The Equality and Human Rights Commission (EHRC) is 10 years old. Across its first decade it can point to a variety of successes and it has a strong international reputation. This Review has found an organisation passionate about reducing inequality and enhancing the role of rights in society. However, the Review has identified a range of critical issues which mean at present the EHRC is not meeting its potential and its domestic reputation suffers accordingly. These issues need to be addressed by accelerating ongoing transformation work to ensure the EHRC is fit for its second decade.