Collection

Exporting after Brexit if there’s no deal - country by country

Changes to exporting goods and services from the UK if we leave the EU with no deal.

Trade with EU countries

In a no-deal Brexit, UK businesses trading with EU countries will need to follow processes they currently use when trading with non-EU countries that have no existing trade agreement in place.

Trade with non-EU countries

UK businesses may be affected by a no-deal Brexit even if they do not trade with the EU. This is because any trading agreements between the EU and non-EU countries will no longer apply to UK businesses after a no-deal Brexit.

Therefore the UK is seeking to replicate trading arrangements between EU and non-EU countries.

Africa

  1. Exporting to Algeria after Brexit if there’s no deal
  2. Exporting to Angola after Brexit if there’s no deal
  3. Exporting to Cameroon after Brexit if there’s no deal
  4. Exporting to Cote d’Ivoire after Brexit if there's no deal
  5. Exporting to Egypt after Brexit if there's no deal
  6. Exporting to Ethiopia after Brexit if there's no deal
  7. Exporting to Ghana after Brexit if there's no deal
  8. Exporting to Kenya after Brexit if there’s no deal
  9. Exporting to Libya after Brexit if there’s no deal
  10. Exporting to Madagascar after Brexit if there’s no deal
  11. Exporting to Mauritius after Brexit if there’s no deal
  12. Exporting to Morocco after Brexit if there’s no deal
  13. Exporting to Mozambique after Brexit if there’s no deal
  14. Exporting to Nigeria after Brexit if there’s no deal
  15. Exporting to Rwanda after Brexit if there’s no deal
  16. Exporting to Seychelles after Brexit if there’s no deal
  17. Exporting to South Africa after Brexit if there’s no deal
  18. Exporting to Tanzania after Brexit if there’s no deal
  19. Exporting to Tunisia after Brexit if there’s no deal
  20. Exporting to Uganda after Brexit if there’s no deal
  21. Exporting to Zimbabwe after Brexit if there’s no deal

Americas

  1. Exporting to Antigua and Barbuda after Brexit if there’s no deal
  2. Exporting to Argentina after Brexit if there’s no deal
  3. Exporting to Bahamas after Brexit if there’s no deal
  4. Exporting to Barbados after Brexit if there’s no deal
  5. Exporting to Belize after Brexit if there’s no deal
  6. Exporting to Brazil after Brexit if there’s no deal
  7. Exporting to Canada after Brexit if there’s no deal
  8. Exporting to Chile after Brexit if there’s no deal
  9. Exporting to Colombia after Brexit if there’s no deal
  10. Exporting to Costa Rica after Brexit if there’s no deal
  11. Exporting to Cuba after Brexit if there's no deal
  12. Exporting to Dominica after Brexit if there’s no deal
  13. Exporting to Dominican Republic after Brexit if there's no deal
  14. Exporting to Ecuador after Brexit if there's no deal
  15. Exporting to Grenada after Brexit if there’s no deal
  16. Exporting to Guyana after Brexit if there's no deal
  17. Exporting to Jamaica after Brexit if there’s no deal
  18. Exporting to Mexico after Brexit if there’s no deal
  19. Exporting to Nicaragua after Brexit if there’s no deal
  20. Exporting to Panama after Brexit if there’s no deal
  21. Exporting to Peru after Brexit if there’s no deal
  22. Exporting to Suriname after Brexit if there’s no deal
  23. Exporting to St Kitts and Nevis after Brexit if there’s no deal
  24. Exporting to St Lucia after Brexit if there’s no deal
  25. Exporting to St Vincent and the Grenadines after Brexit if there’s no deal
  26. Exporting to Trinidad and Tobago after Brexit if there’s no deal
  27. Exporting to the USA after Brexit if there’s no deal
  28. Exporting to Venezuela after Brexit if there’s no deal

Asia

  1. Exporting to Afghanistan after Brexit if there’s no deal
  2. Exporting to Bangladesh after Brexit if there’s no deal
  3. Exporting to Brunei after Brexit if there’s no deal
  4. Exporting to China after Brexit if there’s no deal
  5. Exporting to Myanmar (Burma) after Brexit if there’s no deal
  6. Exporting to Hong Kong after Brexit if there’s no deal
  7. Exporting to India after Brexit if there’s no deal
  8. Exporting to Indonesia after Brexit if there’s no deal
  9. Exporting to Japan after Brexit if there’s no deal
  10. Exporting to Kazakhstan after Brexit if there’s no deal
  11. Exporting to Macao after Brexit if there’s no deal
  12. Exporting to Malaysia after Brexit if there’s no deal
  13. Exporting to Mongolia after Brexit if there’s no deal
  14. Exporting to Pakistan after Brexit if there’s no deal
  15. Exporting to the Philippines after Brexit if there’s no deal
  16. Exporting to Singapore after Brexit if there’s no deal
  17. Exporting to South Korea after Brexit if there’s no deal
  18. Exporting to Sri Lanka after Brexit if there’s no deal
  19. Exporting to Taiwan after Brexit if there’s no deal
  20. Exporting to Thailand after Brexit if there’s no deal
  21. Exporting to Vietnam after Brexit if there’s no deal

