Guidance

Capital Gains Tax rates and allowances

Use these rates and allowances for Capital Gains Tax to work out your overall gains above your tax-free allowance (known as the Annual Exempt Amount).

You’ll get an annual tax-free allowance, known as the Annual Exempt Amount (AEA), if you’re liable to Capital Gains Tax every tax year unless you’re non-domiciled in the UK and have claimed the remittance basis of taxation on your foreign income and gains.

You only pay Capital Gains Tax if your overall gains for the tax year (after deducting any losses and applying any reliefs) are above the AEA.

There’s one AEA for:

  • most individuals who live in the UK
  • executors or personal representatives of a deceased person’s estate
  • trustees for disabled people

A lower rate of AEA applies for most other trustees.

From 2015 to 2016, non-residents who dispose of a UK residential property are liable to Capital Gains Tax and, in most cases, can claim the AEA in the same way as UK residents. This is not available to companies who dispose of a UK residential property, as they may be able to claim other allowances.

AEA limits

You can use your AEA against the gains charged at the highest rates to reduce the amount of tax you owe.

Customer group 2014 to 2015 2015 to 2016 2016 to 2017 2017 to 2018 2018 to 2019
Individuals, personal representatives and trustees for disabled people £11,000 £11,100 £11,100 £11,300 £11,700
Other trustees £5,500 £5,550 £5,550 £5,650 £5,850

Executors and personal representatives

If you’re acting as an executor or personal representative for a deceased person’s estate, you may get the full AEA during the administration period.

The administration period is usually the time it takes to settle the deceased person’s affairs and get a grant of probate (or confirmation in Scotland).

You’re entitled to the AEA for the tax year in which the death occurred and the following 2 tax years. After that there’s no tax-free allowance against gains during the administration period.

Find out more about death, inheritance and Capital Gains Tax.

Trustees for disabled people

If you’re acting as a trustee for a disabled person use the ‘Individuals, personal representatives and trustees for disabled people’ rates shown in the AEA table.

For Capital Gains Tax purposes, a disabled person is a person who has mental health problems, or gets the middle or higher rate of Attendance Allowance or Disability Living Allowance.

Find out more about Capital Gains Tax and trusts.

If you’re non-domiciled in the UK

You will not get the AEA if you’re non-domiciled in the UK and you’ve claimed the remittance basis of taxation on your foreign income and gains.

You may be non-domiciled in the UK if you were born in another country and intend to return there, for example.

You may have claimed the remittance basis if you have income and gains from abroad and have decided that it’s beneficial to be taxed on the foreign income and gains that you bring into the UK, rather than on all income and gains that arise.

Issues of domicile and tax on foreign gains are complicated. A lot depends on the facts of each case.

Read Residence, domicile and the remittance basis: RDR1 to find out more, and contact HMRC if you have any questions.

Rates for Capital Gains Tax

The Capital Gains Tax rate you use depends on the total amount of your taxable income, so work that out first.

6 April 2017 onwards

The following Capital Gains Tax rates apply:

  • 10% and 20% tax rates for individuals (not including residential property and carried interest)
  • 18% and 28% tax rates for individuals for residential property and carried interest
  • 20% for trustees or for personal representatives of someone who has died (not including residential property)
  • 28% for trustees or for personal representatives of someone who has died for disposals of residential property
  • 10% for gains qualifying for Entrepreneurs’ Relief
  • 28% for Capital Gains Tax on property where the Annual Tax on Enveloped Dwellings is paid, AEA is not applicable
  • 20% for companies (non-resident Capital Gains Tax on the disposal of a UK residential property)

6 April 2016 to 5 April 2017

The following Capital Gains Tax rates apply:

  • 10% and 20% tax rates for individuals (not including residential property and carried interest
  • 18% and 28% tax rates for individuals for residential property and carried interest
  • 20% for trustees or for personal representatives of someone who has died (not including residential property)
  • 28% for trustees or for personal representatives of someone who has died for disposals of residential property
  • 10% for gains qualifying for Entrepreneurs’ Relief
  • 28% for Capital Gains Tax on property where the Annual Tax on Enveloped Dwellings is paid - the AEA is not applicable
  • 20% for companies (non-resident Capital Gains Tax on the disposal of a UK residential property)

If a user pays basic rate tax they will pay Capital Gains Tax on carried interest at 18% up to an amount of gain equal to their unused income tax basic rate band, and at 28% on any excess.

If a user pays higher rate tax they will pay Capital Gains Tax on carried interest at 28%.

6 April 2011 to 5 April 2016

The following Capital Gains Tax rates apply:

  • 18% and 28% tax rates for individuals (the tax rate you use depends on the total amount of your taxable income, so you need to work this out first)
  • 28% for trustees or for personal representatives of someone who has died
  • 10% for gains qualifying for Entrepreneurs’ Relief
  • 28% for Capital Gains Tax on property where the Annual Tax on Enveloped Dwellings is paid from 6 April 2013
  • 20% for companies (non-resident Capital Gains Tax on the disposal of a UK residential property) from 6 April 2015

6 April 2010 to 5 April 2011

The following Capital Gains Tax rates apply:

  • 18% and 28% tax rates for individuals (the tax rate you use depends on the total amount of your taxable income, so you need to work this out first)
  • 28% for trustees or for personal representatives of someone who has died
  • 10% for gains qualifying for Entrepreneurs’ Relief

6 April 2008 to 5 April 2010

Capital Gains Tax is charged at a flat rate of 18%.

Published 4 June 2018