If the UK leaves the EU without a deal, there may be changes that affect your business.
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This page tells you what to do if there’s a no-deal Brexit. It will be updated if anything changes, including if a deal is agreed.
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Your business may need to make changes before the UK leaves the EU. Please visit Prepare for Brexit to find more detailed guidance on policy changes relevant to your sector.
UK space sector bids for future EU contracts
UK-based businesses, academics and researchers will not be able to bid for future work on EU space programmes. Please read the guidance on Satellites and space programmes if there’s no Brexit deal.
Contracts with the EU or European Space Agency that run past Brexit
Membership of the European Space Agency
UK membership of the European Space Agency (ESA) is not affected by leaving the EU because it is not an EU organisation.
EU Global Navigation Satellite System (Galileo and EGNOS) programmes
UK businesses, academics and researchers that are contracted or expecting to carry out contracts on these programmes should contact the relevant contracting authority. You should make sure arrangements are in place to comply with the conditions of the contract and avoid possible penalties.
Businesses, academics and researchers in the UK and UK overseas territories which hold ground infrastructure hosting contracts may wish to contact their contracting authority to confirm the future position.
UK-based businesses, academics and researchers will be unable to bid for future Copernicus contracts tendered through the EU, or through any other process using EU procurement rules. We are seeking to clarify with the European Commission what this will mean for Copernicus contracts with delivery dates that run past Brexit.
Space surveillance and tracking
A limited number of UK satellite owners and operators have arrangements to receive services from the EU Space Surveillance and Tracking programme. These are not linked to the UK government’s role in the programme. We are seeking clarification from the European Commission on the potential impact on access to services if the UK leaves the EU without a deal.
Read the guidance on Satellites and space programmes if there’s no Brexit deal.
Importing and exporting
Preparing for disruption to trade at the UK-EU border
Get a UK EORI number (this starts with GB) so you can continue to import or export goods and apply for authorisations that will make customs processes easier for you.
Decide if you want to hire an import-export agent, or make the declarations yourself.
Contact the organisation that moves your goods (for example, a haulage firm) to find out what information they need to make the declarations for your goods, or if you will need to make them yourself.
Read the guidance on simplified customs procedures for trading with the EU if we leave without a deal.
Further information is provided in HMRC’s advice for businesses trading with the EU.
Preparing to move goods between Ireland and Northern Ireland
If the UK leaves the EU without a deal, goods moving between Ireland and Northern Ireland will face different procedures compared to other UK-EU trade. This approach will apply until longer-term arrangements are made.
Exporting controlled goods
You will need a new export licence if you are exporting dual-use items from the UK to the EU or the Channel Islands.
- Register on the online export licensing system (SPIRE).
- Check how to apply to use the Open General Export Licence.
This new export licence will remove the need for you to apply for individual licences. You can use it immediately after the UK leaves the EU.
Preparing for changes to existing trade agreements
Check the way you currently trade with non-EU countries. When the UK leaves the EU the way you access existing favourable arrangements with these countries may change. Changes may be different for each country.
Read the guidance on changes to trading with non-EU countries that have a free trade agreement with the EU.
Preparing for changes to import tariffs
If the UK leaves the EU without a deal, the UK would implement a temporary tariff regime. This would apply for up to 12 months while a full consultation, and review on a permanent approach, is undertaken.
Under the temporary tariff regime the majority of UK imports would be tariff-free.
In certain sectors, tariffs would be maintained to support the most sensitive agricultural industries, the automotive sector, vulnerable industries exposed to unfair global competition, and to maintain the UK government’s commitment to developing countries.
Regulation and standards
Importing or using chemicals
If you use or import chemicals then you will need to check whether you have new obligations under UK REACH (the Registration, Evaluation, Authorisation and Restriction of Chemicals Regulation).
For example, if you currently purchase a chemical substance directly from an EU/EEA supplier, you must make sure any substances you purchase are covered by a valid UK REACH registration by someone within your supply chain. Otherwise, in order to remain compliant you will need to register as an ‘importer’. To do so, you must:
- open an account on REACH IT once it is established and provide initial information on your registration within 180 days of the UK leaving the EU
- provide full technical information on your registration within 2 years of the UK leaving the EU.
Ensure you can continue to manufacture and export chemical products
There may also be new actions you need to take if you manufacture or export chemicals. Further information is provided on the HSE website.
Employing EU, EEA and Swiss citizens
Right to work checks
You should continue to carry out the same right to work checks on all EU/EEA and Swiss citizens, by using their passport or national identity card, until January 2021.
You will not need to distinguish between EU/EEA and Swiss citizens who were resident in the UK before or after the UK leaves the EU.
EU/EEA and Swiss citizens living in the UK before the UK leaves the EU
If the UK leaves the EU without a deal, EU/EEA and Swiss citizens who are resident in the UK before the UK leaves the EU will be able to apply to the EU Settlement Scheme to get settled or pre-settled status. This will mean they can continue to live, work and study in the UK.
EU/EEA and Swiss citizens must apply by 31 December 2020 if the UK leaves the EU without a deal.
You can use the EU Settlement Scheme guidance for employers to give further information to your employees.
EU/EEA and Swiss citizens who arrive in the UK after the UK leaves the EU
If the UK leaves the EU without a deal, EU, EEA and Swiss citizens arriving in the UK from Exit Day to 31 December 2020 can continue to come to the UK, to live, work and study without applying for a visa in advance.
After free movement ends, if they want to stay for longer than 3 months, they can read the guidance on staying in the UK to find out what they’ll need to do.
Irish citizens can continue to live, work and study in the UK, just as before.
From 1 January 2021, a new skills-based immigration system will launch.
For non-EU nationals, Brexit will not affect the application process for work visas.
Travelling to the EU
If the UK leaves the EU without a deal, British passport holders travelling to the EU will need to have 6 months remaining validity on their passport, not including any extra months added to a 10 year passport if it was renewed early.
Check the county guides to see if there are different business travel and visa requirements for the country you are planning to visit.
Digital and data
Accessing Earth Observation Data
Copernicus has a free and open data policy. This means that the data produced by its satellites (Sentinels) and the Land, Marine Environment, Climate Change and Atmosphere services will continue to be freely available to UK users.
UK users could lose the right to high-bandwidth access to the standard data from Copernicus Sentinels and the UK will lose access to data sourced by Copernicus from contributing missions.