Guidance

BPS 2018

Everything rural businesses need to know about the Basic Payment Scheme (BPS) in 2018

Rural Payments Agency email addresses have started to change.

Details can be found here.

Latest news

The Financial Discipline Mechanism (FDM) Rate

Farmers with a 2018 BPS claim worth more than €2,000 will receive a reimbursement from the 2017 FDM fund. Read the Financial Discipline Mechanism Reimbursement section below for more information about the reimbursement.The information on this page relates to the BPS 2018 scheme year.

BPS 2018 payment rates have been announced.

See the How BPS 2018 payments are calculated section below.

Commons eligibility checks

We’ve published updated guidance about land cover eligibility checks on common land.

Hot and dry weather conditions in England

We’ve published guidance for farmers experiencing difficulties meeting rural grant and payment scheme requirements due to the recent hot and dry weather conditions.

Rural Payments service

Some parts of the service are unavailable, so you cannot make changes which may affect your 2018 application. Read more about what you can do using the Rural Payments service.

How BPS 2018 payments are calculated

To find out how payments are calculated, read the ‘Payments, Reductions and Penalties’ section of the Basic Payment Scheme: rules for 2018. Page 94 explains how RPA calculates payments.

You may also need to read information about greening administrative penalties.

Common land grazing rights (PDF, 704KB, 61 pages) - to find out how the value of the common land part of the BPS payment is calculated read the example below.

The BPS 2018 exchange rate is: €1 = £0.89281.

Entitlement values for 2018

Payment region Entitlement value
Non-SDA (Severely Disadvantaged area) €181.39
SDA €180.00
SDA moorland €49.09

Greening payment rates for 2018

Payment region Greening payment rate
Non-SDA (Severely Disadvantaged area) €78.13
SDA €77.53
SDA moorland €21.14

Payment queries from previous years

If you have a query about a BPS payment that you’ve received, please fill in a BPS payment query form and send it to RPA.

Scheme rules and other guidance

Other guidance and forms:

Continuation booklets (for paper applications):

Financial Discipline Mechanism Reimbursement

Each year the European Commission uses some of the BPS budget to create a ‘crisis reserve’. This is used to support the farming industry in times of crisis, such as disease outbreak. To do this - and to make sure that the overall European budget for BPS is not exceeded - a mechanism called ‘financial discipline’ is used. ‘Financial discipline’ means BPS payments across all Member States are reduced.

If the FDM funds have not been used to relieve a crisis, they are reimbursed to eligible farmers in the following scheme year. Farmers with a 2018 BPS claim worth more than €2,000 will receive a reimbursement from the 2017 FDM fund.

Payments will start from mid-September 2019. The payment is called ‘FDM reimbursement’ on the remittance advice, which is being sent after a payment is made.

The rate to use to calculate the reimbursement for 2018 is 1.346%. RPA takes a farmer’s claim value, removes the first €2,000 and any reductions if they apply (but not cross compliance penalties), then multiplies this by %. They take the resulting amount and remove any cross compliance penalties from it.

Here’s an example:

A farmer has a claim value of €10,000

The reimbursement does not apply to the first €2,000:

€10,000 - €2,000 = €8,000

The reductions (not including any cross compliance penalties, for example, a late claim penalty) that apply to the 2018 claim = €200

€8,000 - €200 = €7,800

FDM reimbursement is €7800 x 1.346% = €104.99

A 5% cross compliance penalty applies:

€104.99 - 5% = €99.74

The FDM reimbursement is €99.74

Some farmers may receive a further payment under FDM for previous years.

Commons eligibility checks

Read everything you need to know about land cover eligibility checks on common land.

Example calculation:

How the value of the common land part of the BPS payment is calculated.

The common has:

  • an eligible area of 300ha; and

  • grazing rights being claimed under BPS for 200 sheep and 70 cattle.

RPA must calculate the livestock unit (LU) value of all the rights being claimed for the common:

  • Each sheep is equivalent to 0.15 LU, so the calculation for the sheep grazing rights being claimed is: 200 sheep x 0.15 LU = 30 LU

  • Each adult cow is 1 LU, so the calculation for the cattle grazing rights being claimed is: 70 cattle x 1 LU = 70 LU

  • The total LU being claimed for the common is therefore: 30 LU + 70 LU = 100 LU

  • The area to be allocated for each LU claimed for the common is calculated as: 300ha / 100 LU = 3.0ha/LU

  • If the farmer declared 40 LU of rights to activate entitlements on their BPS 2018 application they would be allocated 3.0ha/LU x 40 LU = 120ha of the total eligible area of the common.

