Reclaim VAT you've paid on goods and services bought in the UK to use in your business if you’re registered as a business outside the UK.
VAT is payable on most goods and services you buy in the UK. The VAT refund scheme can be used to reclaim VAT if you’re registered as a business outside the UK and bought the goods or services to use in your business.
If you are an EU business and your claim relates to VAT incurred on or before the end of the transition period, 31 December 2020, you need to follow guidance Refunds of VAT for EU businesses at the end of the transition period
You can use the scheme if all of the following apply:
- you’re registered as a business outside the UK
- you’re not VAT-registered in the UK and you do not have to be, or cannot be, VAT registered here
- you do not have a place of business or other residence in the UK
- you do not make any supplies in the UK, apart from:
- transport services related to the international carriage of goods
- goods and services where the person you’re supplying pays VAT on them
What can be reclaimed
You can reclaim VAT for most goods and services bought in the UK for your business including:
- accommodation and meals
- trade fairs
- travel costs
- 50% of the VAT charged for hiring or leasing a car
- other goods and services you buy and use in the UK
What cannot be reclaimed
VAT cannot be reclaimed on the cost of buying a car, or for goods and services:
- bought for resale
- used for business entertainment
- used for non-business activities
Reclaiming VAT on goods bought outside the UK
If you import goods into the UK and they’re to be used in your business you may have to pay VAT when you bring them into the UK. You can use the refund scheme to reclaim the VAT you have paid on these imports unless you either:
- get some other VAT relief when you import the goods
- have to register for VAT in the UK because you have imported the goods
How to claim
Claims can be made by you or your accountant or agent if they have a letter of authority to act for you.
You claim by completing form VAT65A - Application for refund of VAT.
You must claim your refund no later than 6 months after the end of the ‘prescribed year’ when you were charged the VAT. The prescribed year runs from 1 July to 30 June, so you must make a claim by 31 December.
If you miss the deadline, you will not be able to make a claim for that year.
Your claim cannot be for a period of:
- more than the prescribed year
- less than 3 months - unless that’s all that’s left of the prescribed year
There is no maximum limit.
The minimum limits for UK claims are:
- £130 for claims for period between 3 and 12 calendar months
- £16 for claims for a whole calendar year, or the remainder of a calendar year if this is less than 3 months
You can include items missed on earlier claims but they must relate to VAT charged in the calendar year of the claim.
Documents needed for claims
You must send HMRC the original invoices showing all the VAT you’re reclaiming.
When you claim for the first time, and every 12 months after that, you must give HMRC an official certificate proving that you’re registered as business in your own country. The certificate must be an original and show:
- the name, address and official stamp of the authorising body
- your own name and address and any trading name you use
- what your business does
- your business registration number
The certificate is valid for 12 months and will be accepted for all claims you make during that period. At the end of the 12 months you must send a new certificate with your next claim.
HMRC normally pays any refund due within 6 months of receiving your claim, unless more information is needed. Your original invoices will be returned to you when your claim has been approved.
If you have any queries about your claim you should contact the VAT Overseas Repayment Unit.
You can choose to have your refund paid:
- by SWIFT (Society for Worldwide Inter-Bank Financial Telecommunications) direct to your own bank
- to a UK bank
- by payable order to you or your agent
If you choose SWIFT you should enclose a copy of a bank credit slip with your claim and provide the following information on form VAT65A:
- bank account number
- currency of account
- bank identification code
- bank account name
- bank name
- bank address
All payments will be made in pounds sterling. If you have to pay bank charges on the transfer the cost may be deducted from the amount of your refund.
If your claim is refused HMRC will tell you why. If you do not agree with HMRC’s decision, you can either ask HMRC to review the decision, or you can appeal to an independent tribunal.
Incorrect or false claims
If your claim is not complete or accurate, HMRC will usually deduct any overpayment from your next refund or ask you to repay the overpaid amount.
You may also be charged a penalty for sending an incorrect claim. False claims are treated very seriously and have serious financial consequences including repayment of the amount falsely claimed plus penalty amounts.
Find more information about refunds of VAT for non-UK businesses or EU VAT for UK businesses.