Guidance

MOD War Detectives – the Joint Casualty and Compassionate Centre Commemorations team - what we do

Find out what the MOD War Detectives get up to throughout their days

What we do

MOD War Detectives – the Joint Casualty and Compassionate Centre Commemorations team - Crown copyright, all rights reserved

MOD War Detectives – the Joint Casualty and Compassionate Centre Commemorations team - Crown copyright, all rights reserved

Our work is varied and interesting and includes the following;

  • when remains of British personnel killed in historic campaigns dating back to the Great War are found, the JCCC will try to identify them
  • where new evidence confirms the name of an individual already buried in an “unknown” British war grave, the JCCC will verify or decline the evidence

We are solely responsible for:

  • researching military and historical records to help confirm the identity of a casualty where possible
  • investigating military and personal items found with a casualty
  • genealogical research to find casualties’ families
  • working with the host nation, Commonwealth War Graves Commission (CWGC), the historic branches of each of the armed services and regimental contacts
  • organising DNA testing if necessary where casualties have recently been found
  • arranging a military funeral/service of rededication
  • hosting a reception after a burial or rededication service
  • liaison with casualties’ families

Although we work with many different organisations, JCCC is the ultimate authority responsible for naming a casualty or previously unknown grave.

Attend A ‘Full Military Honours’ Funeral or Rededication Service

Our services are free to attend and a list of future services can be found at our future services and current appeals.

Help Identify a Missing Soldier, Sailor or Airman?

The MOD War Detectives need your help to trace family of British casualties found on historical battlefields. See our future services and current appeals.

Giving A Name to Those Found On Historical Battlefields

Following the discovery of the remains of British Service personnel from historic conflicts, the MOD War Detectives attempt to identify the remains. We work closely with overseas authorities and the Commonwealth War Graves Commission (who recover remains in France and Belgium) to assess what artefacts or identifying uniform fragments may have been found with the remains. Dog tags were commonly made of compressed fibres which may have decomposed over the years. However, metal shoulder titles and other items often still survive and these can identify a Regiment with which the individual served.

If no identification is possible from the artefacts found, the team works with the single Service Historical Branches, Regimental museums and others to research when a particular Regiment was in the area where the remains were found. Analysis of war diaries and other records can then allow a shortlist of missing personnel to be created.

Once a shortlist has been compiled, the War Detectives use genealogical research to create a family tree for each individual on the list. Official records, and where needed media appeals, are used to trace surviving family members, who may be asked to provide a DNA sample in the hope of a match being found to the remains, confirming an identity.

Arranging Military Funeral Services

The MOD War Detectives co-ordinate all arrangements for funeral services, with full military honours, for all British personnel found on historical battlefields or aircraft crash sites. Services usually take place at a CWGC or other military cemetery near to where the remains are found. We work with the current Armed Forces, Service Chaplaincies, CWGC and local authorities in country to arrange a dignified service for every case, irrespective of how long ago they died, to honour the sacrifice they made for their country. If the casualty can be identified, surviving family members are invited to the service and in some cases can be funded by the MOD. Our services are open to the public and free to attend. See our future services and current appeals.

Rededications

Many Service personnel have been buried with no known name, but new evidence can still emerge today to suggest a name for an individual buried in a specific grave. Anybody can research an “unknown” grave and send their findings to CWGC, who act as a “gateway” for these cases. The MOD War Detectives are the only authority in the UK who can approve these cases. Where they decide that there is enough evidence to prove the identity of a previously “unknown” grave, a new, named headstone will be arranged by the CWGC. The MOD War Detectives will attempt to trace the family and arrange a rededication service at the graveside. See our future services and current appeals.

Repatriation

All casualties of both WW1 and WW2 are buried with their comrades in the country of their death (usually in a CWGC cemetery).

Commonwealth War Graves Commission

We work closely with the Commission. They are involved with the discovery of casualties in France and Belgium. They are responsible for the upkeep and maintenance of cemeteries and memorials at 23,000 locations in more than 150 countries. They also hold many helpful historical records that help us with our research to identify casualties.

Licences to excavate at military aircraft crash sites in the UK

All military aircraft crash sites in the UK are protected by the Protection of Military Remains Act 1986. It is illegal to disturb a crash site without a licence issued by the JCCC. To apply for a licence contact JCCC.

DNA

If we need DNA to help us confirm the identity of recently discovered casualties, we will look for a suitable donor from their family. We have no way of accepting speculative DNA samples for possible use at some future point. We contract our DNA work to a reputable specialist company. Neither we nor our contractors keep a DNA database.

Working for us

We have a very low turnover of staff. If there are ever any vacancies, they will be advertised on the civil service jobs website.

Look at our future services and current appeals.

Find out who we are.

See our contact details.

Published 26 September 2019