16 to 19 education: funding allocations
Information about how 16 to 19 funding is allocated to colleges, providers, schools and academies.
16 to 19 funding allocations
The Education Funding Agency (EFA) funds schools, academies, colleges and commercial and charitable providers. We calculate funding using the 16 to 19 national funding formula. The formula is driven by student recruitment and includes factors which reflect student retention, higher cost subjects, disadvantaged students and area costs. The 16 to 19: how it works page includes further information about each element within the 16 to19 national funding formula.
Funding calculated using the national funding formula is also supplemented by additional funding for high needs students, bursaries and other financial support awarded to individual students.
Allocations process 2017 to 2018 academic year
We have published a funding letter setting out the key decisions and information relating to allocations for 2017 to 2018.
As in previous years, we will base your funding allocation for 2017 to 2018 on your 2016 to 2017 lagged student numbers. Your allocation statement will include a breakdown of the calculation and explanatory notes will be available to help you understand your allocation.
We have streamlined the process this year in consultation with key provider associations and this will reduce the number of separate documents we will send to institutions during January and February 2017. We will issue statements to EFA Information Exchange: ‘Revenue Funding’ folder, under ‘AY 2017-18’. We expect most institutions to be informed of your allocation by the end of February 2017. We expect all institutions to be informed of your allocation by the end of March 2017.
We publish a full list of the allocations made to all individual FE institutions, schools and academies each year around October.
The deadline for business cases is April 2017, and we will confirm the precise dates shortly.
The allocations timeline for issuing 2017 to 2018 academic year allocations is set out below:
|December 2016||ILR R04 deadline (6 December) – first EFA return for 2016 to 2017|
|December 2016||Publication of dedicated schools grant (DSG), schools block and high needs block allocations for 2017 to 2018 (prior to academy recoupment)|
|January 2017||Allocation Calculation Toolkit for 2017 to 2018 containing funding factors sent to FE institutions|
|January 2017||Final high needs place numbers confirmed for 2017 to 2018|
|Early February 2017||Allocation Calculation Toolkit for 2017 to 2018 containing funding factors and student numbers sent to schools and academies|
|February 2017||ILR R06 deadline (6 February)|
|February 2017||Allocations, including high needs place numbers, notified to most institutions|
|March 2017||Allocations notified to all special post-16 institutions, non-maintained special schools and charitable and commercial providers and other institutions where lagged numbers are based on R06|
|April 2017||Deadline for institutions to return any business cases in relation to exceptional circumstances affecting their allocation (excluding high needs)|
|April/May/June 2017||All business cases reviewed|
|June to August 2017||Funding agreements/contracts issued to institutions either directly or through the lead contact. Agreements/contracts signed and returned by funded organisation. Institutions informed of outcomes of business cases in June|
|August/September 2017||First payment made to LAs (in respect of schools with sixth forms) and directly to academies, colleges and other institutions|
Table 1: Data sources for student numbers
The provisional data sources we expect to use to calculate 2017 to 2018 funding allocations are detailed in the tables below:
|Institution type||Method of determining number of students attracting funding|
|Schools, academies, free schools, studio schools, university technical colleges||Lagged numbers based on 2016 to 2017 student numbers in autumn 2016 census. Some academies are funded on estimated numbers where their funding agreement states this|
|FE colleges, some other FE or higher education institutions||The starting point is the number of valid students with a census date of 1 November 2016 based on R04 for 2016 to 2017. This is multiplied by the ratio of 1 November to all-year student numbers based on the R04 return for 2015 to 2016 and the final R14 return for that year. We will also compare this figure with the student numbers calculated from R06, both the year-to-date (as at 1 February) figure and the number recruited by 1 November. Where there is a significant increase or decrease in student numbers we may revise the allocation accordingly. This could result in a delay to issuing allocations for institutions involved|
