© Crown copyright 2017
This publication is licensed under the terms of the Open Government Licence v3.0 except where otherwise stated. To view this licence, visit nationalarchives.gov.uk/doc/open-government-licence/version/3 or write to the Information Policy Team, The National Archives, Kew, London TW9 4DU, or email: firstname.lastname@example.org.
Where we have identified any third party copyright information you will need to obtain permission from the copyright holders concerned.
This publication is available at https://www.gov.uk/government/publications/english-baccalaureate-ebacc/english-baccalaureate-ebacc
The EBacc refers to a combination of subjects that the government thinks is important for young people to study at GCSE.
- English language and literature
- the sciences
- geography or history
- a language
A study by the Sutton Trust reveals that studying the EBacc can help improve a young person’s performance in English and maths.
Research by the UCL Institute of Education shows that taking the EBacc enhances prospects for entering further education or employment.
How schools are measured
The government’s ambition is to see 90% of GCSE pupils choosing the EBacc subject combination by 2025.
Secondary schools are measured on the number of pupils that take GCSEs in these core subjects. Schools are also measured on how well their pupils do in these subjects.
For 2017, the attainment measure shows how many pupils achieved both:
- a grade 5 or above in English and maths GCSE
- a grade C or above in science, a language, and geography or history
Changes to the attainment measure in 2018
The attainment measure will change to a school’s EBacc average point score for the results of exams taken in 2018 onwards.
To calculate a school’s EBacc average point score we will:
- add together the EBacc average point score for all pupils at the end of key stage 4
- divide by the number of pupils in the group
To calculate a pupil’s average point score we will:
- take an average of the points scored in the 5 EBacc subject areas
To count towards the English part of the EBacc, pupils need to take both English literature and English language GCSE exams.
For exams taken in 2018 onwards, pupils will need to take one of the following options:
GCSE combined science – pupils take 2 GCSEs that cover the 3 main sciences, biology, chemistry, and physics
3 single sciences at GCSE – pupils choose 3 subjects from biology, chemistry, physics, and computer science
After the 2017 summer exam series, core and additional, and dual and double award science will no longer count towards the EBacc.
To count towards the EBacc measure, qualifications must be included in the approved list of the qualifications.