How to spot vesicular stomatitis, what to do if you suspect it and measures to prevent its spread.
Vesicular stomatitis affects:
It can also affect sheep and goats, but they are more resistant to it.
It doesn’t affect humans.
It has never been present in Great Britain.
Vesicular stomatitis is a notifiable animal disease. If you suspect it you must report it immediately by calling the Defra Rural Services Helpline on 03000 200 301. Failure to do so is an offence.
How to spot vesicular stomatitis
The signs of vesicular stomatitis are very similar to foot and mouth disease (FMD). The only way to confirm the disease is by laboratory testing.
The main signs of vesicular stomatitis are:
- blisters on feet, snout, lips, tongue and inside the mouth
- increased production of spit
How vesicular stomatitis is spread
The disease is spread by certain types of biting flies and by direct contact with infected animals.
Preventing and controlling vesicular stomatitis
You can help prevent the disease by practising strict biosecurity on your premises.
If you report suspicion of vesicular stomatitis, APHA vets will investigate.
If vesicular stomatitis is confirmed, the outbreak will be controlled in line with the contingency plan for exotic notifiable diseases.
Further information on prevention and control
Legislation relating to vesicular stomatitis
Vesicular stomatitis is covered by the Specified Diseases (Notification and Slaughter) Order 1992 and the Specified Diseases (Notification) Order 1996.
Vesicular stomatitis is also covered by EU Council Directive 92/119.