The Police and Criminal Evidence Act 1984 codes of practice regulate police powers and protect public rights.
This page covers the Police and Criminal Evidence Act 1984 (PACE) and the accompanying PACE codes of practice, which establish the powers of the police to combat crimes while protecting the rights of the public.
PACE codes of practice
PACE sets out to strike the right balance between the powers of the police and the rights and freedoms of the public. Maintaining that balance is a central element of PACE.
The PACE codes of practice cover:
- stop and search
- interviewing detainees
Current versions of the codes
|Code A 2015||Exercise by police officers of statutory powers to search a person or a vehicle without first making an arrest and the need for a police officer to make a record of a stop or encounter|
|Code B 2013||Police powers to search premises and to seize and retain property found on premises and persons|
|Code C 2019||Requirements for the detention, treatment and questioning of suspects not related to terrorism in police custody by police officers. Includes the requirement to explain a person’s rights while detained and the requirement to explain the rights of a person who has not been arrested that apply to a voluntary interview.|
|Code D 2017||Main methods used by the police to identify people in connection with the investigation of offences and the keeping of accurate and reliable criminal records|
|Code E 2018||Audio recording of interviews with suspects in the police station|
|Code F 2018||Visual recording with sound of interviews with suspects - there is no statutory requirement on police officers to visually record interviews, but the contents of this code should be considered if an interviewing officer decides to make a visual recording with sound of an interview with a suspect|
|Code G 2012||Powers of arrest under section 24 the Police and Criminal Evidence Act 1984 as amended by section 110 of the Serious Organised Crime and Police Act 2005|
|Code H 2019||requirements for the detention, treatment and questioning of suspects related to terrorism in police custody by police officers. Includes the requirement to explain a person’s rights while detained in connection with terrorism|
The latest version of the College of Policing Authorised Professional Practice on detention and custody is published on the College of Policing website under Authorised Professional Practice in the detention and custody section
Previous versions of the codes are shown below, by the date they came into force.
|Code A||1 Jan 09||7 Mar 11||27 Oct 13|
|Code B||1 Feb 08||7 Mar 11|
|Code C||1 Feb 08||10 Jul 12||27 Oct 13||2 Jun 14||23 Feb 17||31 July 2018|
|Code D||1 Feb 08||7 Mar 11|
|Code E||30 Apr 10||23 Oct 2013||2 Feb 16|
|Code F||30 Apr 10||26 Oct 13|
|Code G||1 Jan 06|
|Code H||25 Jul 06||10 Jul 12||27 Oct 13||2 Jun 14||23 Feb 17||31 July 2018|
You can also read previous consultations which contributed to the development of revised codes.