Everything rural businesses need to know about the Basic Payment Scheme (BPS) in 2018
Rural Payments Agency email addresses have started to change.
Details can be found here.
The Financial Discipline Mechanism (FDM) Rate
Farmers with a 2018 BPS claim worth more than €2,000 will receive a reimbursement from the 2017 FDM fund. Read the Financial Discipline Mechanism Reimbursement section below for more information about the reimbursement.The information on this page relates to the BPS 2018 scheme year.
BPS 2018 payment rates have been announced.
See the How BPS 2018 payments are calculated section below.
Commons eligibility checks
We’ve published updated guidance about land cover eligibility checks on common land.
Hot and dry weather conditions in England
We’ve published guidance for farmers experiencing difficulties meeting rural grant and payment scheme requirements due to the recent hot and dry weather conditions.
Rural Payments service
Some parts of the service are unavailable, so you cannot make changes which may affect your 2018 application. Read more about what you can do using the Rural Payments service.
How BPS 2018 payments are calculated
To find out how payments are calculated, read the ‘Payments, Reductions and Penalties’ section of the Basic Payment Scheme: rules for 2018. Page 94 explains how RPA calculates payments.
You may also need to read information about greening administrative penalties.
The BPS 2018 exchange rate is: €1 = £0.89281.
Entitlement values for 2018
|Payment region||Entitlement value|
|Non-SDA (Severely Disadvantaged area)||€181.39|
Greening payment rates for 2018
|Payment region||Greening payment rate|
|Non-SDA (Severely Disadvantaged area)||€78.13|
Payment queries from previous years
If you have a query about a BPS payment that you’ve received, please fill in a BPS payment query form and send it to RPA.
Scheme rules and other guidance
- find out how the scheme works
- shows important dates in the BPS scheme year
Other guidance and forms:
- BPS 2018 land use codes
- for ‘crop diversification’
- The guide to cross compliance in England 2018
- gives information about applying using the Rural Payments service
- use this checklist to remind you what you need to check, change and confirm, before you submit your application in the Rural Payments service
- gives an overview of the most common problems and where to find more information in the ‘How to claim BPS online’ guidance above
- gives information about using the BP5 application form to apply
Continuation booklets (for paper applications):
Financial Discipline Mechanism Reimbursement
Each year the European Commission uses some of the BPS budget to create a ‘crisis reserve’. This is used to support the farming industry in times of crisis, such as disease outbreak. To do this - and to make sure that the overall European budget for BPS is not exceeded - a mechanism called ‘financial discipline’ is used. ‘Financial discipline’ means BPS payments across all Member States are reduced.
If the FDM funds have not been used to relieve a crisis, they are reimbursed to eligible farmers in the following scheme year. Farmers with a 2018 BPS claim worth more than €2,000 will receive a reimbursement from the 2017 FDM fund.
Payments will start from mid-September 2019. The payment is called ‘FDM reimbursement’ on the remittance advice, which is being sent after a payment is made.
The rate to use to calculate the reimbursement for 2018 is 1.346%. RPA takes a farmer’s claim value, removes the first €2,000 and any reductions if they apply (but not cross compliance penalties), then multiplies this by %. They take the resulting amount and remove any cross compliance penalties from it.
Here’s an example:
A farmer has a claim value of €10,000
The reimbursement does not apply to the first €2,000:
€10,000 - €2,000 = €8,000
The reductions (not including any cross compliance penalties, for example, a late claim penalty) that apply to the 2018 claim = €200
€8,000 - €200 = €7,800
FDM reimbursement is €7800 x 1.346% = €104.99
A 5% cross compliance penalty applies:
€104.99 - 5% = €99.74
The FDM reimbursement is €99.74
Some farmers may receive a further payment under FDM for previous years.
Commons eligibility checks
Read everything you need to know about land cover eligibility checks on common land.
How the value of the common land part of the BPS payment is calculated.
The common has:
an eligible area of 300ha; and
grazing rights being claimed under BPS for 200 sheep and 70 cattle.
RPA must calculate the livestock unit (LU) value of all the rights being claimed for the common:
Each sheep is equivalent to 0.15 LU, so the calculation for the sheep grazing rights being claimed is: 200 sheep x 0.15 LU = 30 LU
Each adult cow is 1 LU, so the calculation for the cattle grazing rights being claimed is: 70 cattle x 1 LU = 70 LU
The total LU being claimed for the common is therefore: 30 LU + 70 LU = 100 LU
The area to be allocated for each LU claimed for the common is calculated as: 300ha / 100 LU = 3.0ha/LU
If the farmer declared 40 LU of rights to activate entitlements on their BPS 2018 application they would be allocated 3.0ha/LU x 40 LU = 120ha of the total eligible area of the common.
This area will be used to activate entitlements in the same way as any other land declared by the farmer on their application. The examples shown above under ‘Main BPS payment’ and ‘Average entitlement value’ show how this is done.
The above examples are based on a single common and do not take account of any split rights.
Rural Payments service
You can use the Rural Payments service to:
- register for rural payments
- update your personal and business details
- give someone else (like an agent) permission to act on your behalf
- view your BPS 2018 application summary
- view your BPS entitlements
- view and print digital maps of your land parcels
- view your previous year’s claim
- apply for Countryside Stewardship, including the Arable Offer.
At the moment you cannot:
- transfer entitlements
- transfer or remove land
- edit land use online
- add or delete commons rights
- apply for BPS
Forgotten your online password?
If you’re logging in with a Customer Reference Number (CRN) and have forgotten your password, you can create a new one from the sign-in page.
Click ‘Having trouble signing in?’ then ‘create a new one’.
If you can’t remember your CRN, call RPA on 03000 200 301.
How to use the Rural Payments service – help is available
Onscreen ‘Help’ in the service to guide you if you get stuck. Or you can read and print a copy of all the
Our videos also show you how to use the service.
Planned maintenance of the Rural Payments service
There are times when the Rural Payments service is unavailable because of essential planned maintenance and updates. Check Rural Payments: registering and updating your details to keep up to date about availability of the Rural Payments service.
Helpline 03000 200 301