Regulations: alternative fuels infrastructure

Guidance for suppliers.


The alternative fuels electricity and hydrogen are being regulated to ensure the way they are supplied to vehicles or ships is consistent across the EU. This will reduce dependence on oil and the environmental impact of transport, while contributing to a low carbon economy.

Specific standards will be mandatory for electrical vehicle recharging points, hydrogen vehicle refuelling points and shore-side electricity supply installation points.

In effect, this will provide electrical and hydrogen vehicle users the ability to connect and recharge throughout Europe.

The Alternative Fuels Infrastructure Regulations 2017 is the underpinning legislation.

What is covered?

The regulations cover technical specification and customer experience standards for:

  • electrical vehicle recharging points (recharging points)
  • hydrogen vehicle refuelling points (refuelling points)

They also cover technical specification standards for shore-side electricity supply points.

They apply to recharging and refuelling points intended for public access, excluding those:

  • at workplaces
  • shared at residential homes
  • used in specific occupations
  • for exclusive use by a vehicle produced by a specific manufacturer

Who is responsible for compliance?

Infrastructure operators of the recharging or refuelling point are responsible for compliance, whether owning the asset or working on behalf of a third party, as are statutory harbour authorities operating shore-side electricity installations for sea going ships.

How do I comply?

After 17 November 2017 technical specification standards are required for:

  • socket outlets and vehicle connectors at deployed or renewed recharging points
  • vehicle connectors at deployed or renewed refuelling points
  • deployed or renewed shore-side electricity supply installations for sea going ships

After 17 November 2017 customer experience standards are required:

  • geographic location data of recharging and refuelling points made available to the public
  • intelligent metering systems incorporated into recharging points
  • ad-hoc provision enabling consumers access to a recharging point without entering into a pre-existing contract

There is a grace period for providing ad-hoc access to recharging points deployed on or before 17 November 2017, which ends on 18 November 2018.

What is the role of the Office for Product Safety and Standards?

Safety & Standards enforces the regulations in the UK on behalf of the Office for Low Emission Vehicles for alternative fuel recharging and refuelling infrastructure in relation to:

  • technical specification standards
  • customer experience standards

Where can I find out more?

Alternative Fuels Infrastructure Regulations 2017

National Chargepoint Registry UK

Alternative fuels for sustainable mobility in Europe (European Commission)

This includes a link to the Deployment of Alternative Fuels Directive 2014.

If you have a specific enquiry about compliance with the regulations, please use the contact details on our enforcement services page.

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Published 8 November 2017