- Gordon Brown
- Tony Blair
- Sir John Major
- Baroness Margaret Thatcher
- James Callaghan
- Harold Wilson
- Sir Edward Heath
- Sir Alec Douglas-Home
- Harold Macmillan
- Sir Anthony Eden
- Sir Winston Churchill
- Clement Attlee
- Neville Chamberlain
- Stanley Baldwin
- James Ramsay MacDonald
- Andrew Bonar Law
- David Lloyd George
- Herbert Henry Asquith
- Sir Henry Campbell-Bannerman
- Arthur James Balfour
- Robert Gascoyne-Cecil 3rd Marquess of Salisbury
- Archibald Primrose 5th Earl of Rosebery
- William Ewart Gladstone
- Benjamin Disraeli The Earl of Beaconsfield
- Edward Smith Stanley 14th Earl of Derby
- Lord John Russell 1st Earl Russell
- Henry John Temple 3rd Viscount Palmerston
- George Hamilton Gordon Earl of Aberdeen
- Sir Robert Peel 2nd Baronet
- William Lamb 2nd Viscount Melbourne
- Arthur Wellesley 1st Duke of Wellington
- Charles Grey 2nd Earl Grey
- Frederick Robinson Viscount Goderich
- George Canning
- Robert Banks Jenkinson Earl of Liverpool
- Spencer Perceval
- William Bentinck Duke of Portland
- William Wyndham Grenville 1st Baron Grenville
- William Pitt 'The Younger'
- Henry Addington 1st Viscount Sidmouth
- William Petty 2nd Earl of Shelburne
- Lord Frederick North
- Augustus Henry Fitzroy 3rd Duke of Grafton
- William Pitt 'The Elder' 1st Earl of Chatham
- Charles Watson-Wentworth 2nd Marquess of Rockingham
- George Grenville
- John Stuart 3rd Earl of Bute
- Thomas Pelham-Holles 1st Duke of Newcastle
- William Cavendish Duke of Devonshire
- Henry Pelham
- Spencer Compton 1st Earl of Wilmington
- Sir Robert Walpole
William Bentinck Duke of Portland Whig 1783 to 1783, 1807 to 1809
14 April 1738
30 October 1809, Bulstrode, Buckinghamshire
Dates in office
1783 to 1783, 1807 to 1809
Treaty of Paris 1783: formal end to American War of Independence.
“My fears are not that the attempt to perform this duty will shorten my life, but that I shall neither bodily nor mentally perform it as I should.”
William Bentinck Duke of Portland entered Parliament via the House of Lords, by virtue of his title, in 1761.
A tall, dignified and handsome man, he was Prime Minister for 2 short periods separated by over 20 years, but was not especially successful in either.
In 1783 he was appointed Prime Minister of the Whig administration by King George III. During this time, his government was concerned with the power of the East India Company.
In the same year, Charles Fox attempted to persuade Parliament to pass a bill that would replace the company’s directors with a board of commissioners. George III made it known to the House of Lords that he would consider anyone voting with the Bill an enemy. As a result of this interference, the Duke of Portland’s government resigned and William Pitt ‘The Younger’ became Prime Minister.
He served in the governments of other Whig leaders until his second government. He became Prime Minister in 1807, and insisted that he was still a Whig, despite heading a Tory government. By now too old and ill to run the government, he mostly left his Cabinet to do what they wanted.
The period was marked by rivalry between two powerful ministers, Castlereagh and Canning, culminating in a duel between the two in 1809 over the running of the Peninsular War.
He resigned in 1809, just weeks before his death.