Collection

Animal diseases: international and UK monitoring

Monitoring for major, notifiable or new and emerging animal disease outbreaks internationally and in the UK.

We monitor any major, notifiable or new and emerging animal disease outbreaks worldwide. We do this as an early warning to assess the risk they may pose to the UK, in particular those diseases which impact on animal health and welfare, international trade, public health or wider society.

We assess the risk that diseases might come into the UK through trade in animals or animal products (legal or illegal), through movement of wildlife, or through movement of things such as insects which may carry a disease. We use these outbreak assessments to help us decide how to manage or reduce the risks.

We carry out a full qualitative risk assessment in certain cases, and in response to specific policy questions concerning a disease outbreak. This is based on the general principles of the OIE qualitative risk analysis framework.

Outbreak assessments 2018

When we become aware of a new animal disease outbreak in the UK or another country, we may carry out a preliminary outbreak assessment. In particular, we do so when we are officially notified of a new disease incident in an EU Member State, a country on the border of the EU or one of the UK’s third country trading partners.

  1. African swine fever in wild boar in Belgium
  2. Classical swine fever in pigs in Japan
  3. West nile virus in owls in Germany
  4. African swine fever in pigs in China
  5. Newcastle disease in Belgium
  6. Peste de Petits Ruminants (PPR) in sheep in Bulgaria
  7. Bluetongue virus in Europe
  8. Avian influenza (bird flu) in Europe and in the UK
  9. African swine fever in pigs in Central and Eastern Europe
  10. Qualitative risk assessment: risk of chronic wasting disease being introduced into Great Britain

Outbreak assessments 2017

Outbreak assessments 2016

  1. Foot and mouth disease in Russia
  2. Avian influenza (bird flu) in poultry in France
  3. Avian Influenza (bird flu) in ducks in Canada
  4. Lumpy skin disease in Bulgaria and Greece
  5. Avian Influenza (bird flu) in wild birds in Russia
  6. Avian influenza (bird flu) in poultry in the Netherlands
  7. Cervid spongiform encephalopathy in Norway
  8. Avian influenza (bird flu) in poultry in Italy
  9. African horse sickness in horses in South Africa
  10. Senecavirus A in the Americas
  11. Outbreaks of H7N8 avian influenza in poultry in the USA
  12. Low Pathogenic Avian Influenza (H5N1) in Scotland, UK

Outbreak assessments 2015

  1. West nile fever in France
  2. Lumpy skin disease in Greece
  3. Highly pathogenic avian influenza H7N7 in poultry in Germany
  4. Lumpy skin disease in Turkey
  5. Qualitative risk assessment: highly pathogenic avian influenza from the USA
  6. Qualitative risk assessment: risk of entry of Bluetongue Virus (BTV-4) to the UK
  7. Rabies: imported dog in France
  8. Highly pathogenic avian influenza: North America, Africa and Europe
  9. Highly pathogenic avian influenza in poultry in Canada and USA
  10. Highly pathogenic avian influenza: Europe, America, Middle East
  11. Glanders in a horse in Germany
  12. Highly pathogenic avian influenza H5N1 in poultry in Israel

Outbreak assessments 2014

Older preliminary outbreak assessments are available on the National Archives website. Older qualitative risk assessments are available on the National Archives website.

