This page reflects the UK government’s understanding of current rules for people travelling on a full ‘British Citizen’ passport, for the most common types of travel.
The authorities in Somalia set and enforce entry rules. For further information contact the embassy, high commission or consulate of the country or territory you’re travelling to. You should also consider checking with your transport provider or travel company to make sure your passport and other travel documents meet their requirements.
Entry rules in response to coronavirus (COVID-19)
Screening on arrival – Somalia (excluding Somaliland)
A negative COVID-19 negative test, taken no more than 72 hours before travel, is required for entry into Somalia.
Screening on departure – Somalia (excluding Somaliland)
A negative COVID-19 test, taken no more than 72 hours before travel, is required for exit from Somalia.
Screening on arrival - Somaliland
A negative COVID-19 test, taken no more than 96 hours before travel, is required for entry into Somaliland. If you do not have this evidence on arrival, then you may have to spend 14 days in quarantine at your own expense in a government approved facility.
Egal International Airport has put in place additional measures to screen passengers arriving into Hargeisa by air, including temperature checks.
Those people displaying symptoms linked to the virus may be transferred to a nearby isolation facility while further tests are carried out.
Restrictions remain in place in neighbouring countries, including land border closures and quarantine measures. You should check before travelling to the borders of Ethiopia, Djibouti or Kenya. You should not cross the border without the correct documents. You may face a large fine or detention for illegally crossing borders and you may be prevented from onward travel.
Regular entry requirements
You will need a visa for all travel to Somalia, including Somaliland. If you arrive at Mogadishu International Airport, you can get a single entry visa, valid for one month, for US$60 in cash. You may also be required to provide a letter of invitation on arrival in Somalia outlining the purpose of your travel. You can usually get this from your place of work (a hotel booking may also suffice). Without this letter, you could be denied entry.
You can also get a single entry visa, valid for one month, on arrival in Somaliland for US$60 in cash.
Your passport should be valid for at least 6 months from your date of entry into Somalia, including Somaliland.
UK Emergency Travel Documents
UK Emergency Travel Documents (ETDs) are valid for entry to and exit from Somalia, including Somaliland.
Yellow fever certificate requirements
Check whether you need a yellow fever certificate by visiting the National Travel Health Network and Centre’s TravelHealthPro website.
The Government of Somalia and the authorities in Somaliland will consider anyone of Somali or Somaliland descent to be a dual British and Somali/Somaliland national. The British Government is limited in the consular support it can offer in such circumstances.