How to spot Aujeszky’s disease, what to do if you suspect it and measures to prevent its spread.
Aujeszky’s disease, which is also known as pseudorabies, affects pigs. It can also infect:
It doesn’t affect humans.
The last outbreak in Great Britain was in 1989.
Aujeszky’s disease is a notifiable animal disease. If you suspect it you must report it immediately by calling the Defra Rural Services Helpline on 03000 200 301. In Wales, contact 0300 303 8268. In Scotland, contact your local Field Services Office. Failure to do so is an offence.
How to spot Aujeszky’s disease
Aujeszky’s disease affects the nervous system. In piglets signs include:
- loss of coordination
- weak hind legs
The disease is normally fatal for piglets.
In adult pigs signs include:
- breathing problems
- fever and weight loss
- pregnant sows may abort piglets, or give birth to weak and shivering piglets
Other infected animals will have concentrated and intense itchiness. They will lick, rub or chew at the itchy spot.
They tend to die within a few days of infection.
How Aujeszky’s disease is spread
Aujeszky’s disease is generally spread by direct, nose to nose, contact between pigs.
The virus can also become airborne and spread over longer distances.
It can also be spread through objects contaminated with the virus.
Preventing and controlling Aujeszky’s disease
You can help prevent disease by practising strict biosecurity on your premises.
If you report suspicion of Aujeszky’s disease APHA vets will investigate.
If the disease is confirmed the outbreak will be controlled in line with the contingency plan for exotic notifiable diseases.
Further information on prevention and control
Legislation relating to Aujeszky’s disease
The main disease control legislation for Aujeszky’s Disease are the Aujeszky’s Disease Order 1983 and the Aujeszky’s Disease (Compensation for Swine) Order 1983.