It is available for Mid Tier, Higher Tier and Hedgerows and Boundaries grants on walls where at least one-third of the original height has to be dismantled and rebuilt in order to complete the restoration.
Where this item cannot be used
On walls that are in receipt of stone wall protection and maintenance (EB11) or stone wall protection and maintenance on or above the moorland line (UB11) under live ELS or UELS agreements.
How this item will benefit the environment
There will be a rebuilt stone wall which will help to control livestock and conserve traditional landscapes.
rebuild walls to their original height in the local style - refer to the height and style of other stone walls nearby that are in good condition
dismantle (by hand) the existing structure back to a sound construction
rebuild the wall so there is an even top line, a consistent batter (slope), and no bulges or depressions along the face of the wall
add a filling of solid rocks with each course where it is part of the traditional construction
keep all existing wall-side trees and saplings. A wall-side tree is one that forms part of the boundary feature or is attached to it such that livestock do not pass between it and the wall
make stockproof (with wooden rails) any gaps left in the wall to allow for tree growth
rebuild stone features into the wall such as sheep creeps, troughs and stiles
use original stone where it is available
make sure imported stone matches the ones traditional to the area in type, size and style
haul stone only when ground conditions are firm enough to prevent damage to the fields next to the wall
remove any leftover materials used to complete the wall from the site, and restore the ground where you have carried out the work
disturb foundation stones unless it is necessary to create a firm base
use topsoil, earth, sand or fine gravel as filling between courses
use concrete or mortar
take stone from other walls, banks or buildings on the holding
place stone on features of archaeological, historic or wildlife value as identified on the Farm Environment Record (FER), Environmental Information Map or Historic Environment Farm Environmental Record (HEFER) (where applicable)
You must send the following with your application:
a map showing the location of any wall-side trees, saplings and stone features (this can be the FER)
You must keep the following records and supply them with your payment claim:
photographs of the completed work
You must keep the following records and supply them on request:
any consents or permissions connected with the work
receipted invoices, or bank statements where a receipted invoice is unavailable
photographs of each length of wall to be restored before work starts
Advice and suggestions for how to carry out this item
The following advice is helpful, but they are not requirements for this item.
Choose the right style for the wall
Restore the wall so that it matches the stone types and wall styles in the immediate area. There can be distinctive local variations, often in relatively small areas. The style is determined by the composition, shape and size of the stone used and the way it can be split and shaped. Using the right type of stone will make sure that you can match the required style.
Restoring the wall
dismantle the existing structure by hand, separating and sorting copings (covering stones), through stones and building stones for reuse
lay stones level and pack under each one so that it will not move
if using filling, always bring up the level of the middle of the wall for each course before going to the next one - it should not be possible to see daylight through the wall
place through stones where the wall is double-faced (they cannot stick out more than 15 centimetres (cm), so weight and stresses are spread evenly
place stones next to each other so they touch as much as possible, covering joints below as you build (for example 1 stone on 2, then 2 stones on 1)
place each stone with its length reaching well into the wall, not along the outside
pack coping stones (stones placed along the top of the wall, ‘capping’ it) as firmly as possible to tie the whole wall together
finish the entrances and wall ends with a well-built cheek end
The sides of the wall should slant evenly on both sides, creating an even ‘batter’ from a wide base to a narrower top of the wall. Avoid creating bulges as it weakens the wall and may cause collapse.