Check if you need a certificate to export food, drink and agricultural products.
You may need a certificate or to follow special rules to export:
- processed food and drinks including things like flour and spices
- meat, fish, dairy and other animal products like honey and gelatine
- vegetables, fruit and other plants used as food
- grain (outside the EU only)
- sugar and rice (outside the EU only)
Some countries may have import rules for certain goods. You can check by talking to your importer or getting help researching your export market.
There is a ban on most food exports to Russia. Contact the Animal and Plant Health Agency (APHA) Centre for International Trade Carlisle for details.
If the UK leaves the EU without a deal
If the UK leaves the EU without a deal, you’ll need to apply for an export health certificate (EHC) if you’re exporting food, drink or agricultural products to the EU.
Follow these steps:
Find the EHC and other forms you need on the export health certificate form finder. If you’re exporting from Northern Ireland, contact your local DAERA office. Most EHCs also have guidance documents telling you how to fill out the certificate.
Nominate an official vet or local authority inspector (usually an environmental health officer) to inspect your product. There are various ways you can find one:
- check the list of professionals who can sign export health certificates on GOV.UK
- ask at your local vet
- email email@example.com (if you’re in Northern Ireland contact DAERA)
Fill in the EHC and supporting forms and email them to the APHA address provided in the forms.
APHA will send your EHC to your official vet within 7 working days. Or within 1 working day if you plan to export in the next 7 working days.
The vet or inspector will check the product meets the health requirements of the destination country, and complete and sign the EHC. The completed EHC will go with the product, and the vet or inspector will send a copy to APHA.
There’s no fee for the certificate but you’ll be charged for your vet or inspector’s time.
Processed food and drinks: current rules
Within the EU you don’t need a certificate or to follow special rules to move processed foods or drinks.
Outside the EU, check with the food authority in the country you’re exporting to. They’ll tell you if you need ‘certificates of free sale’ (and which type), or any other types of export certification.
If you export any soft drinks with added sugar, you may need to register for the Soft Drinks Industry Levy. You can claim a credit for any exported drinks you pay the levy on.
If your food or drink contains animal products, also check if you need an export health certificate. This is only required in special cases.
There’s a ban on exporting caviar, caviar substitutes, truffles and goods containing truffles to North Korea.
Apply for a certificate of free sale
Save a copy of this firstname.lastname@example.org your computer. Fill in all relevant parts, then email it to
We process (valid) applications in order of receipt, within 5 working days of receiving them. You should allow 10 working days from sending your application to receiving your certificate(s) back.
It’s free to apply and the certificates don’t expire (unless the country you’re exporting to specifies a time limit).
If you need help
Contact the Rural Payments Agency (RPA).
Rural Payments Agency
Telephone: 03300 416 500
Monday to Friday: 8.30am to 5pm
Find out about call charges
Getting another type of export certification
Some countries require another type of export certificate for certain products.
If your product was made in the UK, you can contact the food safety team in the local authority where your product was manufactured.
Meat, fish, dairy and other animal products: current rules
You need to follow special rules to export animal products that will be used as food, for example:
- frozen or fresh meat and fish
- dairy products
- gelatine, lard or blood
There are different rules for animal products that will be used as food for animals.
Within the EU
You need to create a commercial document for animal products which will be eaten by humans.
It should include:
- details of the content of the consignment
- your contact details
- details of the business or person you’re sending your goods to
Once you’ve completed it, attach it to your consignment.
Outside the EU: current rules
You will usually need to complete an export health certificate (EHC) and some supporting documents to be able to export your product.
There are some types of products you cannot export or cases where you don’t need a certificate. If you cannot find the EHC you need, contact APHA.
To find out if you need an EHC and apply, follow these steps.
- The Export Health Certificate form finder helps you find and fill out the EHC and other supporting forms you will need to export your product. If you are exporting from Northern Ireland, contact your local DAERA office. Most EHCs will also have guidance documents that give information on how to fill out the certificate.
- Fill out the EHC and supporting forms and email them to the APHA address provided in the forms.
- In most cases, you will need to nominate an official veterinarian (OV) to inspect your product and sign the certificate.
- APHA will send your EHC to your OV within 7 working days.
- The OV will check the product meets the health requirements of the destination country, complete the EHC and sign. The completed EHC will go with the product, and the OV will send a copy to APHA.
To find an OV you can:
There is no fee for processing the EHC but you will need to pay for the OV’s services.
Use the most up to date EHC
EHCs are sometimes updated when export agreements are changed. So make sure you are using the latest version of a certificate. The EHC form finder will always have the latest version.
Out of date forms will be rejected and cause delays to your exports.
