Data Collection Framework
Information on the UKs implementation of the EU Data Collection Framework
The European Commission’s Data Collection Framework (DCF) establishes a European Community framework for the collection, management and use of data in the fisheries sector and support for scientific advice regarding the Common Fisheries Policy (CFP).
In doing so, it seeks to provide scientists and others responsible for making decisions on the management of fisheries with the information they need.
In particular, one major area of the DCF is the setting out of the scientific data that are needed as inputs into the annual assessments of fish stocks.
The DCF specifies the collective data that are required for the European Union (EU) as a whole, as well as setting out targets for the precision of data within these different areas.
EC Regulation 199/2008 sets out the broad requirements relating to the:
- collection, management and use of data in the framework of multi-national programmes
- the data management process
- use of data collected in the framework of the Common Fisheries Policy
- support for scientific advice.
This regulation repealed EC Regulation 1543/2000 with effect from 1 January 2009.
Under the regulations, member states are required to compile a wide range of biological and economic data as specified in the Commission Decisions 2008/949/EC of 6 November 2008 and 2010/93/EU of 18 December 2009 which sets out the requirements for 2011-13. The requirements are more extensive than previously and include:
- biological data, including stock-related data, through a set of sampling programmes
- fleet size and fishing activity analysed by time by segment or sub segment of the fleet, by areas fished and by stock
- economic data relating to the aquaculture sector and fish processing industry
- a wide range of research surveys at sea
- data to evaluate the effects of the fisheries sector on the marine ecosystem.
In order to meet the DCF requirements, each member state is required to set out the programme of work they will undertake.
The UK’s National Correspondent for the Data Collection Framework is Matt Elliott
EC regulation 1078/2008 lays down the detailed rules regarding the expenditure met by EU member states to fulfil the Data Collection Framework (DCF) requirements under the current programme. EU funding of 50% of the total amount incurred is available to help member states carry out the work.
However, to be eligible for a Community financial contribution, the expenditure must meet a strict set of criteria.
In order to assess whether or not each member states’ programme of work complies with its obligations, and can therefore be regarded as valid by the Commission, the programmes are reviewed by the scientists involved in fisheries work (through the Scientific, Technical and Economic Committee of Fisheries forum (STECF).
Once the final work programmes have been agreed, taking in any amendments required, each year a final formal Commission Decision is voted on by member states to confirm the amount of funds available for each member state for the planned work. Member states then receive an advance payment of half of the allotted funds for that year.
After the end of each year, member states must submit:
- a technical report providing details of their national programme undertaken in the previous year (see Technical Reports)
- a financial report detailing the total actual costs of the work carried out and the balance of funds due to each member state is paid out.
As central co-ordinating body for the UK for this work, the Department for Environment, Food and Rural Affairs (Defra) receives the payments made to the UK.
Transfers are made of amounts to [gri-Food and Biosciences Institute (AFBI) and to Marine Scotland treasury accounts to match the anticipated receipts incorporated into their financial programmes.
Defra funds the overall costs of Centre for Environment, Fisheries and Aquaculture Science (Cefas) work through their memorandum of understanding. The remaining payment is therefore used to offset the overall payments made to cover Cefas’ total costs.
View a summary of the UK's budgets for recent years (MS Excel Spreadsheet, 147KB)
UK work programme
Each year a UK programme of work is drawn up detailing the work to be carried out by the three fisheries laboratories and other organisations such as Seafish. For the period 2014-2016 the UK will implement the programme for 2011 to 2013 as laid down in the Commission Decision C(2013) 5568 of 30 August 2013. The UK national programme information for 2011 to 2013 and previous years, including text and accompanying tables, is available.
The laboratories are among the leading providers of scientific research and services to government, non-governmental and commercial organisations in the UK. As such, they are responsible for collecting biological data and undertaking research surveys to meet the Data Collection Framework (DCF) requirements:
- England and Wales: Centre for Environment, Fisheries and Aquaculture Science (Cefas)
- Scotland: Marine Scotland
- Northern Ireland: Agri-Food and Biosciences Institute
Seafish, a non-departmental public body, established to promote good quality, sustainable seafood, is commissioned by the Department for Environment, Food and Rural Affairs to collect data on a range of economic variables covered by the DCF.
UK national programme
EC Regulation 665/2008 EC Regulation 665/2008 specifies the components of the national programme to be provided by EU member states. The programmes shall comprise:
- the actions planned as referred to in the multi-annual Community programme
- the elements of analytical accounts as referred to in the multi-annual Community programme and by regions
- a detailed description of the sampling strategies followed and the statistical estimates used
- the elements demonstrating that the national programmes are co-ordinated in the same region and those tasks shared between the relevant member states.
The national programmes, comprising text (PDF, 8.23MB, 307 pages) and accompanying tables (MS Excel Spreadsheet, 1.05MB) , for 2011-2013 are available, and those submitted by the UK since 2003, can be viewed on our archived pages
Each year, member states are required to submit an annual report providing details of their national programmes undertaken in the previous year.
The most recent technical report (PDF, 3.37MB, 133 pages) and accompanying tables (MS Excel Spreadsheet, 1.72MB) , submitted by the UK, are available. Those submitted since 2003 can be found on our archived pages.
