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This publication is available at https://www.gov.uk/government/publications/partnership-pack-preparing-for-a-no-deal-eu-exit/traders-importing-plants-and-plant-products-from-the-eu-what-to-expect-on-day-one-of-a-no-deal-scenario
Currently, there are no border controls on most imports of plants and plant products between the UK and the EU.
Some plants and plant products that present a higher biosecurity risk are managed under the EU plant passport regime.
How the process will change
If the UK leaves the EU without a deal, the UK will become a third country, but as the majority of plants and plant products from the EU are low-risk, they will continue to enter the UK freely, as they do now.
There will be some exceptions
Plants and plant products managed under the EU plant passport regime
Plants and plant products currently managed under the EU plant passport regime will be subject to UK import controls to replace the assurance and traceability offered by the EU plant passport regime, maintaining biosecurity while minimising the impact on businesses.
Consignments of these plants and plant products entering the UK will require a Phytosanitary Certificate (PC) issued in the country of export (or re-export), and you or your agent will need to inform the relevant plant health authority in the UK before the consignment arrived. Further details of how to inform the relevant plant health authority are available on GOV.UK.
You or your agent will also need to provide scanned copies of the PC and relevant documents in advance to the relevant UK plant health authority, and supply the original copy of the PC once the consignment has arrived.
Consignments of such plants and plant products from EU countries will not be stopped at the border. The relevant UK plant health authority will carry out documentary and identity checks remotely, and these checks will be charged for by the plant health authority.
As currently, plant health inspectors will continue to carry out follow-up inspections inland on a risk-targeted basis. The government does not charge for such inspections.
Plants and plant products moving within the UK
There will be a new UK plant passport regime. Plants and plant products currently covered by the EU plant passport regime when moved within the UK will be managed by the new UK regime. If you wish to move these plants and plant products within the UK you will need to be authorised by the relevant UK plant health authority to issue UK plant passports. You will need to issue plant passports when moving those plants and plant products within the UK.
Plants and plant products that come from non-EU countries, but travel to the UK via the EU without an EU country carrying out plant health checks
These commodities will be treated as non-EU imports and subject to third country controls on arrival in the UK.
Further details on current third country controls are available on GOV.UK.
Details on alternative arrangements for points of entry that do not have capacity to carry out third country controls at the border will be made available in due course
Things you can do now
If you expect to be importing from the EU after 29 March 2019, you should consider now the effect of a ‘no deal’ exit on your business:
- read the government’s existing guidance for importing outside of the EU, to familiarise yourself with the key processes. On GOV.UK, search for ‘Starting to import’ and then select ‘Importing from non-EU countries’
- take account of the volume of your trade with the EU and any potential supply chain impacts
- if necessary, put steps in place to renegotiate commercial terms to reflect any changes in customs and excise procedures, any additional requirements for checks and any new tariffs that may apply to UK-EU trade
- consider how you will submit customs declarations for EU trade, if required, including whether to engage a customs broker, freight forwarder or logistics provider or whether to get the right software and authorisations to do it yourself
- take account of the commodities you are trading with the EU. If you are importing goods currently managed under the EU Plant Passport regime, you will need to follow the process outlined above to import these goods from the EU on Day 1. Read a list of commodities managed under the EU Plant Passport regime
- consider the country of origin of commodities that you trade with the EU. If you currently bring in material from the EU that originates in third countries, it may require checks at the UK border in a ‘no deal’ scenario if plant health checks have not been carried out in the EU first. Read a list of commodities that are controlled from third countries and associated import requirements
- consider how you will notify the relevant UK plant health authority when you are importing controlled plant material from the EU. You will need to register on the PEACH IT system if you are bringing goods into the UK at a port in England or Wales. Read details of how to register
- take account of where your goods enter the UK. If you are bringing in controlled plant material from non-EU countries via a roll-on roll-off port, there may be alternative arrangements put in place to manage checks on this material. Further detail on any such requirements will be made available in due course, and you may wish to consider whether there are alternative routes that you could use
- take account of the commodities that you are moving within the UK. Where you currently move goods with a plant passport, you will need to replace references to ‘EU’ with ‘UK’ in plant passport documents. Some goods require plant passports for onward movements in the UK after import. Read more information on GOV.UK
- the passport rules for travel to most countries in Europe will change if the UK leaves the EU on 29 March 2019 without a deal. Read the government’s guidance on Travelling to the EU with a UK passport if there’s no Brexit deal and, if relevant, ensure your employees and customers are aware of the potential changes
- stay up-to-date with these changes by registering for email alerts. Follow the link, add your email address, select ‘submit’, select ‘Add subscription’ and choose ‘EU Exit’ then select ‘Submit’