You can sign up for alerts on the form finder so that you get an email when a form is updated.
Vegetables, fruit and other plants used as food: current rules
Within the EU
Check if youror need a supplier document.
If you need a supplier document, contact the Plant Health Office to apply.
If you don’t need one, you don’t have to do anything to move plants used as food within the EU. But you always have to comply with the normal standards to sell fresh fruit and vegetables.
Outside the EU
Most countries require you to have a health certificate (‘phytosanitary certificate’) if you export fruit, vegetables or other plants to be used as food.
Check with the country that you’re exporting to find if you need a certificate.
There are different rules for grain.
Apply for a plant health certificate
You must usually apply for your plants to be tested before you get a plant health certificate.
Apply by filling in the appropriate form for:
Return the completed form to your local APHA office.
Your plants will be tested. If they pass, you’ll get your certificate in 7 days.
You can contact APHA to check whether you:
- need a soil inspection for the plants you’re exporting - use the soil inspection form if you do
- need to wash soil from the roots of the plants you export - the USA, New Zealand and other countries require this
The fees for export inspections changed on 6 April 2018. In order to allow businesses time to prepare for this change, the fees are being introduced in 3 phases.
- from 6 April 2018 to 30 September 2018 the fee was £68.88, with a minimum fee of £137.76
- from 1 October 2018 to 31 March 2019 the fee is £70.76, with a minimum fee of £141.52
- from 1 April 2019 the fee is £70.76, with a minimum fee of £141.52
The fees are charged for every quarter of an hour or part of that time that an inspection and associated activities takes, including the time it takes inspectors to travel to your site.
Issue of a phytosanitary certificate fee:
- from 6 April 2018 to 30 September 2018 the fee is £18.23 per certificate
- from 1 October 2018 to 31 March 2019 the fee is £20.41 per certificate
- from 1 April 2019 the fee is £22.59 per certificate
Laboratory examination fee:
- from 6 April 2018 to 30 September 2018 the fee is £15.38 per sample tested
- from 1 October 2018 to 31 March 2019 the fee is £23.07 per sample tested
- from 1 April 2019 the fee is £30.76 per sample tested
Reduced fees for small businesses
You canfor the first £500 of APHA services in a financial year if either the following apply:
- you’re not registered for VAT
- your certified exports were worth less than £5,000 in the last financial year
The table lists countries known to require a plant health certificate and details whether an import permit or any further testing is required.
Additional countries for which there has been no recent trade in grain may also require a certificate and you should check with APHA email@example.com before sending consignments.
You do not need a plant health certificate to send grain to the EU.
|Country of destination||Import permit required||Phytosanitary certificate required||Testing required for prohibited plants pests and diseases||Testing required for prohibited weed and parasitic plants||Orobanche testing required|
|China (Barley)||Yes||Yes||No (see Article 3 above||Yes||No|
|China (ex. Barley)||Yes||Yes||No||Yes||No|
Apply for a plant health certificate for grain
If a plant health certificate is required you should complete the first 3 sections of the firstname.lastname@example.org at least 5 working days before loading to ship.and return to APHA
If an import permit is also required you should obtain this from the country you are exporting to and forward a copy to APHA with your application.
Contact the port you are exporting from to arrange for an authorised trade inspector. The inspector will examine the grain being loaded to ship and take/submit any samples required for testing.
If specified grain pests are identified in the loaded grain then you will have to arrange for the grain to be treated by a professional company.
When all the grain has been inspected and loaded you should complete the remaining sections of theand return to APHA for the issuance of the certificate.
More detailed guidance regarding the phytosanitary certification of grain for export can be found in the.
Sugar and rice: current rules
You don’t need a certificate or licence to export within the EU.
If you’re exporting these goods outside the EU, you need an export licence.
Apply for a mandatory export licence
Call the Rural Payments Agency (RPA) to get a trader registration number if you don’t have one or have it ready when you call.
Ask them if there is a security deposit to pay on your goods and how much it will be.
Fill in the.
Your licence will be issued through the CHIEF system. You can also ask for a paper licence if the countries you’re trading with require this.
You can email your licence application to us or send it by fax or post. If you wish to submit by email then you will need to be pre-approved to do so. For pre-approval, you need to complete and return abefore submitting any licence applications.
If you’d like to cancel or amend your application you must do this before midday on the day you apply.
Getting your security deposit back
Your security will be refunded in full if you export at least 95% of the quantity on the licence. A paper licence must be returned within 60 days of its expiry date. The security will be released automatically if you used the CHIEF system to export the goods.
If you need help
Contact RPA if you need help.
RPA external trade helpline
Telephone: 03300 416500
Monday to Friday, 8.30am to 5pm