Guidance

Import a medicine for veterinary use into the UK

Apply for an import certificate to import a medicinal product into the UK for veterinary use.

A suitable UK authorised veterinary (VMP) or UK authorised human medicinal product may not always be available to treat a range of animals or diseases. In such scenarios, you can apply to the Veterinary Medicines Directorate (VMD) for an import certificate to bring a medicinal product into the UK for veterinary use using Cascade legislation.

You must be in receipt of an import certificate before bringing the medicine in to the UK. You should also check the proposed imported product is available.

Import certificate types

There are 3 types of import certificate:

  • Special Import Certificate (SIC) - for a medicinal product imported from outside the UK
  • Wholesale Dealers Import Certificate (WDIC) - for medicinal products imported and held by a wholesaler to supply SIC holders
  • Research Import Certificate (RIC) - for a product or substance for research licensed under the Animal (Scientific Procedure) Act

Who can apply

Veterinary Surgeons

A Special Import Certificate (SIC) is needed when a veterinary surgeon imports, uses or holds any medicinal product from outside the UK for veterinary use.

The holder of the SIC will be fully responsible for ensuring the conditions of the certificate are met. Administration of the product may be done by a person acting in accordance with their instructions.

Wholesale Dealers

A Wholesale Dealer Import Certificate (WDIC) is needed when a wholesale dealer imports and holds medicinal products that are then supplied to the holder of an appropriate import certificate.

Researchers

A Research Import Certificate (RIC) is needed when a Home Office project license holder needs a medicinal product for use in animal research used in accordance with a license granted under an Animal (Scientific Procedure) Act (A(SP)A).

How to apply

Veterinary Surgeons

Apply for a SIC using the VMD’s online Special Imports Scheme Application

You may apply for a SIC if you are a veterinary surgeon registered with the Royal College of Veterinary Surgeons (RCVS). You will need to enter your RCVS membership number when applying for a certificate.

a) Products that appear in the online drop down

Products for which VMD are currently issuing import certificates for will appear in a drop down menu on the online application page. In order to complete an application for one of these products, please follow the on screen instructions.

b) Products that do not appear in the online drop down

Products that require full assessment will not appear in the online drop down, for example new proposed import products. The VMD conducts an import benefit:risk assessment. The data required to complete this analysis will vary on a case-by-case basis.

Justification for import

It is your responsibility to demonstrate that there is no suitable UK authorised veterinary product available to justify your intended use of the Cascade. Factors such as the cost of the products and the withdrawal period are not acceptable reasons to import alternatives.

To help you with this, a list of all authorised veterinary medicines in the UK is available on the Product Information Database.

If a UK authorised product is unavailable due to a temporary supply issue, the VMD will only consider the importation of an alternative when no other suitable alternative UK product exists and will only permit import until the supply issue is resolved or another suitable product becomes available on the UK market. In such scenarios you should consider the likely quantities needed and purchase appropriately.

Data you need to provide

For products that have not previously been permitted into the UK you must provide:

  • a completed online application form
  • a copy of the Summary of Product Characteristics (SPC) or equivalent product information in English
  • copy of the product labels in the native language

This allows the VMD to do an import benefit-risk assessment and to correctly identify the product on the import certificate.

Extra data for live vaccines

To import a live vaccine, you also need to provide:

  • full details of the product formulation
  • details of the origin of the strain and whether the strain is considered exotic to the UK. If the strain is not considered exotic to the UK, provide evidence to confirm this
  • information on the genotype of the strain and the relationship between this and other known strains
  • a risk assessment of Transmissible Spongiform Encephalopathies (TSE) being transmitted from any manufacturing materials of human or animal origin
  • proof of the stability of the attenuation characteristics of the seeds and data confirming there is no risk of reversion to virulence for the vaccine strains
  • details of any extraneous agents testing performed on the product
  • a batch release protocol for a recent batch detailing all the tests conducted on the finished product together with the results of these tests

Application outcomes

Instant certificate

An import certificate will be available immediately upon successful completion of your application. You can choose to print this and it will also be automatically emailed to you.

Certificate following assessment

Following assessment, a product may be considered to have a higher import risk profile. This means a certificate will be emailed to you but restricted to use in a named individual animal or herd/flock. For this purpose, horses cannot be considered as a group animal.

During assessment, you may be asked to provide additional product or patient data in support of your application.

The VMD will contact you if further information is required using the contact details you have provided. In exceptional cases, the VMD may permit product to be held in stock for emergency use.

Refusal

If your application is unsuccessful, a letter describing the reason why will be emailed to you.

Validity of Certificate

Import certificates are valid for one year from date of issue. You should only apply to import a volume that meets your immediate clinical need and only up to a maximum of one year’s supply.

If you have product remaining when your certificate expires, you must re-apply for a new certificate to continue to hold and use that product.

