As part of its wider research into heat decarbonisation, BEIS commissioned Ramboll Energy to explore possible technologies able to convert a UK town to low carbon heating and to analyse the costs, practical constraints and challenges associated with each of them.
The technologies analysed were:
- hydrogen with carbon capture and storage combined with electric cooking
- hybrid heat pumps with gas cooking
- electric heat pumps and electric cooking
- district heating from biomass and heat pumps