Whether you qualify for legal aid will depend on:
- the type of case
- your financial circumstances
Civil (non-criminal) cases
Civil cases include things like debt, family or housing problems. To get legal aid, you usually need to show you can’t afford to pay for legal costs and your problem is serious.
You’ll usually have to give details and evidence of your income, benefits, savings and property, and those of your partner. If you’re under 18, you may need to give information about your parents’ or guardians’ income.
Your financial situation isn’t taken into account for cases about:
- mental health tribunals
- children in care
- child abduction
You may also have to provide evidence about your problem, eg in a divorce case, by providing a court order or GP letter showing that you or your child have been a victim of abuse.
Check if you qualify for legal aid to get help with civil cases.
Paying the costs of your case
Legal aid might not cover all the costs of your case. You may have to:
- pay some of the costs upfront
- pay back some of the cost if you win money or property from your case
Read about paying for legal aid.
The Legal Aid Agency (LAA) will make a charge or claim – known as the ‘statutory charge’ – on any money or property you win. If this is your home, payment can be deferred and the debt placed as a charge on your home (similar to a mortgage).
Your legal adviser will explain how this works.
Contact the LAA’s Land Charge Department to discuss how to pay.
If legal aid is withdrawn, you may have to repay the full legal costs.
You have the right to free legal advice if you’re questioned at a police station.
You’ll automatically get legal aid for legal representation in court if you’re under 16 (or under 18 and in full-time education) or on certain benefits.
Alternatives to legal aid
If you can’t get legal aid, you may be able to get free advice from:
You can also pay for advice from a local legal adviser or solicitor.