Research and analysis

Cycling and walking: the economic case for action

Toolkit and report on the evidence base to quantify the impact of investment in cycling and walking and make the case for investing in both.


Investing in cycling and walking: the economic case for action

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Active mode appraisal toolkit


This paper highlights relevant studies (for the UK) and covers the main issues for practitioners (eg local councils). It summarises the picture that sustainable travel as well as cycling and walking can deliver very high benefits when compared to the costs. The report provides a brief overview of how to demonstrate the economic case for a new cycling and walking proposal.

The paper provides a step-by-step illustration based on a hypothetical example. A spreadsheet accompanying this report provides the calculations used in the example and can be used to replicate such calculations for different schemes.

Published 26 March 2015
Last updated 31 May 2018 + show all updates
  1. Active mode appraisal toolkit replaces the old active modes health benefits worksheet.
  2. Updated in line with changes made to WebTAG (the DfT’s appraisal guidance) in December 2017.
  3. First published.