Key stage 2 tests: applying special consideration to results

Adjustments to results for pupils affected by extremely distressing circumstances at the time of the 2017 key stage 2 (KS2) tests.

This guidance will be updated for the 2018 test cycle in March 2018.

The special consideration guidance includes a list of eligible circumstances that we used to process applications for pupils who took KS2 tests in May 2017.

Reporting to schools

Schools received their pupils’ results in NCA tools on 4 July 2017. Results include the total raw score achieved for each pupil, in each subject, and the corresponding scaled score. The raw score to scaled score conversion tables are available for reference.

Results reflect each pupil’s actual attainment in the tests, including those pupils who have had an application for special consideration approved.

The scaled scores won’t be adjusted, but there will be a ‘+’ sign on the ‘Pupil results’ page, to show that special consideration has been granted. The scaled score reported on NCA tools will show if the pupil met the expected standard in the test before special consideration was applied. The outcome field will show ‘AS’ (achieved the expected standard) or ‘NS’ (not achieved the expected standard) based on the scaled score.

A scaled score of 100 represents the expected standard on each test. Pupils with scaled scores of 100 or more will have demonstrated that they met the expected standard.

Reporting to parents

As we don’t report adjusted scaled scores to schools on NCA tools, schools should consider how they report test results for pupils who have had special consideration applied to parents at the end of the summer term.

They should consider a pupil’s individual circumstances, which led to the application for special consideration, as well as how representative the test results are of the pupil’s abilities. They should also use their teacher assessment judgements and any other in-school formative assessment to report the pupil’s abilities and achievements to parents.

School accountability

While applications for special consideration don’t give us sufficient information to change a pupil’s scaled score itself, we will take into account the fact that special consideration has been granted when calculating school performance measures published in December.

When calculating primary school performance measures, we will add a number of points to pupils’ scaled scores if we have granted special consideration. These adjusted scaled scores will be used only to calculate the school’s performance measures. This will apply to both attainment and progress measures.

The number of scaled score points that we will add for each subject are detailed in the table below.

Test Number of points to be added to the scaled score
English reading 3
English grammar, punctuation and spelling 3
Mathematics 3

Schools can add the number of points to a pupil’s reported scaled score for a test to understand what adjusted scaled score will be used in the performance tables.

We will cap adjusted scaled scores at the maximum score available for a test. For example, if a pupil’s scaled score from the test is 118, then a scaled score of 120, the maximum scaled score on the tests, will be used for calculations in the performance tables.

If a pupil doesn’t achieve the minimum number of raw score marks needed to be awarded a scaled score, their adjusted scaled score will be set to the minimum scaled score available for the test, 80.

Published 5 July 2016
Last updated 4 July 2017 + show all updates
  1. Updated for the 2017 test cycle.
  2. First published.