Find the right way to buy gas for your school.
See if you can buy your electricity through a DfE-approved gas framework.
See where to get help with buying for schools if you need it.
Before you start
Gather all the information you can find on your gas bill.
However you choose to buy, you must include:
- billing address
- supply address and postcode
- expiry date of current agreement
- notice period
- full supply number (MPRN)
- meter supply number (MSN)
- actual or estimated annual consumption in kilowatt-hour (kWh)
- whether the supply has an automatic meter reader (AMR) or smart meter
- whether you’re eligible for a reduced rate VAT on your energy bills
Reduced rate VAT
If you’re an academy, you should pay a reduced rate VAT of 5% on your energy bills. You do not need to pay the climate change levy.
Emergency contact details
If your annual gas consumption is above 732,550 kwh (25,000 therms) you need to provide emergency 24-hour contact names and phone numbers when completing your contract.
You will not be able to register your site with a new supplier without this contact information.
Meter and usage information
Choose a pricing option
Only 65% of your bill is made up of gas. The rest is made up of network costs set by Ofgem and other costs fixed by the government.
Fixed price contract
Gas is purchased in advance of the contract start date. You’ll get a fixed cost per kWh throughout the length of your contract and a fixed standing charge. The standing charge is normally shown as a cost per day.
Variable or flexible price contract
This pricing option varies according to provider. Consider what each provider offers before you buy.
The price you pay for gas will vary during the length of your contract. This is because your provider purchases gas in blocks before and during the length of your contract. The standing charge will normally be a fixed cost per day.
Find the right way to buy
You have 3 options:
The option you choose will depend on your school requirements and circumstances.
Use a framework
DfE reviews a range of frameworks. These are assessed for compliance with procurement regulations, ease of use, suitability and value for money.
If you use an energy framework, your usage forms part of an aggregated purchase by the framework provider.
This gives the provider combined purchasing power and the ability to secure better energy pricing and lower supplier management fees.
Buying from a framework can be quicker and easier than getting bids or quotes because the agreements:
- have already been through a full competitive tender process
- have been quality checked
- are checked to make sure they comply with the law
- may have support available
If you’ve chosen to use a framework, use the documentation provided by the framework supplier to make sure you’re covered and understand the framework terms and conditions.
Compare and switch sites
The Department for Education (DfE) has worked with CCS to develop School Switch.
This is a free, legally compliant online comparison and switch service tailored for schools.
Price comparison sites compare energy prices and help you switch energy provider.
Unlike domestic supply switch services, you’re responsible for terminating your current contract when switching.
You need to be aware of your current contract:
- end date
- required notice period
If you use a switch site, you should:
- make sure the person who needs to sign the contract is available on the day (quotes are only valid on the day)
- be up to date with current payments – a supplier can block your switch if you have outstanding debts beyond your contracted payment terms
Use an energy consultant or broker
Before you use an energy consultant or broker, be aware of the additional costs for this service.
Running an energy procurement can be complicated. Many schools use an energy consultant or broker, sometimes referred to as third party intermediaries (TPIs).
When using a third party intermediary, you may be charged a one-off fee for their support or an additional cost per kWh added to your energy bill.
This is paid to the third party intermediary through your supplier. If there is an additional cost per kWh, you need to calculate this across the length of the contract to understand the full cost of the services provided.
Calculating the cost of a TPI
Pence/kWh x annual consumption (kWh) x number of years (length of contract) = cost
A TPI should provide written confirmation of:
- charges and how they will be billed
- how they will complete your energy requirements
- how many suppliers they will approach on your behalf
- evidence they comply with the Ofgem voluntary principles
A TPI will ask you to provide them with a letter of authority (LoA). Usually this is a template which you’ll be asked to print and sign on your letterhead. This is normal practice.
The letter of authority should not give the TPI permission to sign or agree contracts on your behalf. It should not have a duration longer than what’s needed to gather the information required.
If you decide to accept one of the offers submitted to you by the TPI, you’ll be issued with a draft contract from the energy supplier. You should check this contract before you sign.
Choose a procurement model
Once you’ve chosen the right way to buy, you need to decide which type of contract you want.
Single schools can choose from 12, 24 or 36 month contacts.
Multi-academy trusts (MATs)
MATs should consider if they can:
- combine sites to get bespoke aggregated quotations
- vary the length of their contract length
Fixed pricing may be right for your school if you need to:
- know the cost per kWh before you start your contract
- plan your budgets over the long term.
Variable pricing may be right for your school if you:
- want to benefit from changes in electricity prices
- do not need to know the exact cost during the length of your contract
There are multiple contract length options.
Level of support
Different framework providers offer different levels of support.
If you’re unfamiliar with the energy buying process, you may want to use a provider who offers more guidance.