Trade with the CARIFORUM States

How you import from and export to the CARIFORUM States.

CARIFORUM-UK Economic Partnership Agreement

The UK has signed an economic partnership agreement (EPA) with the CARIFORUM trade bloc, which is in effect.

The CARIFORUM States covered by this EPA are:

  • Antigua and Barbuda
  • Barbados
  • Belize
  • The Commonwealth of the Bahamas
  • The Commonwealth of Dominica
  • The Dominican Republic
  • Grenada
  • The Republic of Guyana
  • Jamaica
  • Saint Christopher and Nevis
  • Saint Lucia
  • Saint Vincent and the Grenadines
  • The Republic of Suriname
  • The Republic of Trinidad and Tobago

The following CARIFORUM States will be covered by the EPA if they sign it and bring it into effect:

  • The Republic of Haiti

Trade with Haiti takes place under the UK Generalised Scheme of Preferences. All goods imported from Haiti are eligible for quota-free access and nil rates of import duty. This does not apply to arms and ammunition.

Economic Partnership Agreements (EPAs) are principally development-focused trade agreements that aim to promote increased trade and investment. They contribute to sustainable growth and poverty reduction in developing countries.

This guidance provides information on aspects of trade covered by the CARIFORUM-UK EPA. It is for UK businesses trading with the CARIFORUM States.

What the agreement includes

The UK commits to providing immediate duty-free, quota-free access to goods exported from the CARIFORUM States.

In exchange, the CARIFORUM States commit to gradual tariff liberalisation of goods. Some domestically sensitive products in the CARIFORUM States are excluded from tariff liberalisation.

This EPA includes provisions on:

  • trade in goods - including provisions on preferential tariffs and rules of origin
  • trade in services
  • intellectual property
  • government procurement

In certain areas, there have been some minor changes that may affect the way you trade.

Tariff rates on goods

Tariff rates for bilateral trade in goods between the UK and the CARIFORUM States continue to apply as set out in the agreement. However, in some cases, the non-preferential applied rates may in fact be lower because of changes in the UK’s Most Favoured Nation tariff schedule.

You can use online tools UK Integrated Online Tariff and check how to export goods to check product-specific and country-specific information on tariffs and regulations that currently apply to UK trade in goods. These tools are regularly updated to reflect any changes.

Rules of origin

Finding the correct rule of origin for export

Depending on the type of good you are seeking to export, in order to claim preferential treatment it will need to be either wholly obtained or sufficiently processed.

To be considered sufficiently processed your good will need to meet the relevant product specific rule (PSR). The PSRs for this agreement use the 1996 version of the Harmonised System (HS) nomenclature. You should apply the PSR for your good using the code in which it was classified under this nomenclature.

In a limited number of cases the code for your good may have changed during HS revisions. We are currently updating our online services to reflect these changes. In the interim correlation tables tracing these changes have been made available by the World Customs Organization and The United Nations

Claiming preferential rates for your exports from the UK

Unless you are permitted to provide an origin declaration, you need to fill in a certificate of origin to claim preferential treatment.

The UK continues to use the EUR1 format for movement certificates with trade partners that have mutual FTAs with the EU, including the CARIFORUM States. These movement certificates are identical to those previously in use, but the place of origin on the certificate is now marked as the United Kingdom instead of the European Community. EUR1 certificates of origin that have been updated to show the UK are now available from your usual provider, such as the chambers of commerce.

If you previously used the EUR1 form with a mutual EU trading partner, you can use the new EUR1 form that shows the UK as the place of origin.

Using EU materials and processing in your exports to the CARIFORUM States

You can use EU materials or processing in your exports to the CARIFORUM States. The UK and CARIFORUM States must have fulfilled the necessary requirements set out in the Rules of Origin Protocol. You must also ensure the working or processing you do in the UK goes beyond the minimal operations listed in the agreement and that the other relevant conditions are met.

For example, you cannot simply package or label a product from the EU and export it to the CARIFORUM States as a good originating in the UK.

See the list of minimal operations in Article 8 of the Rules of Origin Protocol in the UK-CARIFORUM Economic Partnership Agreement text.

The ability to consider materials from, or processing carried out in, another country as originating when incorporated into your product is called cumulation.

Using materials and processing from other countries in your exports to the CARIFORUM States

It is possible to use materials from, and processing carried out in, the other countries and territories referenced in Article 3 of the Rules of Origin Protocol. Again, you must ensure that the working or processing you do in the UK goes beyond the minimal operations listed in the agreement and that the other relevant conditions are fulfilled.

Sending your goods to the CARIFORUM States through the EU and other countries

Goods transited through the EU are not subject to the same restrictions as those in transit through other third countries.

For example, you can split a consignment in the EU when exporting goods to the CARIFORUM States, provided the goods comprising the consignment have not cleared customs in the EU.

Transit through any other third country is possible provided your goods remain under customs surveillance and do not undergo operations other than unloading, reloading or any operation designed to preserve them in good condition.

CARIFORUM States yet to apply the agreement


Haiti has not signed this agreement. As such, the agreement does not apply to Haiti.

Trade with Haiti takes place under the UK Generalised Scheme of Preferences. All goods imported from Haiti are eligible for quota-free access and nil rates of import duty. This does not apply to arms and ammunition.

Further information

Find further guidance on exporting.

Find out about moving goods into, out of, or through Northern Ireland.

Freight forwarding may save you time and money if you’re exporting large volumes of goods or high value items by sea or air freight. Find out more about moving goods and using freight forwarders.

This guidance is for information only. You should consult your legal advisers if you wish to ensure you understand the legal implications of trading for your business.


If you have queries about trade, contact the Department for Business and Trade (DBT).

Should you wish to speak to someone directly, we have local trade offices based around the UK. Within each office you can contact an international trade adviser. Find your local trade office.

Published 8 August 2019
Last updated 1 January 2022 + show all updates
  1. Added guidance on finding the correct rule of origin for export.

  2. Updated as The Republic of Suriname is now covered by the CARIFORUM-UK Economic Partnership Agreement.

  3. Updated following a content review.

  4. Updated the section on when the agreement is expected to take effect as Suriname has not yet signed the agreement. From 1 January 2021, trade with Suriname will take place on WTO terms.

  5. Page updated to provide detailed guidance on how to trade with CARIFORUM States from 1 January 2021. This includes information on import tariff rates and rules of origin.

  6. First published.