Find out which new trade agreements will be in place if there's a no-deal Brexit.
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The UK will leave the EU on 31 October. This page tells you how to prepare for Brexit. It will be updated if anything changes, including if a deal is agreed.
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Trade agreements that the UK is part of as an EU member state will no longer apply if there’s a no-deal Brexit.
The UK government is working on new agreements to replace EU trade agreements after Brexit.
This page lists trade agreements that:
- have been signed and will take effect as soon as the UK leaves the EU
- are still under discussion
Some new agreements will not be in place before the UK leaves the EU. Trade will then take place on World Trade Organization (WTO) terms.
Trade agreements that have been signed
Agreements with the following countries and trading blocs will take effect when the UK leaves the EU:
- Andean countries
- CARIFORUM trade bloc
- Central America
- Eastern and Southern Africa (ESA) trade bloc
- Faroe Islands
- Iceland and Norway
- Pacific states
- Palestinian Authority
- Southern Africa Customs Union and Mozambique (SACU+M) trade bloc
- South Korea
The SACU+M trade bloc countries are:
- Eswatini (Swaziland)
- South Africa (expected to sign shortly)
Trade agreements still in discussion
The agreements still under discussion are listed below.
If the UK leaves the EU without these agreements in place trade with these countries will take place under WTO rules.
|Country or bloc||Nature of agreement||Status of discussions||Percentage of total UK trade, 2018|
|Albania (Western Balkans)||Association agreement||Engagement ongoing||0.00%|
|Algeria||Association agreement||Engagement ongoing (agreement unlikely before exit day)||0.21%|
|Andorra||Customs union||Will not be signed for exit day||0.03%|
|San Marino||Customs union||Will not be signed for exit day||0.00%|
|Bosnia & Herzegovina (Western Balkans)||Association agreement||Engagement ongoing||0.01%|
|Cameroon (Central Africa)||Economic partnership agreement||Engagement ongoing||0.01%|
|Canada||Free trade agreement||Engagement ongoing||1.41%|
|Côte d’Ivoire||Economic partnership agreement||Engagement ongoing||0.03%|
|Egypt||Association agreement||Engagement ongoing||0.23%|
|Georgia||Association agreement||Engagement ongoing||0.01%|
|Ghana (Western Africa)||Economic partnership agreement||Engagement ongoing||0.09%|
|Japan||Free trade agreement||Engagement ongoing (agreement will not be transitioned before exit day)||2.27%|
|Jordan||Association agreement||Engagement ongoing||0.03%|
|Kenya (EAC)||Economic partnership agreement||Engagement ongoing||0.10%|
|Kosovo||Association agreement||Engagement ongoing||0.00%|
|Mexico||Free trade agreement||Engagement ongoing||0.34%|
|Moldova||Association agreement||Engagement ongoing||0.05%|
|Montenegro (Western Balkans)||Stabilisation and association agreement||Engagement ongoing||0.01%|
|Morocco||Association agreement||Engagement ongoing||0.17%|
|North Macedonia (Western Balkans)||Association agreement||Engagement ongoing||0.16%|
|Serbia (Western Balkans)||Association agreement||Engagement ongoing||0.04%|
|Turkey||Customs union||Will not be signed for exit day||1.37%|
|Ukraine||Association agreement||Engagement ongoing||0.10%|
Mutual recognition agreements
Discussions with Japan on a UK-Japan MRA are ongoing. The UK and Japan have signed an exchange of letters designed to ensure the continuity of existing arrangements as a temporary measure.
A mutual recognition agreement is one in which countries recognise one another’s conformity assessments. When conformity assessments are applied to products, they are tested to an established performance standard. Inspections, quality management, surveillance, accreditation and declarations of conformity also take place.