Guidance

Embargoes and sanctions on Myanmar (Burma)

Information on embargoes on Myanmar and how to apply for an export licence.

If the UK leaves the EU without a deal

The regulations in this guidance would be affected.

Find out about the new regulations that would come into effect under the Sanctions and Anti-Money Laundering Act 2018 (the Sanctions Act).

Overview

This guide contains information about embargoes and sanctions on Myanmar, and provides information for exporters.

Governments worldwide control the export of goods due to the nature and destinations of the proposed export. Exports of strategic goods and technology are controlled for many reasons including:

  • concerns about internal repression, regional instability and other human rights violations
  • concerns about the development of weapons of mass destruction
  • foreign policy and international treaty commitments including as a result of the imposition of EU or UN trade sanctions or arms embargoes
  • national and collective security of the UK and its allies

There is currently an arms embargo and other restrictions in force on Myanmar. This is an EU-imposed embargo which has been implemented in UK law.

There are number of restrictive measures imposed against Myanmar. The measures are contained in Council Decision 2013/184/CFSP and Council Regulation 401/2013.

Export control updates

If you intend to export to Myanmar you should keep yourself well informed of the current situation through the media and other information channels.

Extent of the arms embargo on Myanmar

An arms embargo is a ban on the export of arms and related material - ie military ammunition, weapons and goods - which may be imposed by a number of organisations, including the UN, The EU or the Organisation for Security and Co-operation in Europe. It may also be imposed at a national level.

The UK interprets this as covering all goods and items on the UK Military List (which forms part of the Consolidated list of strategic military and dual-use items that require export authorisation), unless, otherwise stated.

Applying for an export licence to Myanmar

Sanctions on Myanmar: key legislation

The arms embargo on Myanmar has been imposed by EU laws, and implemented in the UK by statutory instruments.

There are currently no UN Security Council resolutions on Myanmar.

EU legislation

The EU first adopted measures including an arms embargo against Myanmar in 1990 which was subsequently confirmed on 29 July 1991 by the General Affairs Council and Common Position 1996/635/CFSP. This embargo covers weapons and ammunition, weapon and non-weapon platforms and ancillary equipment. It also covers spare parts, repairs, maintenance and transfer of military technology.

The EU has since renewed, modified and extended the scope of the regulations. The measures are contained in Council Decision 2013/184/CFSP and Council Regulation 401/2013.

You can access Common Foreign and Security Policy (CFSP) legislation on the Europa website.

UK legislation

UK legislation on the arms embargo on Myanmar is listed below:

You can access copies of any UK legislation on the Legislation.gov website.

Other restrictions on Myanmar

It is prohibited to export equipment which might be used for internal repression to Myanmar. Related technical, financial and other assistance is also prohibited.

The export of dual-use goods and technology to Myanmar is prohibited if those items are or may be intended for military use, military end-user or the Border Guard Police. Any provision of related technical assistance, financing or financial assistance, brokering services or other services are also prohibited.

It is prohibited to export telecommunications monitoring and interception equipment, technology or software as listed in Annex III of Council Regulation (EU) No 401/2013 to Myanmar. Related technical assistance or brokering services are also prohibited.

Further information

Export control joint unit contacts

Helpline

Export Control Joint Unit
2nd floor
3 Whitehall Place

London
SW1A 2AW

Contact for general queries about strategic export licensing.

ECJU’s Notices to exporters contain important information about:

  • amendments to open general export licences
  • changes to the list of controlled goods
  • updates on legislation and sanctions
Published 13 August 2012