Guidance

Ebola and Marburg haemorrhagic fevers: outbreaks and case locations

Information about incidents and outbreaks of Ebola and Marburg, both viral haemorrhagic fevers (VHF).

Current incidents and outbreaks

On 1 August 2018, an outbreak of Ebola virus disease was confirmed in North-Kivu Province, Democratic Republic of Congo (DRC). This outbreak is now the second largest to have occurred. As of 29 November 2018, a total of 426 cases (379 confirmed and 47 probable) including 242 deaths, have been reported. Most of the cases (404 of 426) are in North-Kivu, particularly in Beni city, as shown on this WHO map. The remainder are in neighbouring Ituri Province. Suspected cases continue to be detected and followed up on a daily basis. The Ministry of Health in DRC posts daily epidemiological updates (in French).

The affected areas are subject to conflict and a prolonged humanitarian crisis with very large numbers of displaced people. Cross-border movement of people and trade occurs with both Rwanda and Uganda.

This outbreak presents a negligible to very low risk to the UK public.

On 8 May 2018, WHO reported an Ebola virus disease outbreak in DRC’s Equateur Province. There were 54 cases (38 confirmed and 16 probable), and the outbreak was declared over on 24 July 2018.

Outbreaks in 2017

A Marburg virus outbreak in Kween district, eastern Uganda, was confirmed on 17 October 2017. The 3 cases all died and WHO declared the outbreak over on 8 December 2017.

An Ebola virus outbreak in Bas-Uele province, DRC was detected in early May 2017 but was rapidly contained. There were a total of 8 cases of which 5 were laboratory confirmed. 4 patients died. The WHO declared the outbreak over on 2 July 2017.

West Africa Ebola outbreak, 2014 to 2016

WHO confirmed an outbreak of Ebola virus disease in southeastern Guinea in March 2014. This was the first time an outbreak had been diagnosed in this part of Africa, and the index case was traced back to December 2013.

The outbreak spread to neighbouring and nearby countries, particularly Liberia and Sierra Leone, and became the largest ever known outbreak of this disease. It continued for over 2 years and a total of 28,616 confirmed, probable and suspected cases were reported in Guinea, Liberia and Sierra Leone, with 11,310 deaths.

See final WHO Ebola situation report June 2016

Linked Ebola outbreaks and cases in other countries (2014 to 2015)

  • Mali: 2 importations leading to a total of 8 cases

  • Nigeria: 20 cases in Lagos and Port Harcourt, following an initial importation from Liberia

  • Senegal: a single case imported from Guinea

  • Italy: one case in a returning healthcare worker

  • Spain: one case in a healthcare worker involved in the care of patients repatriated from West Africa

  • United Kingdom: a case was imported into Scotland in December 2014. The patient was a healthcare worker who had been working in an Ebola treatment centre in Sierra Leone

  • United States: a single EVD case was imported from Liberia into Texas in September 2014. Transmission to 2 healthcare workers subsequently occurred. A further case of EVD was confirmed in a humanitarian aid worker who returned from Guinea in October 2014

Historic map of outbreaks

This map includes all cases and outbreaks of Ebola or Marburg documented to 31 December 2016. See further information on historical outbreaks of Ebola virus and Marburg virus.

Ebola and Marburg cases in Africa

See full size map showing locations of all known cases and outbreaks in Africa to December 2016 (JPEG, 93.6KB)

Published 23 March 2014
Last updated 30 November 2018 + show all updates
  1. Updated case numbers for Ebola outbreak in Democratic Republic of Congo (DRC).
  2. Updated case numbers for Ebola outbreak in Democratic Republic of Congo (DRC).
  3. Updated page with case numbers for Ebola outbreak in North-Kivu Province, Democratic Republic of Congo (DRC).
  4. Updated case numbers for the Ebola outbreak in DRC.
  5. Updated Ebola case numbers in DRC.
  6. Updated Ebola case numbers in DRC.
  7. Updated Ebola case numbers in DRC.
  8. Updated with new Ebola outbreak information.
  9. Updated Ebola case numbers in DRC.
  10. Updated Ebola case numbers in DRC.
  11. Updated case numbers for Ebola outbreak in the Democratic Republic of Congo.
  12. Update on Ebola virus outbreak in Democratic Republic of Congo.
  13. Update on Ebola virus outbreak in Democratic Republic of Congo.
  14. Added details of new Ebola virus disease outbreak in the Democratic Republic of Congo.
  15. Updated because the Marburg outbreak has been declared over.
  16. Updated with Marburg virus outbreak in Uganda.
  17. Updated 'current incidents and outbreaks' section as Ebola outbreak in the Democratic Republic of Congo declared over.
  18. Updated with newly confirmed outbreak in Democratic Republic of Congo.
  19. Updated to reflect the current situation, and content reorganised.
  20. Update with new situations in Guinea, Liberia and Sierra Leone.
  21. Updated, and summarised text describing the West Africa outbreaks.
  22. Updated with information on Liberia.
  23. Updated with latest information.
  24. Updated with current information.
  25. Updated with latest information.
  26. Updated with current information on the Ebola outbreak in West Africa.
  27. Updated with current information on the Ebola outbreak in West Africa, including the new cases in Liberia.
  28. This page was updated with current information on the Ebola outbreak in West Africa.
  29. Updated information on recent incidents and outbreaks.
  30. Updated information on outbreaks and case locations.
  31. Updated information on outbreaks and case locations.
  32. Updated with cases reported in the past week.
  33. Updated information on outbreaks and case locations.
  34. Updated information on outbreaks and case locations.
  35. Updated outbreaks and case locations.
  36. Updated map link and links to additional disease guides.
  37. Updated with current figures and situation
  38. First published.