Health protection – collection

Medical radiation: uses, dose measurements and safety advice

The use of ionising radiation in medicine, including recommended dose measurements and guidance on safe radiology practice.

Ionising radiation is used in medicine in 3 ways:

  • diagnostic radiology, which uses x-ray machines to obtain images of the inside of the patient’s body
  • nuclear medicine, which uses radioactive substances introduced into the patient for diagnosis or treatment
  • radiotherapy, which uses many types and sources of ionising radiation to cure or relieve symptoms of cancer and other diseases

These 3 areas are covered by the Ionising Radiation (Medical Exposure) Regulations 2000, which provide a framework to protect patients.

Guidance on the practical implementation of the ionising radiation (medical exposure) regulations for diagnostic and interventional radiology, was produced in a collaboration between the Society and College of Radiographers, The Royal College of Radiologists and the British Institute of Radiology. Staff from Public Health England were substantially involved in its development. The guidance is relevant for all staff groups working in diagnostic and interventional radiology, including radiographers, radiologists and radiology managers and includes practical examples of scenarios covering the implementation of the regulations.

Medical radiation: risks and safety advice

  1. Ionising radiation from medical imaging examinations: safety advice

    • 1 August 2014
    • Guidance
  2. Medical radiation: patient doses

    • 4 September 2008
    • Guidance
  3. Medical x-rays: radiation risks by age and sex of patient

    • 1 October 2011
    • Research and analysis

Nuclear medicine

There’s a dedicated committee, Administration of Radioactive Substances Advisory Committee (ARSAC), to advise the government on nuclear medicine.

  1. ARSAC Notes for Guidance: good clinical practice in nuclear medicine

    • 17 April 2014
    • Guidance

Radiotherapy

  1. Safer radiotherapy: error data analysis

    • 29 May 2015
    • Research and analysis
  2. Radiotherapy: good practice in error reporting

    • 1 August 2010
    • Guidance
  3. Radiotherapy errors and near misses: biennial report

    • 28 November 2014
    • Research and analysis
  4. Safer radiotherapy: supplementary survey analysis

    • 23 December 2014
    • Research and analysis