National Planning Policy Framework

Introduction

Paragraphs 1 to 5

  1. The National Planning Policy Framework sets out the government’s planning policies for England and how these are expected to be applied. It sets out the government’s requirements for the planning system only to the extent that it is relevant, proportionate and necessary to do so1. It provides a framework within which local people and their accountable councils can produce their own distinctive local and neighbourhood plans, which reflect the needs and priorities of their communities.
  2. Planning law requires that applications for planning permission must be determined in accordance with the development plan2, unless material considerations indicate otherwise3. The National Planning Policy Framework must be taken into account in the preparation of local and neighbourhood plans, and is a material consideration in planning decisions4. Planning policies and decisions must reflect and where appropriate promote relevant EU obligations and statutory requirements.
  3. This Framework does not contain specific policies for nationally significant infrastructure projects for which particular considerations apply. These are determined in accordance with the decision-making framework set out in the Planning Act 2008 and relevant national policy statements for major infrastructure, as well as any other matters that are considered both important and relevant (which may include the National Planning Policy Framework). National policy statements form part of the overall framework of national planning policy, and are a material consideration in decisions on planning applications.
  4. This Framework should be read in conjunction with the government’s planning policy for traveller sites. Local planning authorities preparing plans for and taking decisions on travellers sites should also have regard to the policies in this Framework so far as relevant.
  5. This Framework does not contain specific waste policies, since national waste planning policy will be published as part of the National Waste Management Plan for England5. However, local authorities preparing waste plans and taking decisions on waste applications should have regard to policies in this Framework so far as relevant.

Related guidance:

Footnotes

  1. A list of the documents revoked and replaced by this Framework is at Annex 3.

  2. This includes the Local Plan and neighbourhood plans which have been made in relation to the area (see glossary for full definition)

  3. Section 38(6) of the Planning and Compulsory Purchase Act 2004 and section 70(2) of the Town and Country Planning Act 1990

  4. Sections 19(2)(a) and Section 38(6) of the Planning and Compulsory Purchase Act 2004 and section 70(2) of the Town and Country Planning Act 1990. In relation to neighbourhood plans, under section 38B and C and paragraph 8(2) of new Schedule 4B to the 2004 Act (inserted by the Localism Act 2011 section 116 and Schedules 9 and 10) the independent examiner will consider whether having regard to national policy it is appropriate to make the plan

  5. The Waste Planning Policy Statement will remain in place until the National Waste Management Plan is published