Controlled drugs

If the product to be imported falls within the scope of the Misuse of Drugs Regulations 2001, you may also need additional approval documentation. Further information on import licences for controlled drugs is available from the Home Office.

Wholesale Dealers

Apply for a WDIC using the VMD’s online Special Imports Scheme Application

You must be the holder of a Wholesale Dealer’s Authorisation (WDA) with the appropriate permissions or be a registered pharmacist to apply for a WDIC. On applying, you will need to provide your WDA or registration number.

Applications will be considered if a valid SIC has been issued, otherwise your application will remain on hold for a maximum 14 days awaiting a SIC approval.

Products for which the VMD are currently issuing SICs for will appear in a drop-down menu on the online application page. In order to complete a WDIC application for one of these products, please follow the on-screen instructions.

If a UK authorised product is unavailable due to a temporary supply issue, the VMD will only consider the importation of an alternative when no other suitable alternative UK product exists. We will only permit import until the supply issue is resolved or another suitable product becomes available on the UK market.

In such scenarios you should consider the likely quantities needed and purchase stock appropriately.

Researchers

Apply for a RIC using the VMD’s online Special Imports Scheme Application

You may only apply for a RIC if you are the project licence holder, you will need to provide your Home Office Project Licence number.

Timescales

The timescales start from the receipt of a valid application. Applications submitted at a weekend, or on a bank holiday, will be classed as received on the first working day thereafter.

If any information is missing, or further clarification is required, the VMD will contact you to request this. The timescales will be suspended pending a response from you. If a response is not received within the specified deadline the application will be refused and you will need to re-apply.

Situation Timescale
Previously imported SIC products Instantly available or up to 10 working days if further assessment is required
New SIC products (including applications for emergency stock use and new species) Up to 15 working days

Where there is an immediate, clinically life-threatening need, email the VMD at importcert@vmd.gov.uk,mark it as urgent and provide an explanation.

Fees

SIC

There are no fees for online applications

WDIC

If at least 100 SICs naming the wholesale dealer as the importer were issued in the last 12 months, the fee is £760. You’ll be sent an invoice following issue of the certificate.

Contact us

Email: importcert@vmd.gov.uk

Report a supply problem

You can report a known or foreseen supply problem on our Report a supply problem page

Published 1 June 2015
Last updated 7 October 2019 + show all updates
  1. Change of policy and process to introduce one type of import certificate to be issued to vets. [News item 18 September explains](https://www.gov.uk/government/news/the-vmd-will-launch-an-updated-online-special-import-application-form-on-7-october-2019)
  2. Notice that the service will be unavailable from 25th to 28th March 2016
  3. First published.
  1. Step 1 Check if you need to follow this process

    There are several tasks you need to do before you can get goods through customs.

    1. Check the whole process for importing goods from countries outside the EU

    Most businesses that import goods hire a transporter or customs agent to make the import declaration and clear their goods through UK customs.

  2. Step 2 Set up your business for making customs declarations

    The business importing the goods and any transporter or customs agent acting on their behalf both need an EORI number.

    1. Get an EORI number

    You'll use the Customs Handling of Import and Export Freight (CHIEF) system to make a declaration. You'll need to both:

    You can apply for simplified declaration procedures and for Authorised Economic Operator status. These are most suitable for businesses that import goods regularly.

    1. Find out about using simplified declaration procedures
    2. Check if Authorised Economic Operator status is right for you
  3. and Register to import goods with restrictions

  4. Step 3 Set up a duty deferment account if you import regularly

    Set up a duty deferment account if you want to be able to make one payment of customs duties a month instead of paying for individual shipments.

    You must set one up if you use simplified procedures.

    1. Set up a duty deferment account
  5. Step 4 Arrange for the goods to be inspected

    You need to choose a place where the goods can be inspected if you import things like plant or animal products. This needs to happen before they’re allowed through the UK border.

    1. Find an inspection point for animals and animal products
    2. Find an inspection point for plants, plant products, seeds and wood
    3. Find an inspection point for high risk food and feed that is not of animal origin
    4. Find an inspection point for endangered species, or products made from endangered plants or animals

    You need to let the inspection point know when the goods are arriving. You might have to pay a fee for the inspection.

    1. Find out what rules you need to follow to get the goods inspected
  6. Step 5 Submit the import declaration

  7. Step 6 Pay VAT and duty

    HMRC will tell you how much to pay after you submit the declaration.

    1. Find out how and when to pay VAT and duty
  8. Step 7 Get the goods released if they're held up at the border

    The goods will be held at the border, for example if:

    • you have not paid the right amount of duty or VAT
    • you do not have the right import licences for the goods or business
    • they did not pass inspection
    • they've been combined with a shipment that has been held up

    If this happens you will be told why.

    1. Contact the National Clearance Hub to get help