Guidance

The eCommerce Directive after the transition period

At the end of the transition period, the eCommerce Directive will no longer apply to the UK. You should begin to prepare for these changes now.

The UK has left the EU and the transition period after Brexit comes to an end this year.

This page tells you what you'll need to do from 1 January 2021. It will be updated if anything changes.

Check what else you need to do during the transition period.

Changes from 1 January 2021

Rules relating to online activities in European Economic Area (EEA) countries may newly apply to UK online service providers who operate in the EEA from 1 January 2021.

The eCommerce Directive currently allows EEA online service providers to operate in any EEA country, while only following relevant rules in the country in which they are established. This framework will no longer apply to UK providers as the UK will have left the EEA

You should consider whether your services are currently in scope of the Directive, and if so, ensure that you are compliant with relevant requirements in each EEA country you operate in.

Depending on the nature of your online services you may already comply with these requirements. This could mean that there are little or no immediate changes you need to make to be compliant from 1 January 2021.

You may also wish to seek legal advice.

The government intends to fully remove the eCommerce Directive’s Country of Origin principle from UK legislation, to bring EEA online service providers in scope of UK laws, which they were previously exempt from. As this principle is found in a number of pieces of legislation it will be removed at different points, when parliamentary time allows.

1. Check whether you are in scope

The eCommerce Directive applies to ‘information society services’. These are defined as any service that is normally provided:

  • for payment, including indirect payment such as advertising revenue

  • ‘at a distance’ (where customers can use the service without the provider being present)

  • by electronic means, and

  • at the individual request of a recipient of the service

This covers the vast majority of online service providers, for example online retailers, video sharing sites, search tools, social media platforms and internet service providers.

2. Check where your service is based

The Directive refers to this as your ‘place of establishment’, and is the fixed establishment where you pursue your economic activity for an indefinite period of time. See paragraph (19) of the recitals to the Directive for further guidance.

3. Check for new legal requirements

If you are established in the UK, you should check for any legal requirements in any EEA countries you operate in. The rules that you may need to start following are those that fall within the Directive’s ‘coordinated field’. This covers legal requirements in individual EEA states which apply to information society services, for example, rules relating to:

  • online information

  • online advertising

  • online shopping

  • online contracting

UK online service providers may also become subject to ‘prior authorisation’ schemes, such as licensing requirements, in EEA countries where they operate.

The Directive does not cover:

  • tax

  • questions about agreements or practices governed by cartel law

  • certain gambling activities

  • personal data covered by the GDPR and e-Privacy Directive

  • legal requirements relating to goods such as safety standards, labelling obligations or liability for goods

  • requirements relating to delivering or transporting goods.

4. More steps you can take to prepare for changes

We also recommend that you:

  • ensure that you have processes in place for ongoing compliance if individual EEA states change their requirements governing online activities

  • consider legal or other professional advice

Other provisions in the eCommerce Directive

The eCommerce Directive also contains provisions relating to intermediary liability and prohibitions against imposing general monitoring obligations.

The Government has no current plans to change the UK’s intermediary liability regime or its approach to prohibition on general monitoring requirements.

During the transition period

The eCommerce Directive will continue to apply to the UK for the duration of the transition period, ending on 31 December 2020.

Published 16 October 2019
Last updated 6 July 2020 + show all updates
  1. Updated guidance on why eCommerce Directive will no longer apply after the transition period and what you should do to prepare.

  2. First published.