  • This area will be used to activate entitlements in the same way as any other land declared by the farmer on their application. The examples shown above under ‘Main BPS payment’ and ‘Average entitlement value’ show how this is done.

The above examples are based on a single common and do not take account of any split rights.

Rural Payments service

You can use the Rural Payments service to:

  • register for rural payments
  • update your personal and business details
  • give someone else (like an agent) permission to act on your behalf
  • view your BPS 2018 application summary
  • view your BPS entitlements
  • view and print digital maps of your land parcels
  • view your previous year’s claim
  • apply for Countryside Stewardship, including the Arable Offer.

At the moment you cannot:

  • transfer entitlements
  • transfer or remove land
  • edit land use online
  • add or delete commons rights
  • apply for BPS

Forgotten your online password?

If you’re logging in with a Customer Reference Number (CRN) and have forgotten your password, you can create a new one from the sign-in page.

Click ‘Having trouble signing in?’ then ‘create a new one’.

If you can’t remember your CRN, call RPA on 03000 200 301.

How to use the Rural Payments service – help is available

Onscreen ‘Help’ in the service to guide you if you get stuck. Or you can read and print a copy of all the onscreen Help (PDF, 2.39MB, 52 pages)

Our videos also show you how to use the service.

Planned maintenance of the Rural Payments service

There are times when the Rural Payments service is unavailable because of essential planned maintenance and updates. Check Rural Payments: registering and updating your details to keep up to date about availability of the Rural Payments service.

Contact RPA

Published 9 August 2017
Last updated 23 December 2019 + show all updates
  1. Common land grazing rights table added.

  2. Addition of 2018 FDMR information

  3. Commons example BPS calculation transferred to this page from the Commons eligibility checks page.

  4. FDM rate for 2018 and Link to Payment Query Form added

  5. Incorrect FDMR information removed

  6. Update to include link to BPS payment query form and to FDMR section, showing correct rate and payment date.

  7. BPS 2018 payment rates added in the 'How BPS 2018 payments are calculated' section

  8. We've added updated guidance about land cover eligibility checks on common land.

  9. Link added to the Hot and dry weather conditions in England guidance.

  10. Updates to latest news and the BPS 2018 page following 15 May application deadline.

  11. Latest news updated to give information about the wet weather derogation.

  12. How to apply online - trouble shooting questions v3.0 published, includes Link to video ‘How to reset your password on the Rural Payments service’ and generate a new application summary to see latest changes and check before submitting.

  13. Update to latest news - Rural Payments helpline is now available

  14. Update to latest news to advise that the Rural Payments helpline is currently unavailable.

  15. V5.0 of BPS 2018 Scheme rules published - Amendment to the wording on the second diagram on page 58.

  16. Amended wording to the second diagram on page 58.

  17. Updated to show Drop-in centres will be open until 10pm on 15 May.

  18. How to apply online - trouble shooting questions v2.0 published, includes updates about checking ‘activate less BPS area’ screen on the Rural Payments service, and Original date and time shown when submitting an updated application.

  19. Scheme Rules update to the entry for 31 May on the Key dates diagram on page 2; update to the ‘Managing fallow land during the EFA fallow period’ section on page 54; update to the example on page 64; update to the ‘Looking after EFA hedges or trees in a line’ section on page 56.

  20. Update latest news to include a link to new guidance 'How to check and change your hedge information'.

  21. New guidance published 'How to check and change your hedge information'

  22. 22 March 2018: V3.0 of BPS 2018 Scheme rules published to update entitlements usage examples 2, 3 and 4 on pages 30 and 31

  23. V3.0 of BPS 2018 Scheme rules published

  24. Update for BPS paper applicants (BP5 forms will be issued to those who applied on paper in 2016 and 2017). Publish version 2.0 of the BPS scheme rules clarifying EFA, including updated diagrams.

  25. Customers can now apply for BPS 2018 in the Rural Payments and all BPS guidance is now available on GOV.UK.

  26. Key Dates added

  27. Added link to BPS2018 land use code

  28. Latest updates for BPS 2018

  29. Further updates made the greening requirements.

  30. Entitlement and land transfers now available for BPS 2018

  31. First published.