Special road schemes give authority to restrict the use of proposed highways to certain types of traffic. The highways involved are usually motorways or slip roads that lead to and from motorways, and are not for the use of pedestrians or cyclists.
Bridge and tunnel schemes
Bridge and tunnel schemes give authority to construct a bridge over, or a tunnel under, a navigable waterway. The scheme must provide very specific details about the proposed structure, such as the height above or depth below the waterway.
Side roads orders
Side roads orders give authority to:
provide as new
highways that cross or enter the route of a proposed new (or to be improved) classified road. They also provide authority to stop up and provide new private means of access to premises in relation to classified road works.
Compulsory purchase orders
Compulsory purchase orders give authority to acquire the title to land, or new rights over land for highway purposes. For example, a compulsory purchase order might be applied for when constructing a new highway or improving an existing one.
These orders also give authority to acquire lands or new rights over land for off-street car parking proposals. This authority comes from the Road Traffic Regulation Act 1984.
Cattle grids and bypasses
Local highway authorities can provide cattle grids and bypasses under section 82 of the Highways Act 1980. The authority must comply with schedule 10 of the act regarding publicising and posting notices about the proposal. The authority must consider:
whether placing a cattle grid on, or bypass in, any common or waste land not forming part of a highway and not belonging to the authority has any advantages
whether providing a bypass along any part of a highway has any advantages
whether having a cattle grid will meet the same needs as having a gate