How your tax is paid

If you get the State Pension and a private pension

Your pension provider will take off any tax you owe before they pay you. They’ll also take off any tax you owe on your State Pension.

If you get payments from more than one provider (for example, from a workplace pension and a personal pension), HM Revenue and Customs (HMRC) will ask one of your providers to take the tax off your State Pension.

At the end of the tax year you’ll get a P60 from your pension provider showing how much tax you’ve paid.

If the State Pension is your only income

You’re responsible for paying any tax you owe. Fill in and send a Self Assessment tax return if you owe anything.

If you started getting your pension on or after 6 April 2016, don’t send a tax return. HMRC will write to tell you what you owe and how to pay.

If you continue to work

Your employer will take any tax due off your earnings and your State Pension. This is called Pay As You Earn (PAYE).

If you’re self-employed you must fill in a Self Assessment tax return at the end of the tax year. You must declare your overall income, including the State Pension and money from private pensions, for example your workplace pension.

If you have other income

You’re responsible for paying any tax you owe on income other than money from your pensions. You might have to fill in a Self Assessment tax return.

You can claim a tax refund if you’ve paid too much tax.

Tax codes

If your income only comes from one source you’ll usually have one tax code.

You can have several tax codes if you have income from more than one source.

You can get your tax code corrected if you think it’s wrong.

  1. Step 1 Check when you can retire

  2. and Check how much pension you could get

  3. Step 2 Increase your pension

    You might be able to increase the amount you get if you delay your pension.

    1. Find out about delaying your pension

    For advice about increasing your workplace or private pension, speak to a financial adviser.

    1. Find a financial adviser through Unbiased
  4. Step 3 Check what other financial support you could get

  5. Step 4 Decide when to retire