The following organisations are responsible for the UK’s provision of data to meet the requirements of the Data Collection Framework. Agri-Food and Biosciences Institute (AFBI), Centre for Environment, Fisheries and Aquaculture Science (Cefas) and Marine Scotland are primarily responsible for biological data while Seafish collects economic data. Working together with the national correspondent, based in the Statistics and Analysis Team, they contribute to the various elements of the Data Collection Framework (DCF), including to the UK’s national programme proposals, technical reports and provision of financial information.
The Centre for Environment, Fisheries and Aquaculture Science (Cefas) is an internationally renowned aquatic scientific research and consultancy centre, based in Lowestoft and Weymouth.
It aims to be the prime source of high quality science used to conserve and enhance the aquatic environment, promote sustainable management of its natural resources, and protect the public from aquatic contaminants.
Marine Scotland is the lead marine management organisation in Scotland. It was established on 1 April 2009 as a directorate of the Scottish Government, to integrate core marine functions involving scientific research, compliance monitoring, policy and management of Scotland’s seas.
Marine Scotland combines the functions and resources of the former Scottish Government Marine Directorate, Fisheries Research Services and the Scottish Fisheries Protection Agency.
The Agri-Food and Biosciences Institute (AFBI) is based in Belfast and is a leading provider of scientific research and services to government, non-governmental and commercial organisations. With their unique breadth of facilities and scientific capability in agriculture, animal health, food, environment, biosciences and economics AFBI conducts a wide range of valuable projects for both the public and private sectors.
Seafish the authority on seafood, works across all sectors of the seafood industry to promote good quality, sustainable seafood. Its research and projects are aimed at raising standards, improving efficiency and ensuring that our industry develops in a viable way. Seafish is the UK’s only cross-industry seafood body working with fishermen, processors, wholesalers, seafood farmers, fish friers, caterers, retailers and the import/export trade.
A non-departmental public body), it is sponsored by the four UK government fisheries departments and funded by a levy on seafood.
The Department for Environment, Food and Rural Affairs (Defra) is a government department in the UK. Its priorities are to:
- secure a healthy natural environment for us all and deal with environmental risks
- promote a sustainable, low-carbon and resource-efficient economy
- ensure a thriving farming sector and a sustainable, healthy and secure food supply.
Research commissioned by Defra’s Marine and Fisheries Science Unit:
- Defra’s role in marine science
- Defra’s marine research programme
- Marine and Fisheries Science Year Books
European and worldwide organisations
The European Commission’s Joint Research Centre collects a range of fisheries data from member states in a standard format, enabling them to be easily analysed by teams of independent experts. The information derived is then used to inform the Common Fisheries Policy.
The Scientific, Technical and Economic Committee for Fisheries (STECF) is responsible for reviewing member states’ national programmes and other activities related to the implementation of the Common Fisheries Policy. Established by the European Commission, STECF comprises highly qualified scientific personnel, particularly in the fields of marine biology, marine ecology, fisheries science, fishing gear technology and fishery economics.
STECF has the following working groups:
- PLEN: Plenary
- SG-BRE: Sub-group on balance between resources and the exploitation
- SG-ECA: Sub-group on economic affairs
- SG-FEN: Sub group on environmental impact
- SG-MED: Sub-group on the Mediterranean Sea and on the Black sea
- SG-MOS: Sub-group on management objectives and strategies
- SG-RN: Sub-group on research needs
- SG-RST: Sub-group on stock reviews
The International Council for the Exploration of the Sea’s (ICES) mission is to advance the scientific capacity to give advice on human activities affecting, and affected by, marine ecosystems.
ICES co-ordinates and promotes marine research on oceanography, the marine environment, the marine ecosystem, and on living marine resources in the North Atlantic.
Its members include all coastal states bordering the North Atlantic and the Baltic Sea, with affiliate members in the Mediterranean Sea and southern hemisphere.
The North West Atlantic Fisheries Organisation (NAFO) is an inter-governmental fisheries science and management body.
NAFO was founded in 1979 as a successor to the International Commission of the Northwest Atlantic Fisheries (ICNAF) (1949-1978). NAFO’s overall objective is to contribute through consultation and co-operation to the optimum use, rational management and conservation of the fishery resources of the convention area.
The EU Directorate General for Maritime Affairs and Fisheries is responsible for steering, in close relationship with stakeholders at regional and European level, the development and implementation of the Integrated Maritime Policy and to manage the Common Fisheries Policy. This is done with a view to promote the sustainable development of maritime activities as well as the sustainable exploitation of fisheries resources within and beyond Community waters. As such, the directorate’s functions include management of the Data Collection Framework.
Marine data sources
The Marine Environmental Data and Information Network (MEDIN), a partnership of public and private sector organisations working to provide harmonised stewardship and access to marine data and information. In doing so, it seeks to facilitate improved management of the seas and round the UK.
MEDIN has established four marine data archive centres:
- The British Oceanographic Data Centre
- The Data Archive for Seabed Species Habitats
- The United Kingdom Hydrographic Office
- British Geological Survey
MEDIN has also identified a further two candidate data archive centres, one for fisheries and one for marine meterology.