CRC Energy Efficiency Scheme: qualification and registration

The CRC Energy Efficiency Scheme, who needs to register, how to register, charges to pay and how to use the CRC registry.

Government is analysing your feedback on a consultation on Reforming the business energy efficiency tax landscape which ran from 29 September to 9 November 2015. This sought views and evidence on proposals to reform the business energy efficiency tax landscape and associated regulations, including the CRC Energy Efficiency Scheme and Climate Change Agreements, and energy and carbon reporting including links to the Energy Savings Opportunity Scheme. Please note that there is no change as yet to the existing Schemes and participants need to implement them as normal until any changes are introduced.


The CRC Energy Efficiency Scheme is a UK government scheme. It’s designed to improve energy efficiency and cut carbon dioxide (CO2) emissions in private and public sector organisations that are high energy users.

The Environment Agency administers the scheme for the UK and regulates the scheme in England. The Scottish Environment Protection Agency, Northern Ireland Environment Agency and Natural Resources Wales regulate the scheme in their own countries.

Energy already covered under climate change agreements and the EU Emissions Trading System is not included in CRC.

Some public bodies must take part in CRC regardless of how much electricity they use. These are called mandated participants and they include all UK central government departments and devolved administrations.

CRC operates in phases. Phase 1 ran from April 2010 until the end of March 2014. We are now in phase 2 that runs from 1 April 2014 to 31 March 2019.

For each phase, there is a qualification year. Organisations that meet certain criteria during the qualification year will need to register for the next phase of CRC. The qualification year for phase 2 was between 1 April 2012 and 31 March 2013.

Organisations affected by CRC have to register with the Environment Agency at the start of a phase, for the whole phase.

In each compliance year, an organisation that has registered for CRC needs to do the following:

  • collate information about its energy supplies
  • submit a report about its energy supplies
  • buy and surrender allowances equal to the CO2 emissions it generated
  • tell the Environment Agency about changes to its organisation that could affect its registration (designated changes)
  • keep records about its energy supplies and organisation in an evidence pack

CRC: who needs to register

Qualification for CRC is assessed at the group level, not at the individual company or organisation level. You need to identify your entire UK organisational structure, and whether you are part of a group of companies, to work out if you qualify for CRC phase 2.

Your organisation or group qualifies for CRC phase 2 if, between 1 April 2012 and 31 March 2013, it met both of the following criteria:

  1. Having at least one settled half hourly electricity meter (sHHM).
  2. Using 6,000 megawatt hours (MWh) or more of qualifying electricity supplied through settled half hourly meters.

In summary, the steps you need to take to work out if you qualify are:

  1. Identify the full extent of your organisational structure on 31 March 2013.
  2. Identify all the sHHMs within this organisational structure.
  3. Add up the electricity used through those sHHMs in the qualification year 1 April 2012 to 31 March 2013 for phase 2.
  4. Subtract from this figure any excluded electricity supplies to work out the amount of qualifying electricity you used.

CRC registration deadline

Registration for CRC phase 2 started on 14 November 2013. The deadline for registration was 31 January 2014.

When the registration dates for phase three of CRC are agreed, we will update this guide.

CRC late registration

If you qualify for CRC, you should have registered by the deadline.

Registering late means you could receive a fine of £5,000 with a further fine of £500 per working day until you complete the registration process. The daily fine can be imposed for up to a maximum of 80 working days, up to £40,000.

Because the registration deadline has passed we have not provided information here on how to register.

If you are registering late, or are still not sure if you need to register, you can:

Find out about call charges

CRC registry

The Environment Agency will set up your compliance account on the CRC registry once you have registered. Use this account to:

  • access and update contact details or organisation details
  • notify the Environment Agency of any changes to your organisational structure
  • submit your annual report
  • order, buy, surrender and transfer allowances
  • appoint an agent to act on your behalf

Log on to the CRC registry

The screenshot guide will help you to use your compliance account in the CRC registry.

You need a Government Gateway ID to access the CRC registry. If your organisation is already registered on Government Gateway you can use your existing Government Gateway ID for CRC.

Find out more about getting a Government Gateway ID

CRC charges and fees

All participants have to pay a registration fee of £950. You pay this as part of your online registration process. The fee covers the administrative costs of carrying out organisational checks and opening a compliance account on the CRC registry.

Following registration, you have to pay an annual subsistence fee of £1,290. The Environment Agency will send you an invoice in April for each year that you participate in CRC.

There is no VAT to pay.

The CRC charging scheme sets out the legal context for charges.

Contact CRC

Find out about call charges

Published 8 April 2014