|Commercial and charitable providers||The approach is similar to that for 2016 to 2017 allocations, that is, depending on the profile of recruitment for the individual provider we either use a 12 month rolling figure for February 2016 to January 2017 based on R14 (2015 to 2016) and R06 (2016 to 2017) data; or the same approach as set out above for FE colleges. The use of R06 data means that CCPs receive allocations slightly later than colleges, schools and academies|
|Higher education institutions, local authorities, some other FE institutions||Where use of in-year data was not appropriate, a full year figure will be used based on, R14 (2015 to 2016) or HESA data for 2015 to 2016|
|Maintained special schools||The high needs place funding allocation will be made at local authority level, rather than at individual school level. Local authorities then determine the place funding to individual maintained special schools|
|Special academies||Published 2016 to 2017 academic year high needs place numbers revised by place changes requested by local authorities in the autumn of 2016|
|Special free schools||EFA contacts special free schools direct for information to determine their place funding allocations for the 2017 to 2018 academic year|
|Special post-16 institutions||Continue to be funded on the basis of elements 1 and 2 in 2017 to 2018. The place funding will be allocated based on ILR data. We will confirm shortly which data set will be used for 2017 to 2018 allocation purposes|
|Non maintained special schools||Continue to be funded based on school census data. We will confirm shortly which data set will be used for 2017 to 2018 allocation purposes|
|New institutions||Year 1 – starting point 1/3 of capacity, any variation from this would require a business case by February 2017, Year 2 – double the actual recruitment in year 1 (2016 to 2017 Autumn Census/R04), Year 3 – institution is funded on lagged numbers|
|Closing institutions||We will reduce the lagged numbers to reflect the expected decline in student numbers. No 16 to 19 funding will be allocated to any institution that is completely ceasing 16 to 19 provision, and there will also be a reduction in funding before that, if the change in delivery is material (for example, a rundown of provision over 2 years)|
Table 2: Expected data sources for formula elements
|Institution type||Size of programme/Retention/Programme cost weighting||Disadvantage - Block 1 factor||Disadvantage - Block 2 instances||Large programmes||Condition of Funding|
|Institutions making ILR return||R14 2015 to 2016||R14 2015 to 2016||R14 2015 to 2016 (1)||2014 to 2015 Young People’s matched admin data set (YPMAD)||R14 2015 to 2016|
|Institutions making census return||Autumn census 2016 (end-year 2015 to 2016 data)||Autumn census 2016 (end-year 2015 to 2016 data)||Autumn census 2016 (end-year 2015 to 2016 data)||2014 to 2015 Young People’s matched admin data set (YPMAD)||Autumn census 2016 (end-year 2015 to 2016 data)|
|Institutions making HESA return||HESA 2015 to 2016||HESA 2015 to 2016||HESA 2015 to 2016||Based on exceptional business cases where appropriate||HESA 2015 to 2016|
|Institutions with no historical data||National average for institution type||LA average for institution type||National average for institution type||No impact||No impact|
(1) YPMAD 2014 to 2015 data will be used in the mitigation calculation
This information is not applicable for maintained special schools, non maintained special schools, special academies, special free schools, these institutions are funded at £10,000 per place for Element 1 and 2.
- 16 to 19 funding allocations supporting documents for 2017 to 2018
- 16 to 19 funding allocations supporting documents for 2016 to 2017
- Information Exchange support
Published: 10 March 2014
Updated: 13 January 2017
- This page has been updated to reflect 2017 to 2018 allocation cycle
- Allocations process for academic year 2017 to 2018 has been updated.
- Added link to the 16 to 19 funding allocations for the 2016 to 2017 academic year
- General update to page.
- Section under Allocations process 2016 to 2017 academic year has been added.
- Changes to EFA funding for 16 to 19 year olds - 2016 to 2017 video has been added
- updated information and tables added to 16 to 19 funding allocations
- Explanatory note further education student number statement - academic year 2015 to 2016 has been added
- Calendar updated - funding video added
- 2014 to 2015 allocation explanatory notes uploaded to page
- First published.