannot stick out more than 15cm), so weight and stresses are spread evenly
place stones next to each other so they touch as much as possible, covering joints below as you build (for example 1 stone on 2, then 2 stones on 1)
place each stone with its length reaching well into the wall, not along the outside
pack coping stones (stones placed along the top of the wall, ‘capping’ it) as firmly as possible to tie the whole wall together
finish the entrances and wall ends with a well-built cheek end
The sides of the wall should slant evenly on both sides, creating an even ‘batter’ from a wide base to a narrower top of the wall. Avoid creating bulges as it weakens the wall and may cause collapse.