This research comprised a quantitative survey of teachers and qualitative research with schools, pupils and parents/carers.
The English Baccalaureate (EBacc) is not a qualification in itself, but it is the term applied to the achievement of GCSEs at grades A* to C across a core of academic subjects; English, maths, history or geography, the sciences and a language.
Ipsos MORI was commissioned by the DfE to carry out research on the effects of the EBacc, which was introduced as a measure in the 2010 school performance tables.
The quantitative survey of teachers largely repeated a survey of teachers conducted in 2011 and, where possible, comparisons are made across the two survey years.
The current research included a quantitative mixed mode (telephone and online) survey of teachers with some involvement in year 9 GCSE choices, qualitative case study work with teachers and Year 9 pupils, and qualitative telephone interviews with parents/carers.