Georgia: migrant health guide

Advice and guidance on the health needs of migrant patients from Georgia for healthcare practitioners.

Main messages

If the patient is new to the UK:

Screen all new entrants, including children, for tuberculosis (TB).

Due to an intermediate prevalence, consider screening for hepatitis B, particularly among those who have recently arrived.

Consider screening for hepatitis C, because of a considerably higher prevalence than the UK.

Infectious diseases


Ensure that all patients, especially children, are up-to-date with the UK immunisation schedule. See Immunisation collection with complete schedules.


The incidence of TB in Georgia is high (40 to 499 cases per 100,000), and there is also a high burden of MDR-TB, so:

  • screen all new entrants, including children, for TB according to NICE guidelines
  • refer to TB services promptly if screening is positive
  • seek advice, if you are a local TB service, from the MDR-TB Clinical Advice Service before treating patients from Georgia for TB
  • maintain long term vigilance for symptoms of TB even if initial screening is negative
  • be aware that TB is a notifiable disease

Sexually transmitted infections and HIV

Take a sexual history, and:

  • screen for STIs and HIV according to risk as specified in the UK national standards and guidelines
  • test all sexually active patients under the age of 25 for chlamydia

Georgia has a low rate of HIV (≤1%), so offer and recommend an HIV test if the patient:

  • falls into a high-risk group
  • is newly registering in a high prevalence area

Hepatitis B

Georgia has an intermediate prevalence of hepatitis B, so:

  • consider screening for hepatitis B, particularly those who have recently arrived
  • offer screening for hepatitis B to all pregnant women during each pregnancy
  • immunise appropriately babies born to mothers who are hepatitis B positive, and follow-up accordingly
  • be aware that the UK has a universal infant immunisation programme for hepatitis B and a selective immunisation programme for higher risk groups

Hepatitis C

Georgia has a considerably higher prevalence of hepatitis C than the UK, so consider screening for hepatitis C.


There is a very low risk of malaria in Georgia, mainly due to P. vivax, so:

  • test any unwell patient who has travelled to-and-from affected areas of Georgia in the last year
  • remember that malaria can be rapidly fatal


There is a risk of typhoid infection in Georgia, so:

  • ensure that travellers to Georgia are offered typhoid immunisation and advice on prevention of enteric fever
  • remember enteric fever in the differential diagnosis of illness in patients with a recent history of travel to-or-from Georgia

Travel plans and advice

Ask opportunistically about any travel plans the patient may have to visit friends and relatives in their country of origin. People who travel to visit friends and relatives (VFR travellers) should visit the Foreign and Commonwealth Office for overseas travel advice and National Travel Health Network and Centre (NaTHNaC) for country specific travel advice prior to leaving the UK.

Nutritional and metabolic concerns


There is a moderate risk of anaemia in adults (estimated prevalence in non-pregnant women is 20 to 40%) and pre-school children (estimated prevalence is 20 to 40%), so:

  • be alert to the possibility of anaemia in recently arrived migrants, particularly women and pre-school children
  • test as clinically indicated

Vitamin D

Consider the possibility of vitamin D deficiency in people who may be at risk due to:

  • darker skin
  • those who are not often outdoors
  • those who cover up most of their skin when outdoors

Vitamin A

There may be a risk of vitamin A deficiency.

Women’s health

Reproductive health indicators

Reproductive health indicator UK Georgia
Number of children per woman¹ 1.7 2.1
Use of contraception² 71.7% 40.6%

¹lifetime average; ²by woman of reproductive age or partner

Country profile

Health indicators and health care

The World Health Orgaization Global Health Observatory has a summary of health indicators and health care in Georgia.

Culture, politics and history

BBC News and The World Factbook provide background information on the culture, politics and history of Georgia.


Language Population (%)
Georgian (official) 87.6
Azeri 6.2
Armenian 3.9
Russian 1.2
Other 1

Abkhaz is the official language in Abkhazia.

Source: The World Factbook


Religion Population (%)
Orthodox (official) 83.4
Muslim 10.7
Armenian Apostolic 2.9
Other¹ 1.2
Unspecified 1.2
None 0.5

¹includes Catholic, Jehovah’s Witness, Yazidi, Protestant, Jewish

Source: The World Factbook

Migration to the UK

There were over 3,000 people from Georgia living in England and Wales at the time of the 2011 Census.

Source: Office for National Statistics

Published 31 July 2014
Last updated 15 September 2021 + show all updates
  1. Updated country guidance on prevalence of communicable diseases and other health topics.

  2. First published.