European Union (EU) and European Economic Area (EEA) members

  1. Exporting to Austria after Brexit if there’s no deal
  2. Exporting to Belgium after Brexit if there’s no deal
  3. Exporting to Bulgaria after Brexit if there’s no deal
  4. Exporting to Croatia after Brexit if there's no deal
  5. Exporting to Cyprus after Brexit if there's no deal
  6. Exporting to Czech Republic after Brexit if there's no deal
  7. Exporting to Denmark after Brexit if there's no deal
  8. Exporting to Estonia after Brexit if there's no deal
  9. Exporting to Finland after Brexit if there's no deal
  10. Exporting to France after Brexit if there's no deal
  11. Exporting to Germany after Brexit if there's no deal
  12. Exporting to Greece after Brexit if there's no deal
  13. Exporting to Hungary after Brexit if there’s no deal
  14. Exporting to Iceland after Brexit if there’s no deal
  15. Exporting to Ireland after Brexit if there’s no deal
  16. Exporting to Italy after Brexit if there’s no deal
  17. Exporting to Latvia after Brexit if there’s no deal
  18. Exporting to Lithuania after Brexit if there’s no deal
  19. Exporting to Luxembourg after Brexit if there’s no deal
  20. Exporting to Malta after Brexit if there's no deal
  21. Exporting to the Netherlands after Brexit if there’s no deal
  22. Exporting to Norway after Brexit if there’s no deal
  23. Exporting to Poland after Brexit if there’s no deal
  24. Exporting to Portugal after Brexit if there’s no deal
  25. Exporting to Romania after Brexit if there’s no deal
  26. Exporting to Slovakia after Brexit if there’s no deal
  27. Exporting to Slovenia after Brexit if there’s no deal
  28. Exporting to Spain after Brexit if there’s no deal
  29. Exporting to Sweden after Brexit if there’s no deal

Europe

European countries that are not European Union or European Economic Area members

Middle East

  1. Exporting to Bahrain after Brexit if there’s no deal
  2. Exporting to Iran after Brexit if there’s no deal
  3. Exporting to Iraq after Brexit if there’s no deal
  4. Exporting to Israel after Brexit if there’s no deal
  5. Exporting to Jordan after Brexit if there’s no deal
  6. Exporting to Kuwait after Brexit if there’s no deal
  7. Exporting to Lebanon after Brexit if there’s no deal
  8. Exporting to Oman after Brexit if there’s no deal
  9. Exporting to the Palestinian Territories after Brexit if there’s no deal
  10. Exporting to Qatar after Brexit if there’s no deal
  11. Exporting to Saudi Arabia after Brexit if there’s no deal
  12. Exporting to United Arab Emirates after Brexit if there’s no deal

Oceania

Published 30 April 2019
  1. Step 1 Check if you need to follow this process

    You need to follow this process if you're moving goods to a country outside the EU.

    What you need to do is different if you are:

    1. Get exporting advice on great.gov.uk
  2. Step 2 Check the rules for exporting your goods

    Check if you need a licence or certificate to export your goods from the UK. You also need to check if there are any restrictions or special rules in the country you want to export to.

    1. Check if you need a UK licence or certificate to export your goods
    2. Check the duties, rules and restrictions for your goods in the destination country

    The rules for trading with some countries outside the EU might change after Brexit.

    1. You are currently viewing: Check if the UK has negotiated a trade agreement with the country you are exporting to after Brexit
  3. Step 3 Register your business for exporting

    1. Get an EORI number
    2. Check if you should register for VAT

    You can apply for simplified declaration procedures and for Authorised Economic Operator status. These are most suitable for businesses that export goods regularly.

    1. Find out about using simplified declaration procedures
    2. Check if Authorised Economic Operator status is right for you
  4. Step 4 Apply for a licence or certificate if you need one

    How soon you need to start the application process and what you need to do depends on the type of goods you’re exporting.

    1. Apply for a licence or certificate if you need one
  5. Step 5 Decide who will make customs declarations and transport the goods

    You can hire someone to deal with customs and transport the goods for you, or you can do it yourself. Most businesses that export goods use a transporter or customs agent.

    1. Find out how to hire someone to deal with customs for you
    2. Find out what you'll need to do if you make the customs declaration yourself
    3. Find out how to transport goods out of the UK by road yourself
  6. Step 6 Classify your goods

    You must find the right commodity code to classify the goods you're exporting.

    Your customs agent or transporter might be able to help you with this.

    1. Find the right commodity code for your goods
  7. Step 7 Prepare the invoice and other documentation for your goods

    The completed invoice and any licences or certificates must travel with the goods.

    When filling in the value of your goods on the invoice, use the price you’re selling them for. List separately any freight or export insurance you included in the price. For free samples, use the market value of the goods.

    You might be able to zero rate the goods for VAT. This means you can charge your customers VAT at 0%.

    1. Check if you can zero rate the goods for VAT
  8. Step 8 Get your goods through customs

    If you've appointed someone to deal with UK customs for you, they'll make the declaration and get your goods through the UK border.

    1. Make an export declaration and get your goods cleared by UK customs

    You may need other documentation to get your goods into the destination country. Ask the person or business buying your goods what information you need to provide.

  9. Step 9 Keep invoices and records

    You must keep records of commercial invoices and any customs paperwork.

    If you exported controlled goods, for example firearms, keep the paperwork that shows who owns the goods.

    If you're VAT registered, record the goods in your VAT accounts and report them on your VAT Return. You'll need to do this even if you zero rated them.

    1. Find out how to record the goods in your VAT accounts
    2. Fill in your VAT Return