You won’t usually pay any tax if your total annual income adds up to less than your Personal Allowance.
Lump sums from your pension
You can usually take up to 25% of the amount built up in any pension as a tax-free lump sum. The tax-free lump sum doesn’t affect your Personal Allowance.
Tax is taken off the remaining amount before you get it.
Your whole pension is worth £60,000. You take £15,000 tax-free. Your pension provider takes tax off the remaining £45,000.
When you can take your pension depends on your pension’s rules. It’s usually 55 at the earliest.
You might have to pay Income Tax at a higher rate if you take a large amount from your pension. You could also owe extra tax at the end of the tax year.
How you can take your pension
A pension worth up to £10,000
You can usually take any pension worth up to £10,000 in one go. This is called a ‘small pot’ lump sum. If you take this option, 25% is tax-free.
You can usually get:
- up to 3 small pot lump sums from different personal pensions
- unlimited small pot lump sums from different workplace pensions
A pension worth up to £30,000 that includes a defined benefit pension
If you have £30,000 or less in all of your private pensions, you can usually take everything you have in your defined benefit pension or defined contribution pension as a ‘trivial commutation’ lump sum. If you take this option, 25% is tax-free.
If this lump sum is paid from more than one pension, you must:
- have your savings in each scheme valued by the provider on the same day, no more than 3 months before you get the first payment
- get all payments within 12 months of the first payment
If you take payments from a pension before taking the rest as a lump sum, you pay tax on the whole lump sum.
Cash from a defined contribution pension
Check with your provider about how you can take money from a defined contribution pension. You can take:
- all the money built up in your pension as cash - up to 25% is tax-free
- smaller cash sums from your pension - up to 25% of each sum is tax-free
You may have to pay a tax charge on money you put into your pension after you withdraw cash.
If your life expectancy is less than a year
You may be able to take all the money in your pension as a tax-free lump sum, if all of the following apply:
- you’re expected to live less than a year because of serious illness
- you’re under 75
- you don’t have more than the lifetime allowance of £1.03 million in pension savings
If you’re over 75 you’ll pay Income Tax on the lump sum.
Check with your pension provider. Some pension funds will keep at least 50% of your pension for your spouse or civil partner.