How to use a Fast Parcel Operator and the rules they must follow when making customs declarations.
This guide helps exporters to understand the issues surrounding the use of Fast Parcel Operators (FPOs) for imports and exports.
HM Revenue & Customs (HMRC) has approved a number of FPOs for simplified export procedures using a Memorandum of Understanding. The guide explains what Memorandums of Understanding mean for FPOs, and their duties and liabilities to you when making customs declarations on your behalf.
Customs duty reliefs and FPOs
There are several schemes that offer traders relief of duty, suspension of duty, or repayment of duty.
Using third-party declarants
FPOs who complete customs entries on behalf of an importer, or deliver goods to the place where they will be temporarily used, processed or stored, cannot claim relief in their own name if they are not responsible for using, processing or storing the goods themselves, or are arranging for this to be carried out on their behalf.
If you use an FPO as a third party to complete entries on your behalf, and you want to claim any of the customs reliefs that may be available, you must ensure that you:
- give clear written instructions for the goods to be entered to the particular relief concerned
- are clearly identified as the person claiming relief
- ask them to send you details of customs declarations made on your behalf so that you can check their accuracy
If the declaration is incorrect, you will be liable.
Third parties who declare goods for a relief without the authority of the person in whose name the declaration is made, will be liable for any customs debt incurred. See Notice 199.
FPOs as a third-party declarant
As an exporter using a FPO to make declarations about your goods on your behalf, you should remember that under the provisions of Regulation 2454/93EEC (Article 199), you are responsible for:
- the accuracy of the information given in the declaration
- the authenticity of documents attached
- following correct procedure when importing the goods
When a customs declaration is made in your name, and is not accurate, or the correct procedure is not followed, you will be liable for any customs debt that arises.
You should also bear in mind that the use of the codes PR or UNREG in Box 2 of the Single Administrative Document (SAD or C88) is restricted to the following:
- PR - for private exports where there is no commercial purpose involved - eg household effects. VAT zero rating does not apply to PR goods.
- UNREG - for traders who are not registered for VAT in the UK, which includes traders registered in other Member States.
In all other cases an Economic Operator Registration and Identification (EORI) number must be quoted.
In addition, Authorised Economic Operators now need to include their EORI number, and any extra branch or division EORI codes. Read the guide on the Economic Operator Registration and Identification (EORI) Scheme.
Goods imported using couriers are still subject to the requirement to lodge import declarations.
Where goods have an intrinsic value below a specified threshold, they may be declared by means of a partially completed SAD supported by a manifest. Invoices must be held by the trader to support the manifest.
More information - including the authorisation conditions and the CPCs to be used - can be found in paragraph 3.4.1A and Appendix E2 of Volume 3 of the UK Tariff.
Approved Fast Parcel Operators exporting under a Memorandum of Understanding
HMRC has approved a number of operators for specific, simplified export procedures using a Memorandum of Understanding (MoU).
Operators must first be approved by the Express Industry Team for National Export System Simplified Procedures; typically Local Clearance Procedure (LCP) or Simplified Declaration Procedure (SDP).
Operators can then apply for individual MoU status.
Under the MoU, non-restricted goods up to the value of £2,000 will be bulk-declared for Customs Export entry purposes and will have no official proof of export - except the shipper’s or FPO’s Exit Summary Declaration. In these circumstances, you can get commercial proof of export from the FPO.
For goods which are either over £2,000 in value, restricted or subject to licence (irrespective of the value), there must be a full customs entry, and in these circumstances there will be both official and commercial proof of export.
Most FPOs have Track and Trace facilities, which can be used to confirm the delivery of a consignment abroad.
For more details, contact the Express Industry Team at the following address:
The Express Industry Unit
13th Floor South
Express Industry Team Helpline
029 2032 5166