Guidance

Moving to the UK after Brexit: EU citizens and their families

Guidance on the immigration arrangements for EU, EEA and Swiss citizens and their family members who move to the UK after Brexit if the UK leaves the EU without a deal.

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European temporary leave to remain (Euro TLR) is a temporary UK immigration status that will allow EU, EEA and Swiss citizens who move to the UK after Brexit to continue living, working and studying in the UK after 31 December 2020.

You’ll be able to live, work and study in the UK as you do now until 31 December 2020 if you’re an EU, EEA or Swiss citizen.

Applying for European temporary leave to remain

You’ll need to apply for Euro TLR, or under the future immigration system, if you want to stay in the UK after 31 December 2020.

You’ll be able to apply for Euro TLR when the scheme opens after the UK leaves the EU without a deal.

The deadline for applications will be 31 December 2020.

Your application will be free of charge.

The application form will be online. You’ll need to prove your identity and declare any criminal convictions during your application.

Your rights and status

You’ll receive a temporary immigration status that will allow you to stay in the UK for 36 months from the date it is granted if your application is successful. You’ll be given a digital status.

You’ll be able to prove your right to work and rent property using your EU passport or identity card until 31 December 2020. You can also choose to use your digital status to show that you have European temporary leave to remain.

You’ll need to prove your rights using your digital status from January 2021.

You’ll be able to:

  • work in the UK
  • use the NHS
  • enrol in education or continue studying
  • access public funds such as benefits and pensions, if you’re eligible for them
  • travel in and out of the UK

Who needs to apply?

You’ll need to apply if you want to stay in the UK after 31 December 2020 and:

  • are an EU, EEA or Swiss citizen
  • move to the UK after the UK leaves the EU

You will not be eligible for Euro TLR if you are a serious or persistent criminal or a threat to national security.

Irish citizens are not eligible to apply for European temporary leave to remain as their status in the UK is already protected. They’ll continue to have the right to enter, live, work and study in the UK under Common Travel Area arrangements.

You may also be able to apply under the future immigration system.

Family members of EU, EEA or Swiss citizens

Non-EU, EEA or Swiss close family members of EU, EEA or Swiss citizens will be able to apply for European temporary leave to remain. Close family members are spouses, partners and dependent children under 18.

They will be able to apply once their EU, EEA or Swiss citizen family member has applied for Euro TLR . They will apply in the same way as EU, EEA and Swiss citizens but will need to provide additional information.

They will be able to stay in the UK until the Euro TLR granted to their EU, EEA or Swiss citizen family member expires.

If you’re living in the UK before the UK leaves the EU

You may be able to apply to the EU Settlement Scheme if you moved to the UK before the UK leaves the EU.

EU, EEA or Swiss citizens and their families will be able to remain in the UK indefinitely if they are granted settled status under the scheme.

Published 28 January 2019
Last updated 30 October 2019 + show all updates
  1. Updated to clarify the status of Irish citizens: Irish citizens are not eligible to apply for European temporary leave to remain as their status in the UK is already protected.
  2. Updated to include reference to the future immigration system
  3. Guidance updated following government announcement
  4. Updated to include Swiss citizens
  5. First published.