© Crown copyright 2018
This publication is licensed under the terms of the Open Government Licence v3.0 except where otherwise stated. To view this licence, visit nationalarchives.gov.uk/doc/open-government-licence/version/3 or write to the Information Policy Team, The National Archives, Kew, London TW9 4DU, or email: firstname.lastname@example.org.
Where we have identified any third party copyright information you will need to obtain permission from the copyright holders concerned.
This publication is available at https://www.gov.uk/government/publications/partnership-pack-preparing-for-a-no-deal-eu-exit/traders-exporting-plants-and-plant-products-to-the-eu-what-to-expect-on-day-one-of-a-no-deal-scenario
Currently there are no border controls on most exports of plants and plant products between the UK and the EU.
Some plants and plant products that present a higher biosecurity risk are managed under the EU plant passport regime.
How the process will change
If the UK leaves the EU without a deal, the UK will become a third country, and will need to meet EU third country import requirements to export controlled plants and plant products to the EU, including controls on all plants for planting and all wood packaging material.
The process for sending controlled plants and plant products to the EU will be the same as the current process for sending them to third countries. Under this process, businesses need to apply for a Phytosanitary Certificate (PC) from the relevant UK plant health authority before they can export. Some commodities require laboratory testing of samples to ensure they are free from pests and diseases, while others also need to have had an inspection during the growing season.
These services are subject to fees and charges. More information about fees and charges is available on GOV.UK.
Consignments of controlled plants and plant products exported to the EU from the UK may be subject to checks at the EU border.
Exporting wood packaging material
Wood packaging material (WPM), including pallets, crates, boxes, cable drums, spools and dunnage, moving between the UK and the rest of the EU does not currently need to meet International Standard for Phytosanitary Measure No. 15 (ISPM15) requirements and can move freely without checks or controls. WPM moving in and out of Portugal and parts of Spain must conform to ISPM15 standards, owing to the presence of Pinewood nematode.
If the UK leaves the EU without a deal, all WPM moving between the UK and the EU will need to be ISPM15 compliant (treated and marked). These products may be subject to official checks either upon entry to the EU or after entry.
Actions you can take now
- Read the government’s existing guidance for exporting outside of the EU to familiarise yourself with the key processes. On GOV.UK, search for ‘Export goods’ and then select ‘Exporting goods outside the EU’.
- Find out what controls might apply to plants and plant products moving to the EU, and what you need to do to meet third country requirements, by visiting GOV.UK and reading the guidance on importing plants and plant products into the UK from third countries.
- Take account of the volume of your trade with the EU and any potential supply chain impacts.
- Consider how you will meet the EU requirements for exports from third countries. This may include requirements for testing in advance of export, and you may need to register with the relevant authority. Exporters in England and Wales may need to register for the eDomero IT system. You can find out more about how to meet EU requirements by contacting your local plant health inspector in the relevant UK plant health authority.
- Consider how you will submit customs declarations for EU trade, if required, including whether to engage a customs broker, freight forwarder or logistics provider or whether to get the right software and authorisations to do it yourself.
- The passport rules for travel to most countries in Europe will change if the UK leaves the EU on 29 March 2019 without a deal. Read the government’s guidance on Travelling to the EU with a UK passport if there’s no Brexit deal and, if relevant, ensure your employees and customers are aware of the potential changes.
- Stay up-to-date with these changes by registering for email alerts. Follow the link, add your email address, select ‘submit’, select ‘Add subscription’ and choose ‘EU Exit’ then select ‘Submit’.