Travel advice reflecting country specific Zika risk ratings.
As of 2 August 2017, Public Health England (PHE) no longer provides detailed travel health advice in relation to Zika virus.
Use the Country Information Pages (CIPs) on the National Travel Health Network and Centre (NaTHNaC) website for up to date and detailed advice for those travelling to countries or areas affected by Zika virus. The CIPs are also linked to each individual country from the A to Z country list.
Pregnant women are at increased risk of complications following Zika virus infection. UK travel health advice in relation to Zika virus is therefore primarily focussed on pregnant women and their partners and couples planning pregnancy.
There is currently no vaccine or drug to prevent Zika virus infection. The majority of Zika virus cases are acquired via mosquito bite, although sexual transmission of Zika virus infection can occur. The overall risk of sexual transmission of Zika virus is, however, considered to be low. Prevention of Zika relies primarily on avoidance of mosquito bites.
Travellers to regions where Zika virus is a risk should ideally seek travel health advice from their GP, practice nurse or a travel clinic at least 4 to 6 weeks before they travel. Even if time is short it is still not too late to get travel advice.
Pregnancy and travel
Zika virus infection may present an increased risk of complications for certain groups of the population, particularly pregnant women. Although the probability of developing complications resulting from Zika infection is low, the impact of these complications, should they occur, are very serious. Travel advisories are therefore focussed on pregnant women, their partners and couples planning pregnancy.
Before booking travel, pregnant women and couples planning pregnancy within 6 months following travel should check the Zika risk for their destination (see country A to Z) and consider any travel advisories (see table).
Travel advisories for pregnant women and couples planning pregnancy
|Country risk rating||Pregnant women||Couples planning pregnancy|
|High||Pregnant women should postpone non-essential travel until the end of pregnancy||Couples should follow guidance on prevention of sexual transmission of Zika and avoid conception while travelling and for up to 6 months on return|
|Moderate||Pregnant women should consider postponing non-essential travel until the end of pregnancy||Couples should follow guidance on prevention of sexual transmission of Zika and avoid conception while travelling and for up to 6 months on return|
|Low||No specific travel advisory||No specific travel advisory|
Further details including specific recommendations on prevention of sexual transmission are available on individual country pages on the NaTHNaC website (also accessed via the country A to Z).
Preventing infection by mosquito bites
Travellers should use mosquito bite avoidance measures if they are travelling in areas below or around 2,000 metres (m). All travellers should take insect bite avoidance measures during daytime and night time hours to reduce the risk of infection with Zika and other mosquito borne diseases.
A good repellent containing N, N-diethylmetatoluamide (DEET) should be used on exposed skin, together with light cover-up clothing. If sunscreen is needed, repellent should be applied after sunscreen. Sunscreen should be 30 SPF or above to compensate for DEET- induced reduction in SPF.
Read the mosquito bite avoidance for travellers leaflet.
Information for health professionals on factors to consider when assessing the risk of infection with Zika is available from NaTHNaC.