  1. Highly pathogenic avian influenza in poultry in Germany and Italy
  2. Equine infectious anaemia in Germany
  3. Bluetongue virus (BTV-4) in Greece, Bulgaria and the Republic of Macedonia
  4. Highly pathogenic avian influenza H5N8 in turkeys in Germany
  5. Vesicular stomatitis in horses and cattle in the USA
  6. Bluetongue in Greece and Bulgaria
  7. Swine fever in domestic pigs and wild boar in Latvia
  8. Qualitative risk assessment: sheep pox virus and lumpy skin disease virus
  9. Foot and mouth disease in Algeria and Tunisia
  10. Bluetongue in Greece and the European situation
  11. Foot and mouth disease in Tunisia
  12. Pest de petits ruminants in China
  13. Avian influenza in poultry and humans in China
  14. African swine fever in wild boar in Lithuania
  15. African swine fever in wild boar in Ukraine
Published 31 July 2014
Last updated 14 September 2018 + show all updates
  1. Added the preliminary outbreak assessment for African swine fever in wild boar in Belgium.
  2. Added the preliminary outbreak assessment for classical swine fever in pigs in Japan.
  3. Added the preliminary outbreak assessment for west nile virus in owls in Germany.
  4. Added the preliminary outbreak assessment for ASF in pigs in China.
  5. Added preliminary outbreak assessment for Newcastle disease in Belgium.
  6. Added the preliminary outbreak assessment for Peste de Petits Ruminants in sheep in Bulgaria.
  7. Moved Chronic Wasting Disease in Europe and African Swine Fever in Eastern Europe into the outbreak assessments for 2018 as both have updated situation assessments.
  8. Added the preliminary outbreak assessment for Equine infectious anaemia in Germany and the Netherlands.
  9. Added preliminary outbreak assessments for Foot and Mouth Disease in the Middle East and North Africa and African swine fever in pigs in Poland, Lithuania and Latvia.
  10. Added the qualitative risk assessment for bluetongue virus (BTV-8) entry into the UK and updated situation assessment for bluetongue virus (BTV-8) in France.
  11. Added the qualitative risk assessment for assessing the risk of infection of poultry premises by avian influenza.
  12. Added the qualitative risk assessments for avian notifiable diseases for bird gatherings and pigeon racing. Also added the preliminary outbreak assessment for avian flu in the USA.
  13. Added the latest update on avian influenza in Europe and in the UK.
  14. Added the preliminary outbreak assessment for avian influenza in Europe.
  15. Added the preliminary outbreak assessment for foot and mouth disease in Russia and an updated situation assessment for bluetongue virus in France.
  16. Added the preliminary outbreak assessmenf for avian flu in ducks in Canada.
  17. Added the preliminary outbreak assessment for avian flu in wild birds in Russia and an updated situation assessment for african swine fever in Poland.
  18. Added the preliminary outbreak assessment for avian flu in poultry in the Netherlands.
  19. Added the preliminary outbreak assessment for avian influenza in Italy.
  20. Added preliminary outbreak assessments for African horse sickness in horses in South Africa, lumpy skin disease in Bulgaria and Greece, and bluetongue virus (BTV-8) in France.
  21. Added the preliminary outbreak assessment for cervid spongiform encephalopathy in Norway.
  22. Added the qualitative risk assessment for risk of chronic wasting disease being introduced into Great Britain.
  23. Added updated situation assessments for bluetongue in France and foot and mouth disease in the Middle East.
  24. Added the preliminary outbreak assessment for Senecavirus A in the Americas.
  25. Added an updated situation assessment for avian influenza (bird flu) in poultry in France.
  26. Added bluetongue virus (BTV-8) risk assessment of entry into the UK.
  27. Added preliminary outbreak assessment: Outbreaks of H7N8 avian influenza in poultry in the USA.
  28. Added preliminary outbreak assessment for low pathogenic avian influenza in Scotland, UK.
  29. Added a preliminary outbreak assessment for Foot and mouth disease in North Africa and the Middle East
  30. Added preliminary outbreak assessment for avian influenza H5N1 in poultry in France.
  31. Added the preliminary outbreak assessment for bluetongue virus (BTV-8) in France.
  32. Added the preliminary outbreak assessment for west nile fever in France.
  33. Added lumpy skin disease in Greece preliminary outbreak assessment.
  34. Added the HPAI H7N7 in Germany poa.
  35. Added POA: Lumpy skin disease in Turkey and 2 QRAs: HPAI from USA and risk of BTV-4.
  36. Published a preliminary outbreak assessment for rabies in an imported dog in France.
  37. Published a preliminary outbreak assessment update for avian influenza in poultry in North America, Africa and Europe
  38. Added a preliminary outbreak assessment for Glanders (Germany) and HPAI (Europe, America, Middle East).
  39. Added a preliminary outbreak assessment for Highly pathogenic avian influenza in poultry in Israel.
  40. Added preliminary outbreak assessement for highly pathogenic avian influenza in Germany and Italy to document collection. Added preliminary outbreak assessement forhighly pathogenic avian influenza H5N2 and H5N8 in poultry in Canada and USA. Added preliminary outbreak assessement forequine infectious anaemia in Germany.
  41. Added updates to Bluetongue virus in Europe and African swine fever in Europe
  42. Added preliminary outbreak assessment of highly pathogenic avian influenza H5N8 in turkeys in Germany to the document collection.
  43. AHVLA documents have been re-assigned to the new Animal and Plant Health Agency (APHA).
  44. Added POA: Bluetongue in Greece, Bulgaria and the Republic of Macedonia.
  45. Added foot and mouth disease in Algeria and Tunisia to collection.
  46. First published.