National Insurance classes

The class you pay depends on your employment status and how much you earn.

National Insurance class Who pays
Class 1 Employees earning more than £183 a week and under State Pension age - they’re automatically deducted by your employer
Class 1A or 1B Employers pay these directly on their employee’s expenses or benefits
Class 2 Self-employed people earning more than £6,475 a year. If you’re earning less than this, you can choose to pay voluntary contributions to fill or avoid gaps in your National Insurance record
Class 3 Voluntary contributions - you can pay them to fill or avoid gaps in your National Insurance record
Class 4 Self-employed people earning profits of £9,501 or more a year

See the current rates for Class 1, 2 and 4 contributions.