There are 4 subcategories of mopeds and motorcycles.
In both tests you must use:
- the same subcategory as the licence you’re applying for
- a vehicle with the same type of transmission (manual, automatic or semi-automatic)
|Subcategory||Moped, tricycle or quad bike||Light motorcycle||Standard motorcycle||Unrestricted motorcycle|
|Minimum age of rider||16||17||19||24|
|Engine capacity||Up to 50cc||120 to 125cc||At least 395cc||At least 595cc|
|Maximum speed||Up to 28mph||55mph or above||-||-|
|Engine power||-||Up to 11kW||20 to 35kW||At least 40kW|
|Power to weight ratio||-||-||Up to 0.2 kW/kg||-|
|Power to weight ratio if you use a sidecar||-||Up to 0.16kW/kg||-||Up to 0.16kW/kg|
Rules about your motorcycle or moped
The motorcycle or moped you use for your tests must:
- be a solo machine - you can only use a sidecar if you have certain disabilities
- have a speedometer measuring speed in miles per hour (mph)
- display L plates (‘L’ or ‘D’ plates in Wales) on the front and rear
- be insured, taxed and roadworthy and have no engine warning lights showing
Read the list of A2 and A motorcycles that can be used for riding tests.
Automatic and semi-automatic motorcycles
If you pass your tests on a motorcycle with automatic or semi-automatic transmission you’ll only get a licence for those types of motorcycle.
Engines with restricted power
If you restrict the engine power of a motorcycle to subcategory A2, the restricted power must be at least half the unrestricted power.
You must bring proof if you’ve restricted a motorcycle to subcategory A2 - if you don’t your test will be cancelled.
The proof must:
- be on headed paper
- be from a main dealer, official importer or recognised specialist
- show the motorcycle’s registration number
You can’t use a dyno test certificate as proof of the restriction.
Motorcycles with sidecars
You can only use a motorcycle with a sidecar for your tests if you have certain disabilities. You can’t have a passenger in the sidecar during the tests.
Your licence will only let you ride motorcycles with sidecars.
Motorcycles with variable power modes
If you’re using a switchable engine control unit (ECU) or variable power device, your motorcycle can’t have:
- interchangeable carburettor heads
- an exhaust manifold restrictor
- a hidden ECU - it must be clear what power mode the motorcycle is in