Guidance

Zika virus: country specific risk

Countries or areas with current or past Zika transmission have been classified into one of three risk ratings.

Latest update

Public Health England (PHE) does not provide detailed travel health advice in relation to Zika virus.

Use the Country Information Pages (CIPs) on the National Travel Health Network and Centre (NaTHNaC) website for up-to-date and detailed advice for those travelling to countries or areas affected by Zika virus. The CIPs are also linked to each individual country from the A to Z country list below.

Zika virus risk rating for countries, territories or areas

Countries or areas with current or past Zika virus transmission have been given 1 of 3 risk ratings (high, moderate, or low) based on Zika virus epidemiology and risk to UK travellers. The greatest likelihood of acquiring Zika virus infection is in a country with high or moderate risk, however the individual risk of infection is likely to be lower especially if mosquito bite avoidance measures are followed.

An A to Z list of countries and areas and their Zika virus risk ratings is available.

Countries that have never reported Zika virus transmission or are listed as category 4 in the WHO Zika virus classification system are not listed in the A to Z list.

Category 4 countries are those with no evidence of Zika virus risk but the mosquito vector is present and they have close proximity to countries that have reported Zika transmission. There is no specific Zika travel advisory for these countries but other vector borne diseases may be present.

Further advice regarding travel to these countries is available from the NaTHNaC Country Information Pages.

To produce the country or area risk ratings, the UK uses the World Health Organization (WHO) Zika virus classification tables, the current Zika virus transmission table from the European Centre for Disease Control (ECDC), and epidemic intelligence systematically collected by PHE and NaTHNaC. This information will be reviewed on a regular basis and the A to Z list updated as required.

The rationale and criteria for classifying the Zika risk for countries or areas in the A to Z list, is available on the NaTHNaC website.

A to Z of countries

To determine the Zika risk for a country or area of travel, use the A to Z and follow the links to country specific travel advice from NaTHNaC.

This list will be subject to change as the Zika virus outbreak situation in each area continues to evolve. It is strongly advised to continuously refer back to this list (which will be kept updated) and not rely on printed copies.

A

Country name Risk level
American Samoa Low risk
Angola Moderate risk
Anguilla Moderate risk
Antigua and Barbuda Moderate risk
Argentina Moderate risk
Aruba Moderate risk

B

Country name Risk level
Bahamas Moderate risk
Bangladesh Moderate risk
Barbados Moderate risk
Belize High risk
Bolivia High risk
Bonaire Moderate risk
Brazil Moderate risk
British Virgin Islands Moderate risk
Burkina Faso Moderate risk
Burma (Myanmar) Moderate risk
Burundi Moderate risk

C

Country name Risk level
Cambodia Moderate risk
Cameroon Moderate risk
Cape Verde Moderate risk
Cayman Islands Low risk
Central African Republic Moderate risk
Chile - Easter Islands Low risk
Colombia Moderate risk
Cook Islands Low risk
Costa Rica High risk
Côte D’Ivoire Moderate risk
Cuba High risk
Curaçao Moderate risk

D

Country name Risk level
Dominica Moderate risk
Dominican Republic Moderate risk

E

Country name Risk level
Easter Island - Chile Low risk
Ecuador High risk
El Salvador Moderate risk

F

Country name Risk level
Fiji Moderate risk
Florida, USA Low risk
French Guiana Moderate risk
French Polynesia Low risk

G

Country name Risk level
Gabon Moderate risk
Grenada Moderate risk
Guadeloupe Low risk
Guatemala Moderate risk
Guinea-Bissau Moderate risk
Guyana Moderate risk

H

Country name Risk level
Haiti Moderate risk
Honduras Moderate risk

I

Country name Risk level
India Moderate risk
Indonesia Moderate risk

J

Country name Risk level
Jamaica Moderate risk

L

Country name Risk level
Laos Moderate risk

M

Country name Risk level
Malaysia Moderate risk
Maldives Moderate risk
Marshall Islands Low risk
Martinique Low risk
Mexico Moderate risk
Micronesia, Federated States of Low risk
Montserrat Moderate risk
Myanmar (Burma) Moderate risk

N

Country name Risk level
New Caledonia Low risk
Nicaragua High risk
Nigeria Moderate risk

P

Country name Risk level
Palau Low risk
Panama Moderate risk
Papua New Guinea Moderate risk
Paraguay Moderate risk
Peru High risk
Philippines Moderate risk
Puerto Rico High risk

S

Country name Risk level
Saba Moderate risk
Saint Barthélemy Low risk
Saint Kitts and Nevis Moderate risk
Saint Lucia Moderate risk
Saint Martin Moderate risk
Saint Vincent and the Grenadines Moderate risk
Samoa Moderate risk
Senegal Moderate risk
Singapore Moderate risk
Sint Eustatius Moderate risk
Sint Maarten Moderate risk
Solomon Islands Moderate risk
Suriname Moderate risk

T

Country name Risk level
Texas, USA Low risk
Thailand Moderate risk
Tonga Moderate risk
Trinidad and Tobago Moderate risk
Turks and Caicos Islands Moderate risk

U

Country name Risk level
Uganda Moderate risk
USA: Florida Low risk
USA: Texas Low risk
US Virgin Islands Moderate risk

V

Country name Risk level
Vanuatu Low risk
Venezuela Moderate risk
Vietnam Moderate risk
Virgin Islands (British) Moderate risk
Virgin Islands (USA) Moderate risk
Published 25 July 2016
Last updated 4 June 2018 + show all updates
  1. Risk rating changes: Aruba, Bonaire, Curaçao, Saba and Sint Eustatius have changed from high to moderate; Nicaragua changed from moderate to high and Marshall Islands changed from moderate to low.
  2. Myanmar (Burma) and Burma (Myanmar) have been added as moderate risk.
  3. Updated Micronesia and Palau to low risk
  4. Updated Cuba to high risk
  5. Updated to reflect changes in travel and sexual transmission advice and revised Zika virus risk ratings.
  6. Added India as moderate risk.
  7. Addition of a statement pending revision to country classifications
  8. Angola (moderate risk) added to Country A to Z listing.
  9. USA, Texas (Cameron County) added as moderate risk
  10. Added Palau as high risk.
  11. Added Montserrat as high risk.
  12. Changed Solomon Islands from moderate to high risk.
  13. Updated: Vietnam from moderate to high risk; Papua New Guinea and Solomon Islands from low to moderate risk.
  14. New Caledonia changed from low to moderate risk
  15. Philippines changed from moderate to high risk.
  16. Maldives changed from Low risk to Moderate risk.
  17. Added St. Kitts and Nevis to country A to Z listing.
  18. Added a second moderate risk definition to the table describing risk categories; changed Tonga to moderate risk.
  19. Changed Malaysia from low to moderate risk.
  20. Singapore added to country list.
  21. Clarification of Florida risk, and addition of British Virgin Islands.
  22. Bahamas added to country table.
  23. Added Cayman Islands to country listing.
  24. Changed status for Cuba and Vietnam.
  25. Links added for Antigua and Barbuda, Turks and Caicos. Clarification about country specific risk and travel precautions.
  26. Added Florida, USA to the A to Z listing.
  27. Added Antigua and Barbuda, Turks and Caicos Islands to the A to Z listing.
  28. Changed Indonesia to moderate risk in A to Z of countries.
  29. First published.